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{"shareInformation":{"4SI":{"companyName":"4Sight Holdings Ltd","ticker":"4SI","lastPrice":79,"bidPrice":79,"offerPrice":75,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"ABG":{"companyName":"Absa Group Limited","ticker":"ABG","lastPrice":15422,"bidPrice":15446,"offerPrice":15278,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1986 - Listed on the JSE.\n\n1991 - Formation of Amalgamated Banks of South Africa Limited (Absa) through the merger of UBS Holdings, the Allied and Volkskas Groups, and certain interests of the Sage Group. \n \n1992 - Absa acquired the entire shareholding of the Bankorp Group (which included TrustBank, Senbank and Bankfin), thereby extending its asset base even further. \n \n1997 - The name of the holding company, Amalgamated Banks of South Africa Limited was changed to Absa Group Limited, consisting of three main operating divisions. \n \n1998 - The United, Volkskas, Allied and TrustBank brands were consolidated into a single brand, and Absa adopted a new corporate identity. \n \n2005 - Barclays acquired a majority stake (55.52%) in Absa as part of its drive to expand its global product and international retail and commercial banking businesses in markets outside the UK. \n\n2009 - The Group had 718,2 million shares in issue and a market capitalisation of R92,3 billion. The Group had assets of R717,7 billion, 11, 7 million customers, 8 945 automated teller machines and 36 150 permanent employees."},"ABSP":{"companyName":"ABSA BANK LTD PREF","ticker":"ABSP","lastPrice":73839,"bidPrice":73897,"offerPrice":73003,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"ACL":{"companyName":"ArcelorMittal SA Limited","ticker":"ACL","lastPrice":115,"bidPrice":115,"offerPrice":113,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1928 - Founded as the South African Iron and Steel\nIndustrial Corporation Ltd.\n04/04/34 - The first steel was tapped at the\nPretoria Works from the open-hearth furnace.\n03/02/89 - Government announced that Iscor would\nbe privatised during the course of the year.\nNovember 1989 - Listed on the JSE.\n14/03/2005- name changed from Ispat Iscor to Mittal South Africa Ltd"},"ACS":{"companyName":"Acsion Limited","ticker":"ACS","lastPrice":640,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"ACT":{"companyName":"AfroCentric Inv Corp Ltd","ticker":"ACT","lastPrice":286,"bidPrice":289,"offerPrice":250,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Afrocentric Investment Corporation Limited Formerly known as WB Holdings Limited. The Group's principal activity is producing deciduous fruit farms in the Grabouw and Villiersdorp areas situated in the Western Cape. Fruit from farms is exported, marketed locally and supplied to juice and concentrate manufacturers."},"ADH":{"companyName":"ADvTECH Ltd","ticker":"ADH","lastPrice":2750,"bidPrice":2750,"offerPrice":2700,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"2003 Academic Advisory Board, which acts as the Group's highest policy-making body on academic matters is established June 2003. A Group Academic Authority, that constitutes a senior academic decision-making body for ADvTECH and a Group Marketing function for all higher education divisions, is established.\n \n2002 The Company's founder and long time Chairman resigns and becomes a non-executive Director. Hugh Brown is appointed non-executive Chairman. Frank Thompson (formerly Deputy Chairman of Amalgamated Appliances) is appointed CEO.\n\nFurther rationalisation occurs and all Australian Recruitment operations were sold or closed down during the year.\n \n2001 Hugh Brown is appointed Acting CEO. ADvTECH is restructured into four divisions Tertiary, University, Recruiting and Schools. Non core businesses such as ADvTECH Skills and Labournet were sold. Bryan Hattingh Independent Services was also sold during this period.\n \n2000 ADvTECH’s international interests were further expanded through the acquisition of two Australian companies: Qantum Human Resources and Chisholm Recruitment Services.\n \n2000 ADvTECH opened the Sandton campus of Bond University, one of Australia’s most successful private universities.\n \n1999 ADvTECH was ranked second in the Financial Mail “Top Performers” survey.\n \n1999 The Recruitment Division was expanded considerably through the acquisition of the Bryan Hattingh Group, Cassel & Co and Brent Personnel.\n \n1998 ADvTECH was top performer in the Electronics sector of the JSE.\n \n1998 ADvTECH was featured in the Forbes Global Business and Finance magazine as one of the top 300 small companies globally.\n \n1998 The acquisition of the labour relations consulting business, LabourNet, formed the start of the Outsourcing division of the Group.\n\n \n1998 ADvTECH entered the nursery schools market with the purchase of several pre-primary groups representing some 18 schools.\n \n1998 The acquisition of the Australian-based recruitment company, Crowe Associates, was the first move to expand the Group internationally. \n \n1997 ADvTECH acquired the Communicate Group, and began the development of a very successful Recruitment Division.\n \n1997 The acquisition of the Crawford Schools and Abbott’s Colleges formed the basis of the Schools Division within the Group. Varsity College was also acquired in the same deal.\n \n1996 ADvTECH was the top performing company on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange.\n \n1995 ADvTECH acquired the JSE-listed Mast Group, the first of a series of acquisitions in the Education and Training arena. The acquisition of IMD College and the Global School of Business followed closely.\n \n1987 ADvTECH was listed on the Electronics sector of the Johannesburg Stock Exchange\n\n1975 - Founded"},"ADR":{"companyName":"Adcorp Holdings Limited","ticker":"ADR","lastPrice":385,"bidPrice":403,"offerPrice":385,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1978 - Founded\n\n1987 - Listed on the JSE.\n\n1999 - Acquisitive Adcorp grows to 38 companies.\n\n2001 - Acquisition of Acumen concluded and a turnaround strategy commences focusing on cash and margin management.\n\n2004 - Consolidated nine underlying businesses to establish Adcorp Talent Resourcing and Job Vest as Employer Branding and Recruitment Process Outsourcing specialist. \n\n2006 - Straterfy implemented to simplify the Group and focus on core business. Acquired Employ-Rite.\n\n2007 - BBBBEE transaction concluded with consortium comprising Wiphold, Simeka and Employee Share Option Plan (ESOP). The group acquired FMS Marketing solutions and Capital OUtsourcing Group and sold Research Surveys and Career Junction. \n\n2009 - Launched the Adcorps Employment Index."},"ADW":{"companyName":"African Dawn Capital Ltd","ticker":"ADW","lastPrice":7,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1997 - Commenced operation as a micro-loans business.\nEarly 1998 - A franchise operation was launched.\n14 October 1998 - Incorporated.\n18 February 1999 - Listed on the JSE.\n24/12/2004 - name changed from ABC Cash to African Dawn"},"AEG":{"companyName":"Aveng Group Limited","ticker":"AEG","lastPrice":580,"bidPrice":580,"offerPrice":556,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"22 November 1944 - Incorporated as Nail & Chain Ltd. It has been a wholly-owned subsidiary of AVI since incorporation.\n21 March 1989 - Name was changed to AVI Diversified Holdings Ltd.\n11 November 1998 - Name was changed to Aveng.\n5 July 1999 - Listed on the JSE."},"AEL":{"companyName":"Altron Limited A","ticker":"AEL","lastPrice":1132,"bidPrice":1175,"offerPrice":1130,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1965\n \n Allied Electric was founded by Bill Venter, a 33-year old telecoms engineer, and three colleagues. Total staff complement was six people. Founder and chairman of Altron, Dr Bill Venter (left). \n \nAllied Electric begins business as a designer and manufacturer of semi-conductor rectifier equipment, battery chargers, inverters, variable speed drives, DC motor controls, DC power supplies, electronic signal equipment and transformers. Components are distributed on behalf of leading French, USA and UK principals and manufacturers.\n \n 1974 - 1979\nAfter rapid expansion by Allied Electric, one of South Africa’s leading telecommunications manufacturers, STC (UK), is acquired from ITT Corporation (USA), and subsequently Altech (in 1974) becomes the holding company of the group.\n \n \n In 1974, Allied Technologies (Altech)\nis listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange.\n \n 1979 - 1980\nA new holding company, Allied Electronics Corporation (Altron), is created and positions Altech under it as its telecommunications subsidiary and Powertech as the power electronics subsidiary\n \nAltron has approximately 3 700 employees and annual revenue of R89 million.\n \nPowertech acquires the Willard Battery Group from the ESB Group (USA) making Powertech South Africa’s largest auto motive/industrial battery manufacturer.\n \nPowertech acquires the Willard Battery Group from the ESB Group (USA) making Powertech South Africa’s largest auto motive/industrial battery manufacturer.\nPowertech acquires Litemaster, South Africa’s largest manufacturer of electrical accessories as well as Crabtree Electric from the Crabtree Group (UK). \n\n \n 1981 - 1985\nThe Board creates a holding company to control the Altron, Altech, Powertech and Fintech companies, calling it Ventron Corporation.\n \nIn 1982 Altron, through Powertech, acquires 90% of Lascon Lighting Industries.\n \nIn 1983 Powertech acquires former Swedish-owned ASEA Electric which consists of a transformer and cables division.\n \nAltech assumes sponsorship of the South African Open Tennis Tournament.\n \nIn late 1984 Powertech acquires Scottish Cables from BICC.\n \n \n In 1985 Powertech buys a controlling interest in Aberdare Cables and then merges Scottish Cables and ASEA W/Aberdare to form South Africa’s largest cable company trading under the Aberdare brand.\nIn 1983 Africa’s largest corporation, Anglo American Corporation, purchases a 20% shareholding in the Ventron Group.\n \nIn 1985 Altron’s revenues reach R320 million with a market capitalisation of R358 million.\n \n 1986 - 1990\nThe JSE-listed Autopage Holdings is purchased and significant growth is recorded in all the group’s acquisitions.\n \nThe group’s thrust into information technology is spearheaded by the listing of Fintech in 1986.\n \nThe group comprises holding company Ventron, with five listed subsidiaries, Altron, Altech, Fintech, Powertech and Autopage Holdings, each operating in a well- defined field of technology.\n \nIn 1987, Fintech acquires Rank Xerox South Africa and \nAltech acquires UEC Projects.\nIn the same year Powertech acquires the remaining shareholding in ASEA Sweden and Stromberg South Africa from Stromberg in Finland.\nIn 1989 Fintech acquires a majority shareholding in NCR \nCorporation of South Africa. \n\n \n 1991 - 1994\nAberdare Cables plays a key role in the electrification of South Africa through innovative product design for Eskom.\n \nA 50% joint venture is formed with Alcatel France in STC, Altech’s telecommunications subsidiary.\n \nIn 1994 Altron has 14 400 employees, a market capitali- sation of R1.3 billion and its annual revenues exceed R3.2 billion.\n \nXerox USA re-enters South Africa in a joint venture with Altron.\n \nAberdare Cables acquires Delta Cables thereby further consolidating South Africa’s cable market and enters European markets by acquiring Alcobre in Portugal.\n \n 1995 - 1996\nPowertech disposes of its Gentech household appliance business to Whirlpool (USA).\n \n \n Altron’s listed subsidiary Autopage, residing under Altech, secures a licence to act as a GSM cellular service provider to both network operators, MTN and Vodacom.\nAltron receives the prestigious President’s Export Award as the nation’s foremost technology exporter from President Nelson Mandela.\nIn 1995 The Bill Venter Foundation completes the rebuilding of the Qunu and Nkalane Secondary Schools in Umtata, the alma mater of the former Presiden of South Africa, Nelson Mandela.\n \n 1997 - 1998\nAltron exports reach R500 million with a remarkable overall 53% increase in exports in rand value terms.\n \nAcquisition of Lambda Cables.\n \nABB Powertech is restructured to form ABB Powertech Transformers and ABB Powertech Transmission and Distribution.\n \nNetstar, South Africa’s leading vehicle tracking company, is acquired.\n \nPowertech acquires Sabat Batteries.\n \nPowertech acquires the cable manufacturing interests, as well as a 25% stake in the distribution business of Voltex Holdings Limited for R750 million.\n \nPowertech’s Aberdare Cables is ranked as one of the world’s top 25 cable manufacturers.\n \nABB Powertech Transformers secures substantial orders for the supply of transformers for two power plants in Mexico and further power plants in the USA.\n \n 1999 - 2000\nAutopage Holdings is delisted and Ventron is unbundled.\n \nAltron’s shareholding in Telemetrix is sold as the group focuses on core assets.\n \nPowertech acquires Battery Technologies.\n \nBlack Economic Empowerment company, Kwezi Investments Limited, acquires 10% of Aberdare Cables.\n \nPowertech is rated by Forbes magazine as one of the top 300 smaller companies in the world.\n \nUEC Technologies develops world-leading digital decoder technology which becomes a household name in SA, Italy, Holland, Cyprus, Greece and the Gulf States.\n \nAltech enters the smart card field through Altech Smart Card Technologies.\n \nThe group increases its stake to over 50% in subsidiary, USKO through a R228.4 million rights issue.\n \nAltech, through Alcatel Altech Telecoms, secures the largest ever (R1.2 billion) telecom munications contract placed by Telkom for DECT (digital enhanced cordless telephony) systems.\n \n 2000 - 2001\nWith 12 625 employees, Altron revenues in 2000 exceed R7 billion and market capitalisation reaches R1.9 billion.\n \nPowertech acquires Cables de Comunicaciones SL, a leading Spanish telecom- munications cable manufacturer.\n \nTwo leading healthcare IT companies, PQ Africa’s QEDI and Bytes’ MediSwitch in the medical claims forwarding industry, merge to form an internet healthcare and e-commerce partnership in the form of Digital Healthcare Solutions.\n \n \n USKO is re-branded as Bytes Technology Group Limited (Bytes) and the IT interests of Fintech are purchased by BTG to consolidate the group’s IT under Bytes.\n \nThe Altron Chairman and Chief Executive Officer positions (both previously held by Dr Venter) are split. Robert Venter is appointed Chief Executive of Altron,\nwith Dr Venter retaining the Chairmanship of the group. \n\n \nThe Altron Executive Committee is formed with key strategy to simplify group structure, divest non-core operations and focus on core business implemented.\n \n 2002\n2002 marks the group’s 37th year of growth with revenues of R10 billion and a market capitalisation of R2.2 billion.\n \nXerox SA secures the exclusive sub saharan distributorship for Xerox products.\n \n \n Altech sells its 40% stake in Alcatel Altech Telecoms for R335 million.\n \nPowertech and Fintech are delisted and become wholly-owned subsidiaries of Altron.\n \nAltech is ranked as one of the TOP 20 Companies listed on the JSE Securities Exchange by Financial Mail.\n \nAltron’s 2001 export sales top R1 billion mark.\n \nAberdare Cables, a subsidiary of Powertech, enters into an equity partnership with Corning International Corporation, a world leader in optical fibre technology.\n \nAnother rural school, built by The Bill Venter Foundation, is officially dedicated by former President Nelson Mandela at a ceremony in Elliotdale, in the Eastern Cape.\n \nPowertech’s shareholding of 30% in Voltex distribution is sold for R130 million to Bidvest.\n \n 2002 - 2003\nAltech Card Solutions (ACS) acquires Cardtronics.\n \nAltech’s Netstar expands into Malaysia.\n \nAltron is nominated as one of the Top Ten Companies for 2001/2 with revenues rising by 15% to R11.4 billion and operating income by 20% to R912 million.\n \nAltech is judged top ICT company in South Africa.\nFintech launches the first office equipment securitisation in SA.\nAlcom Systems sells 30% of its stake to Motoma ICT \nGroup in a BEE deal. \n\n \n 2004\nAltech repurchases R250 million of its shares in the open market.\n \nAltech and the Econet Wireless Group announce a R1 billion joint venture.\n \n \n Altech acquires NamITech, a manufacturer of smartcards, pre-paid vouchers and a mobile solutions provider and introduces Pamodzi as BEE shareholder in Altech Data and NamITech.\n \nBytes sells 27% of its Bytes South African operations to Kagiso in a BEE deal.\n \nAberdare Cables sells 30% to BEE company, Izingwe Capital, founded by Sipho Pityana.\n \nBytes purchases CS Holdings as well as 50% of Xerox SA from Xerox International to move to 100% ownership and re-brands Xerox SA as Bytes Document Solutions.\n \nAltech sponsors inaugural F1X2 international motor racing event.\n \n 2005\nAltron’s 11 800 employees celebrate its 40th anniversary with an increase in revenues of 22% to R12.2 billion and operating income of 35% to R968 million. Market capitalisation reaches R5 billion.\n \nAltech exits joint venture with Econet with a R150 million profit.\n \nPowertech purchases Calidus, a manufacturer and supplier of electrical insulation materials and signs a new 10-year agreement with Von Roll Isola.\n \nAltron launches its Transformation Vision 2010, an internal Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) policy document which includes a group scorecard for Black Economic Empowerment.\n \nVodacom and MTN sign long- term agreements with Altech for Altech Autopage Cellular to act as an independent service provider for a minimum of five years\n \nCS Holdings is successfully integrated into Bytes.\n \n 2006\nAltron increases shareholding in Bytes to 57.7% by purchasing R100 million of shares on the open market.\n \nRevenues exceed R14 billion and operating profit exceeds R1 billion for the first time.\n \nMarket capitalisation increases to R8 billion.\nBytes purchase UK – Vantage and Xclusive (Xerox concessionaires).\nAltech purchases French-based MobiMaster. \n\n \n 2007\nMarket capitalisation exceeds R13 billion for the first time.\n \nAcquisition of Swanib Cables.\n \nAcquisition of IST, subject to regulatory approval.\n \nAcquisition of Revenues exceed R17 billion.\n \nEmpowerment deals at Altech Netstar Fleet Management and Altech Matomo announced.\n \n2008\n\n Acquisition by Powertech of the electrical engineering operations of the IST group for \nR504 million, effective 1 September 2007;\n\n Acquisition by Altron of the minority shareholders in Bytes Technology Group Limited for R1.4 billion. Bytes was de-listed from the JSE Limited on 15 January 2008;\n\n Acquisition by Altech of ComTech for R53 million, effective 1 January 2008;\n\n Purchase by Altron of an additional 3.7% of Altech for R187 million at an average price of R52.14 per share during February 2008, thereby increasing its stake in Altech to 62%;\n\n Acquisition by Powertech of the 25% minority in Cables de Comunicaciones Zaragoza, effective 1 August 2007 for €8 million;\n\n Acquisition by Powertech of Swanib Cables for R43 million, effective 1 March 2007.\n\n Acquisition by Altech of 51% of the Sameer ICT group in Kenya for maximum consideration of US$75 million, effective 1 March 2008;\n\n Acquisition by Powertech of the 50% stake it did not own in ABB Powertech Transformers from ABB for R320 million, effective 1 April 2008;\n\n Disposal by Powertech of Yelland Control to Omron Europe for R65 million, effective \n1 April 2008.\n\n Acquisition by Bytes of Intelleca – 17 June 2008\n\n Acquisition by Bytes of Nor Paper – 9 July 2008\n\n Altech Autopage Cellular and Neotel sign distribution agreement – 27 August 2008\n\n The Pretoria High Court rules in favour of Altech Autopage Cellular to the entitlement of an individual electronic communications network service (I-ECNS) license, enabling the group’s telecommunications subsidiary to develop and operate its own telecommunications network – \n29 August 2008\n\n 2009\n\n Altech announces 25% Black Economic Empowerment deal: Altech announced a 25% + 1 share Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) transaction in relation to three of its subsidiaries, Altech Netstar, Comtech and Altech Netstar Fleet Solutions. - December 09\n\n Altron ranked the 17th best company in South Africa regarding its carbon footprinting initiative and reporting - November 09\n\n Altech in one of South Africa’s Top 500 companies. - October 09\n\n The Altech Academy becomes the first corporate university in the local ICT industry to have its higher education training programmes accredited by the Information Systems Electronics and Telecommunications Technologies (ISETT) Seta and Department of Labour. - October 09 \n\n Powertech Transformers expands BEE shareholding and restructures transformer business: Power Matla, chaired by Solly Moloko, takes a 20% equity in the combined Powertech Transformers and Desta Power Matla operations. - September 09\n\n Bytes Systems Integration awarded the 2009 South African Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) Competitive Strategy award by Frost & Sullivan, an international consulting and research company. - September 09\n\n Altech and Seacom announce strategic bandwidth alliance - September 09\n\n Dr Bill Venter receives the “Legend in ICT Award” which was presented by the State Information Technology Agency (SITA) during the GovTech 2009 Conference - September 09\n\n Altech’s Kenya Data Networks lays 1500kms of fibre between Mombasa and Kampala - August 09\n\n Altech’s KDN acquires 8.5% stake in The East Africa Marine System Limited (TEAMS): for an amount of USD 11 million. - August 09\n\n Dr Bill Venter, founder and Chairman, celebrates his 75th birthday and launches his autobiography, In pursuit of a dream “Bill Venter and the Altron story”. - July 09\n\n Bytes Outsource Services has clinched a three-year R100 million contract to manage and operate Neotel’s customer care contact centre. - June 09\n\n Intelleca named Genesys partner of the year - June 09\n\n Bytes Document Solutions upgrades its support structure and presence in Zimbabwe by appointing Document Support Centre as its exclusive distributor in our neighboring country. - June 09\n\n Altech acquires Technology Concepts an internet service provider (ISP) and information technology company. - April 09\n\n Altron ranked number one company in the General Industrials sector and number 32 overall in South Africa in the FM/Empowerdex Top 200 Empowerment Companies ratings for 2009. This positions the company as a level 4 contributor. - April 09\n\n Bill Venter recognised as SA’s Mr Technology by government and industry for his significant contribution to technology over the past 45 years. - February 09\n\n Altech awarded landmark electronic communications network service (I-ECNS) and electronic communications service (I-ECS) licences - January 09\n\n Bytes Document Solutions announced “Partner of the Year” and wins “Productivity Through Partnerships” award at the XEROX Middle East and Africa Operations Conference held in Dubai. - January 09"},"AFE":{"companyName":"AECI Limited","ticker":"AFE","lastPrice":9616,"bidPrice":9850,"offerPrice":9584,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1924 - Founded through the merger of the explosives interests of De Beers and Nobel Industries of Britain.\n1966 - Listed on the JSE.\n1993 - Major restructuring programme was undertaken.\n2000 - Sale of AECI's 50 per cent shareholdings in both Resinkem and Specialty Minerals South Africa to Chemical Services Limited for R40 million. The consideration is satisfied through the issue of 3.33 million additional Chemserve shares to AECI, increasing AECI's shareholding in Chemserve from 60.9 per cent to 62.7 per cent \nDisposal of Autoplastic to SAI Automotive AG, the automotive activity of the Sommer Allibert Group Sale of AECI's 50 per cent share in Goldchem to its partner, Rand Refinery Limited \nSale of AECI's 50 per cent share in Alliance Peroxide to Degussa-Hüls AG of Germany \nAnnouncement by SANS Fibres of a R60 million investment to double PET polymer production at its Bellville site Joint venture in technical coatings with PPG Industries of the USA. In terms of the agreement signed, the technical coatings unit of Dulux becomes a separate company, AECI Coatings, with AECI holding 80 per cent of the equity \nConclusion of the sale of AECI's acrylics business to UK-based Ineos Acrylics for a total consideration of R70 million \nSANS Fibres announces R40 million investment in a new spinning platform for its Bellville site, and the expansion of its global position in light industrial yarns through the investment of some R80 million in the USA \nRedundant ammonia/urea plants at Modderfontein sold for R21 million for re-erection in China \nAgreement reached in principle between AECI and Chemserve for Chemserve to purchase Industrial Urethanes, Kynochem and AECI Coatings from AECI. The transaction, with an estimated consideration in excess of R300 million, is subject to the approval of the minority shareholders in Chemserve, the statutory requirements of the JSE and other formal consents AECI and Sasol Chemical Industries (SCI) reach agreement for SCI to acquire AECI's 50 per cent interest in the Fedmis Phalaborwa partnership, subject to approval by the Competition Commission AECI Limited publishes a cautionary announcement advising shareholders that it had reached agreement in principle, subject to certain conditions, with Anglo South Africa ('Anglo'), regarding a potential repurchase by AECI of a portion of Anglo’s shareholding in AECI.\n\n\n2001\n\nAt a general meeting of ordinary shareholders in AECI Limited on 10 January, the Company is authorised to buy back 40 per cent of its issued shares from majority shareholder, Anglo South Africa (Pty) Limited. As a result AECI purchases 61.9 million shares from Anglo, of which 51.6 million are cancelled and 10.3 million are now held as treasury shares AECI's remaining 50 per cent interest in Kynoch Fertilizer sold to Norsk Hydro. The transaction completes the Group's exit from the non-core retail fertilizer business Dulux's Protective and Marine coatings business sold to Sigma Coatings. Dulux will continue to manufacture branded products on Sigma's behalf for the next two years, on a toll basis Agreement concluded to dispose of AECI's 60 per cent interest in AECI Bioproducts to Zarara Energy Limited Heads of agreement concluded in terms of which AECI will dispose of its animal feeds business, Kynoch Feeds, to Kemira Oy of Finland with effect from 1 April.\n\n2002 - For the first time since it began its transformation programme in 1998, AECI Limited returns to the international finance markets. It concludes an agreement with a syndicate of six banks to raise US$75 million by way of a three year revolving credit facility Anglo American plc’s South African subsidiary disposes of a further 13.5 million shares in AECI (being 12.95 per cent of AECI's ordinary share capital) to two institutional buyers for an undisclosed amount. \n\n2003 - Schalk Engelbrecht succeeds Lex van Vught as AECI's chief executive AECI acquires, from the minorities of Chemical Services Limited, the balance of the shares in this company that it did not already own. Chemical Services is delisted from the JSE Securities Exchange SA by year-end AECI and Dyno Nobel of Norway sign heads of agreement for the establishment of a 50:50 joint venture company, DetNet International, that will be responsible for all future design, manufacture, promotion and support of electronic detonator systems. The JV is a major step in gaining access to international markets for AECI's highly specialised, world class electronic detonators. \n\n2004 - The Group becomes the first empowered major supplier of explosives, initiating systems and services to South Africa's mining industry. This is in terms of an agreement whereby an empowerment consortium, led by the Tiso Group, acquires a 25.1 per cent interest in AECI's South African and African explosives operations for a cash consideration of about R401 million \nChemical Services reaches agreement for the acquisition of two separate businesses, for a combined consideration of about R150 million. The companies concerned are those of UAP and Chemiphos.\n\n2007 - Graham Edwards, managing director of AEL since 1999, will succeed Schalk Engelbrecht as chief executive of AECI with effect from 1 March 2008. SANS Fibres exits the nylon high decitex industrial (HDI), the polyester HDI and polyster light industrial (LDI) yarn businesses in December. Partners or purchasers for the balance of the SANS Fibres businesses are being sought \nAECI sells its decorative coatings business, trading as Dulux, to ICI for a cash consideration of R745 million. The sale includes the South African operations as well as the subsidiaries in Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, Swaziland and Zambia. \n\n2008 - Good progress is made in AECI’s capital investment programme. In terms of a strategy formulated in 2007, the Group is investing about R2 billion in its future growth. Most capital projects will come on line in 2009. After protracted but unsuccessful attempts to sell the nylon light industrial fibres and polyethylene terephthalate businesses of SANS Fibres as going concerns, AECI announces that it intends closing all operations at SANS Fibres’ Bellville site, Western Cape, at the end of March 2009. SANS Technical Fibres, at Stoneville, USA is not affected and will run as a stand-alone company for the foreseeable future. Senmin, a subsidiary of Chemical Services Limited, concludes a joint venture agreement with Ciba UK plc to build and operate a world class plant for manufacturing acrylamide and polyacrylamide, using Ciba technology, at Sasolburg in the Free State."},"AFEP":{"companyName":"AECI Limited 5,5% Pref","ticker":"AFEP","lastPrice":1500,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"AFH":{"companyName":"Alexander Forbes Grp Hldgs","ticker":"AFH","lastPrice":635,"bidPrice":641,"offerPrice":621,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"AFT":{"companyName":"Afrimat Limited","ticker":"AFT","lastPrice":6855,"bidPrice":6910,"offerPrice":6711,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1963- Prima was established.\n1965- Lancaster and Vryheid Mine were established.\n2003 - A landmark empowerment transaction between Mega Oils was completed.\n2006 - A merger between Lancaster and Prima was formed by Afrimat. Afrimat later listed on the JSE."},"AGL":{"companyName":"Anglo American plc","ticker":"AGL","lastPrice":62070,"bidPrice":62240,"offerPrice":59915,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"24 May 1999 - Primary listing of Anglo American Plc on the London Stock Exchange with secondary listings on the JSE and Swiss Exchange SWX. Anglo American plc was created from the combination of Anglo American Corporation of South Africa and Minorco.\n21 June 1999 - Joined the FTSE 100 Index.\n4 June 2001 - Listed on the Botswana and Namibian Stock Exchanges."},"AHL":{"companyName":"AH-Vest Limited","ticker":"AHL","lastPrice":2,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1 September 1988 - Incorporated as All Joy Foods (Pty) Ltd.\n30 November 1998 - Converted to a public company.\n21 December 1998 - Listed on the JSE."},"AIL":{"companyName":"African Rainbow Cap Inv","ticker":"AIL","lastPrice":562,"bidPrice":598,"offerPrice":560,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"ARC is a South African registered investment holding company that seeks to utilise its empowerment credentials, balance sheet strength, the business track record of its leadership team and its brand to invest in financial services distribution businesses, to take strategic equity stakes in underlying financial services product providers and to acquire majority or significant minority interests in non-financial services businesses.\n\nARC was founded in July 2015, and is a wholly-owned subsidiary of UBI. UBI was created in 2003 with the initial main purpose of building a broad-based Black-controlled investment entity as Sanlam’s empowerment partner. In addition, the vision of UBI from the outset was to make a difference in the lives of ordinary South Africans by being a premier broad-based Black-owned and Black-controlled financial services group in South Africa.\n\nThe first phase of realising this vision was the accumulation of capital by UBI in collaboration with Sanlam, as its empowerment shareholder. At the beginning of 2014, the initial 10-year lock-up period and all of UBI’s contractual obligations towards Sanlam came to an end with the repayment of the original debt. The initial objective of capital accumulation has now largely been achieved with UBI holding c. 13.5% of Sanlam’s issued shares. This implies a holding which, valued at the current share price of c. R68.85 per share, amounts to a total gross value of c. R20 billion.\n\nThe second phase entails partially investing this capital in ARC, which aims to become the majority shareholder of a leading broad-based Black-owned and Black-controlled financial services group, through FinHoldCo.\n\nARC Investments was registered and incorporated in Mauritius as a private company on 30 June 2017 under the Mauritian Companies Act, and was converted to a public company on 2 August 2017. ARC Investments is managed in Mauritius and holds a Category One Global Business Licence issued by the FSC. It has been established as a capital-raising and investment entity to offer Shareholders long-term capital appreciation by enabling them to invest in a permanently broad-based Black-controlled investment entity with a diversified indirectly held underlying portfolio of listed and unlisted investments."},"AIP":{"companyName":"Adcock Ingram Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"AIP","lastPrice":5501,"bidPrice":5522,"offerPrice":5463,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"120 years ago, E.J. Adcock Pharmacy opened its doors in Krugersdorp. Today, Adcock Ingram sells more tablets, capsules and liquids than any other player in the South African pharmaceutical market, and is in the business of diagnosing and treating illness. \n\nCore to our business is adding value to peoples' lives and that includes those of our customers, employees, suppliers and shareholders. \n\nTake a journey with us and explore our rich history to see how we've continually evolved to keep pace with the expectations and needs of all our stakeholders."},"AME":{"companyName":"African Media Ent Ltd","ticker":"AME","lastPrice":3600,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"December 1997 - listed on the JSE through a reverse listing into the Carrig Diamonds cash shell."},"AMS":{"companyName":"Anglo American Plat Ltd","ticker":"AMS","lastPrice":78000,"bidPrice":78968,"offerPrice":75345,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"13 July 1946 - Incorporated.\n1 September 1997 - Name was changed from Rustenburg Platinum Holdings Ltd to Anglo American Platinum Corporation Ltd.\n5 September 1997 - Listed on the JSE.\n\nProfile\nAnglo Platinum Limited is listed on the JSE Limited and is the sole listed entity for the Group. It has a secondary listing on the London Stock Exchange. International depositary receipts for the Company's shares are listed on the Brussels bourse. \n\nThe Group's main operating mines include Rustenburg Platinum Mines’ (RPM) Rustenburg Section, Amandelbult Section and Union Section (85% owned), as well as Potgietersrust Platinums Limited (PPRust) (now Mogalakwena Section), Twickenham and Lebowa Platinum Mines Limited (LPM). \n\nThe Group is also in joint ventures and associations with: African Rainbow Minerals Platinum, a historically disadvantaged South African (HDSA) mining company, to operate the Modikwa Platinum Mine; Royal Bafokeng Resources, an HDSA partner, over the combined Bafokeng-Rasimone Platinum Mine (BRPM)/ Styldrift properties; the Bakgatla-Ba-Kgafela traditional community who hold a 15% share in Union Mine; Lonmin Platinum and HDSA partners, the Bapo Ba Mogale tribe and Mvelaphanda, over the Pandora PGM reserves; Xstrata to operate the Mototolo Mine and has joint venture agreements with Aquarius Platinum (South Africa), covering the shallow reserves of its Kroondal and Marikana mines contiguous to RPM Rustenburg Section.\n\nThe Group's smelting and refining operations are wholly owned through RPM and situated in South Africa. These operations treat concentrates and matte from subsidiaries and from joint ventures. \n\nThe Group announced its intention to conclude two major BEE transactions on 4 September 2007 with existing empowerment partners, Mvelaphanda Resources Limited and Anooraq Resources Corporation. The deals when successfully concluded will result in the creation of two major independently HDSA managed and controlled PGM producers over the Lebowa Platinum Mines, Ga-Phasha, Booysendal and Northam assets. \n\nIn Zimbabwe, the Group is developing the Unki platinum mine.\n\nElsewhere in the world, the Group is involved in exploration in Canada, Russia, Brazil and China. The Group has a representative office in Beijing."},"ANG":{"companyName":"AngloGold Ashanti plc","ticker":"ANG","lastPrice":46086,"bidPrice":46150,"offerPrice":44278,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1942 - Discovery of the Vaal Reef.\nMay 1944 - Formation of Vaal Reefs Exploration and Mining Company Ltd to investigate and exploit an area in the North-West Province adjacent to the mining area of Western Reefs Exploration and Development Company Ltd following the discovery of the Vaal Reef.\nSeptember 1956 - Vaal Reefs established the first shaft of its own.\n1966 - Formation of Southvaal Holdings Ltd to represent the interests of holders of mineral rights south of the Vaal river.\n1971 - Western Reefs became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Vaal Reefs with the merger of the 2 mines.\n1979 - Vaal Reefs began leasing the main block of mineral rights for the mining and treatment of uranium reserves from The Afrikander Lease Ltd.\n1982 - Afrikander Lease granted Vaal Reefs the right to exploit gold-bearing ore from an old part of the\nAfrikander mine., of which royalties are payable to The Afrikander Lease Ltd.\nApril 1992 - Proposals announced for the financing and mining of the Moab Lease area as an extension to the existing Vaal Reefs Lease area.\n1996 - Production from the Moab Lease area, which adjoins the South Lease area, is expected to commence from a shaft in the South Lease area.\n1997 - Vaal Reefs acquired the entire issued share capital of Weltevreden Mines Limited.\nEarly 1998 - Disposed of several seven shafts.\n30 March 1998 - Change of name to Anglogold Ltd.(Vaal Reefs to be merged with certain other companies, to form one focused global gold mining and exploration entity).\n29 June 1998 - Re-listed on JSE, LSE and the Paris Stock Exchanges following the incorporation of six wholly owned subsidiaries; ERGO, Elandsrand, Freegold, Southvaal, Western Deeps and HJ Joel. (Eastvaal to be wholly owned as from 13 July 1998).\n5 August 1998 - Listed on New York Stock Exchange.\n16 November 1999 - Listed on teh Australian Stock Exchange.\n03/05/2004 - changed the name because of the merger(03/03/2004)"},"ANH":{"companyName":"Anheuser-Busch InBev SA NV","ticker":"ANH","lastPrice":122241,"bidPrice":122891,"offerPrice":120000,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"For centuries, the experience of sharing a beer has brought people and cultures together. Even in our hyper-connected, always-on world, this simple act is as meaningful today as it was generations ago.\n\nWe are AB InBev. Committed to driving growth that leads to better living for more people in more places. Through brands and experiences that bring people together. Through our dedication to brewing the best beer with the best ingredients. And through our commitment to helping farmers, retailers, entrepreneurs and communities grow. \n\nWe are building a company to last. Not just for a decade. But for the next 100 years. Through our brands and our investment in communities, we will bring more people together, making our company an integral part of our consumers’ lives for generations to come."},"ANI":{"companyName":"Afine Investments Ltd","ticker":"ANI","lastPrice":495,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"AON":{"companyName":"African & Over Ent Ltd -N","ticker":"AON","lastPrice":1499,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"AOO":{"companyName":"African & Over Ent Ltd","ticker":"AOO","lastPrice":1625,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"African & Overseas Enterprises has been listed on the JSE Limited since 1945. The company has controlling interests in Rex Trueform Clothing Company Limited which in turn is invested in the retail and property industries."},"AOVP":{"companyName":"African & Over Ent Ltd P","ticker":"AOVP","lastPrice":1003,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"APF":{"companyName":"Accelerate Prop Fund Ltd","ticker":"APF","lastPrice":53,"bidPrice":60,"offerPrice":52,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"APFN":{"companyName":"","ticker":"APFN","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"APH":{"companyName":"Alphamin Resources Corp","ticker":"APH","lastPrice":1520,"bidPrice":1550,"offerPrice":1506,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Alphamin Resources Corp. is in the business of locating, acquiring, exploring, evaluating and, if warranted, developing mineral properties."},"APN":{"companyName":"Aspen Pharmacare Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"APN","lastPrice":22979,"bidPrice":23085,"offerPrice":22805,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"25 June 1985 - Incorporated under the name IEM Products (Pty) Ltd.\n16 April 1987 - Converted to a public company.\n12 December 1990 - Name was changed to Medhold. \n25 May 1987 - Listed on the JSE.\n1 January 1999 - Changed name to Aspen Healthcare Holdings Ltd. \n28 February 2000 - Changed name from Aspen Healthcare Holdings Ltd to Aspen Pharmacare Holdings Ltd."},"APO":{"companyName":"AREIT PROP LIMITED","ticker":"APO","lastPrice":299,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"ARA":{"companyName":"Astoria Investments Ltd","ticker":"ARA","lastPrice":780,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"ARI":{"companyName":"African Rainbow Min Ltd","ticker":"ARI","lastPrice":23080,"bidPrice":23364,"offerPrice":22309,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"2006\nThe formation of ARM Coal, the company’s new coal investment, was announced in February 2006. ARM Coal holds a 20% interest in the existing coal operations of Xstrata Coal South Africa, and a 51% interest in an unincorporated joint venture which holds the Goedgevonden Coal Project. Subsequent to the financial year-end, the ARM Board approved the exercise of the option to acquire an additional 10%, directly, in Xstrata Coal South Africa, for R400 million by 1 September 2006. \n2005\nIn November, ARM listed TEAL Exploration & Mining Incorporated (TEAL), on the Toronto Stock Exchange and later on the JSE Limited, into which ARM’s non-South African exploration portfolio was injected. This exploration portfolio includes copper projects in Zambia, a copper-cobalt project in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and a gold project in Namibia. \n2004\nIn May, a range of indivisible transactions involving certain interests of Avmin, ARMgold and Harmony resulted in the formation of two entities – Harmony Gold in its current form, and ARM. \n2003\nIn May, ARMgold merged with Harmony to create the world’s sixth largest gold company \n2002\nThe gold assets of ARMgold are listed in May \n2001\nPlatinum assets are bolstered with the development of Modikwa Platinum in a joint venture with Anglo Platinum Limited \n1994\nARM Executive Chairman Patrice Motsepe started Future Mining, a contract mining company which, following a series of acquisitions of gold interests from Anglo American Corporation of South Africa Limited, led to the formation of ARMgold Limited \n1933\nAnglo-Transvaal Consolidated Investment Company Limited incorporated as a mining, finance and industrial holding company. \nThat group was unbundled in 1998, allowing Anglovaal Limited to focus on core mining operations through Anglovaal Mining Limited (Avmin)."},"ARL":{"companyName":"Astral Foods Ltd","ticker":"ARL","lastPrice":14869,"bidPrice":14949,"offerPrice":14607,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Formerly known as Leknarf, was conveted into a public company and changed its name to Astral Foods.\n9 April 2001 - Listed on the JSE."},"ART":{"companyName":"Argent Industrial Ltd","ticker":"ART","lastPrice":2025,"bidPrice":2025,"offerPrice":1989,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The Scharrighuisen Group began in 1972 when the Scharrighuisen families settled in South Africa from Holland in order to execute certain earthmoving contracts which they had secured. As the business developed, the Scharrighuisen Group became aware of opportunities in the industry and successfully addressed these markets. Scharrighuisen was listed on the JSE on 28 September 1989 and was quoted under the Industrial Engineering sector. Scharrig Mining Limited was listed on the JSE on 25 January 1993. Scharrig Industrial Holdings (Pty) Ltd was born out of Scharrig Mining Ltd. The company was subsequently formed for the purpose of holding the Group's industrial investments which were previously held by Scharrighuisen Holdings Limited. Scharrig Industrial Holdings (Pty) Ltd was listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange on 24 November 1994.\n\nThe Company changed its name to Argent Industrial Limited on 27 September 1999. The Argent Group is predominately a steel merchant with steel trading making up approximately forty three percent of Group turnover. Thirty seven percent of the Group comprises of companies which beneficiate or add value to steel either via manufacturing or through steel service centres. The Group is made up of ready mix concrete, railway retarders and engine refurbishment. Group activities are based in Gauteng, Northern Province, Eatern Cape, Western Cape, Kwa-Zulu Natal, Mpumalanga and North Amercia."},"ASC":{"companyName":"Ascendis Health Ltd","ticker":"ASC","lastPrice":78,"bidPrice":81,"offerPrice":78,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"ATI":{"companyName":"Afristrat Inv Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"ATI","lastPrice":12,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"19 August 1994 - Incorporated under the name Cambourne International (Pty) Ltd.\n27 November 1995 - Name changed to E-Data (Pty) Ltd. (Founded in 1995 by James Stride).\n1 July 1998 - Edata was incorporated as an investment holding company and acquired E-data (Pty) Ltd.\n6 August 1998 - Listed on the JSE.\n23rd January 2003 - E-Data changed its' name to John Daniels Holdings Limited.\n\n29 August 2005 - The JDH Group increased its subsidiearies with the formation of Vinguard Ltd on 5 July 2004 and Lazaron Biotechnologies.\n\n1 July 2006 - John Daniel Containers Ltd was sold. \n\nSeptember 2010 - An agreement with Escalator Capital Limited (Escalator) was reached whereby by a further R3mil was made availbale to teh compnay. \n\nOct 14, 2020 — Changed from Ecsponent Limited to Afristrat Investment Holdings Ltd"},"ATID":{"companyName":"Afristrat D Pref Shares","ticker":"ATID","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"ATIG":{"companyName":"Afristrat G Pref Shares","ticker":"ATIG","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"ATT":{"companyName":"Attacq Limited","ticker":"ATT","lastPrice":1040,"bidPrice":1040,"offerPrice":1021,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"AVI":{"companyName":"AVI Ltd","ticker":"AVI","lastPrice":8953,"bidPrice":8990,"offerPrice":8805,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"AVI Limited (“the Company”), which is registered and incorporated in the Republic of South Africa with a primary listing on the JSE Limited (“JSE”) and a secondary listing on A2X, is a branded consumer products company. The Company registration number is 1944/017201/06. The Group comprises trading subsidiaries that manufacture, process, market and distribute branded consumer products in the food, beverage, footwear, apparel and cosmetics sectors.\n\nAVI LIMITED is home to many of South Africa’s leading and best-loved brands! Listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange and centred on the FMCG market, AVI’s extensive brand portfolio includes more than 50 brands.\nOur brands span a range of categories including: hot beverages, sweet and savoury biscuits and snacks, frozen convenience foods, out-of-home ranges, personal care products, cosmetics, footwear, accessories, and fashion apparel.\nWe have a well-developed Shared Services structure spanning: International, IT, Finance, Logistics, Marketing, Procurement and Field Marketing, that allows us to take advantage of our scale.\nWith a turnover of R14.92 Billion in this last financial year, AVI’s brands are a household name in South Africa and growing every day!"},"AYO":{"companyName":"Ayo Tech Solutions Ltd","ticker":"AYO","lastPrice":40,"bidPrice":40,"offerPrice":40,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"BAT":{"companyName":"Brait PLC","ticker":"BAT","lastPrice":115,"bidPrice":118,"offerPrice":114,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"5 May 1976 - Incorporated in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg under the name Tolux SA. (Listed on Johannesburg, Luxembourg and London Stock Exchanges).\n3 August 1998 - Name changed from Tolux SA to Brait SA."},"BAW":{"companyName":"Barloworld Ltd","ticker":"BAW","lastPrice":8863,"bidPrice":8985,"offerPrice":8732,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Brief look at highlights:\n\n1902 : Major Ernest (Billy) Barlow forms Thomas Barlow Sons in Durban, South Africa, an independent company based on the family business of the same name in England. Initially the company sells woollen goods, including blankets and coats, but within five years Billy Barlow expands to engineering components.\n1920 -1930 : In 1920, Billy Barlow opens an office in Johannesburg and in 1927 his eldest son, Charles Sydney, better known as Punch, joins the company. 1941 : Barlow shares are traded on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange for the first time. \n1959 : Barlow enters the motor business by acquiring Ford's Nagation Motors dealership.\n1960 : Barlow expands rapidly into many fields. In 1969 Barlow lists its shares on the London Stock Exchange.\n1970 : Barlow Rand is formed with the acquisition of Rand Mines Limited. Barlow Rand expands, adding cement, lime, stainless steel, televisions, paint and additional motor franchises to the mix. 1979 : Punch Barlow dies. The company moves into the USA following the acquisition of Wrenn Brothers (later Wrenn Brungart).\n1980 : Barlow Rand continues its path of growth through diversification into information technology, electrical engineering and textiles. \n1984 : The acquisition of J Bibby & Sons PLC in the UK provides a major springboard to further international expansion. \n1989 : This proves to be a peak year for Barlow Rand with profits of R1 billion and almost 240 000 employees. \n1990 – 1994 : During this period of political transition in South Africa, Barlow Rand plays a major part in helping the peaceful transition to democracy. \n1994 : The company unbundles non-core businesses during 1993/94 and a more focused and streamlined Barlow Limited is born.\n1995 – 1998 : The company continues to expand its global reach with the acquisition of Lanes Limited and Taubmanns in Australia. \n1999 : Tony Phillips appointed as Chief Executive Officer of Barlow. The company focuses on extension of the geographic spread of own brands internationally, expansion of the geographic footprint and range of international brands represented around the world and exiting non-core and underperforming business segments. \n2000 : The company changes its name to Barloworld. The renaming results in the introduction of a modern uniform corporate identity and the implementation of a global branding initiative. An investment in Freightliner dealerships in the US is initiated with the purchase of Bartons Freightliner as part of our strategy to seek new ranges of products in areas where we already operate. \n2001 : VBM continues to drive the fortunes of the group, and our real cost of capital target of 8% CFROI® is exceeded. The company continues to expand its global reach with the Sterling Freightliner dealership in the US, three motor dealerships in Australia, a laboratory company (Protean) based in the UK, and a cement business (Portland Holdings) in Zimbabwe. Disposals include PPC’s stakes in Natal Portland Cement and Ash Resources, our UK Coatings business, the Robor Stewarts & Lloyds steel distribution outlets, our half share of steel trading company Stemcor (South Africa) and our Mitsubishi motor dealerships in Australia. \n2003 : The Northwest Arkansas and Texarkana Freightliner truck dealerships in the US are acquired. Major Black Economic Empowerment deals include the formation of a 50:50 joint venture to distribute DaimlerChrysler products in the greater Durban metropolitan area. \n2004 : Barloworld establishes a formal Black Economic Empowerment policy. The doubling of our Caterpillar dealership territory in Siberia in partnership with Wagner results in an enlarged dealer territory of 9.9 million square kilometers – an area larger than the USA. \n2005 : The Hyster dealership in Northern Ireland, Hamilton Brush and Budget franchise in Sweden are acquired. \n2006 : The Avis and Budget franchises in Denmark acquired to consolidate the Scandinavian group of countries. \n2007 : The board announces that, following a comprehensive review of both the structure and strategic direction of the Group during the past year, PPC will be unbundled to shareholders and a R1 billion special dividend is announced. Tony Phillips stands down as CEO and Clive Thomson, formerly Finance Director, takes over as CEO. \n2014: Barloworld celebrates 20 years as a Caterpillar dealer in Zambia, Angola, Mozambique and Malawi; and 50 years in Botswana.\n2016: Barloworld celebrates 75 years on the JSE.\n2019: Barloworld Mbewu launched, a R30 million fund next generation approach to corporate social development geared towards scaling up social enterprises. Khula Sizwe Property Holdings B-BBEE empowerment transaction approved by shareholders, launched and oversubscribed. We celebrate 50 years’ partnership with Avis. Avis Fleet held-for-sale at 30 September 2019.\n\n2016 - 2021: \nIngrain acquired \nEquipment Mongolia\nSold motor retail assets to NMI-DSM\n75 years on the JSE \nKhula Sizwe B-BBEE empowerment transaction \napproved"},"BAWP":{"companyName":"Barworld Ltd 6%Pref","ticker":"BAWP","lastPrice":81,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"BCF":{"companyName":"Bowler Metcalf Ltd","ticker":"BCF","lastPrice":1082,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Bowler Metcalf was formed in 1972, listed in 1987, and is now classified under Containers and Packaging, General Industrials sector of the JSE. The Bowler Metcalf Group consists of two main operating divisions, Plastics (Bowler Plastics) and Filling (Quality Beverages)."},"BEL":{"companyName":"Bell Equipment Ltd","ticker":"BEL","lastPrice":2750,"bidPrice":2751,"offerPrice":2719,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1954 - Founded by Mr I Bell.\n15 November 1968 - Incorporated.\n5 April 1991 - Converted to a public company.\n24 May 1995 - Listed on the JSE\n1998 - Bell C-series ADT and Wheeled Loader range launched.\n2001 - Launch of the D-series articulated truck\nsets a new standard of excellence.\n2002 - World’s largest Articulated Dump Truck,\nthe Bell B50D, is unveiled.\n2003 - Truck assembly operations commence in Europe.\n2008 - Global logistics centre commissioned\nin Jet Park, Johannesburg.\n2009 - Bell takes over the Bomag dealership with\nthe German-based OEM.\n2011 - Bell secures distribution rights for\nLiebherr excavator in Africa."},"BHG":{"companyName":"BHP Group Limited","ticker":"BHG","lastPrice":55343,"bidPrice":55500,"offerPrice":54411,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"BID":{"companyName":"BID Corporation Ltd","ticker":"BID","lastPrice":43138,"bidPrice":44259,"offerPrice":43138,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"BIHLEB":{"companyName":"Brait Inv Hldgs Ltd EB","ticker":"BIHLEB","lastPrice":77010,"bidPrice":77010,"offerPrice":77010,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"BIK":{"companyName":"Brikor Ltd","ticker":"BIK","lastPrice":13,"bidPrice":13,"offerPrice":13,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Brikor Ltd is a manufacturer of clay bricks, roof tiles and clay pipes. On 18 May 2007 Brikor was converted to a public company, and listed on the Alt-X [JSE code: BIK, Short Name: BRIKOR]. \n\nBrikor has various manufacturing plants, mainly in Gauteng with production capacities in excess of 270 million bricks per annum, 18 million roof tiles per annum and 5 400 tons of clay pipes per annum. The new roof tile and paver plants was commissioned at Olifantsfontein in July 2007 and is increasing capacities of roof tiles to 40 million and pavers to 70 million per annum."},"BKI":{"companyName":"Buka Investments Limited","ticker":"BKI","lastPrice":73,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Placecol changed name to Skinwell on 27 July 2009.\nSkinwell changed its name to Imbalie Beauty Kimited on 13 June 2012.\n\nThe Imbalie Beauty Group Limited successfully delisted its subsidiaries from the JSE (Johannesburg Stock Exchange) on the 17 January 2022 and will now be known as the i-BLOOM group. \n\n\nSays CEO of i-BLOOM Solutions, Esna Colyn: “The delisting was a requirement from the group’s bankers, after receiving a Covid loan in October 2020. This provided the perfect opportunity for the group to continue with its vision of being the leading and most desirable skincare, beauty and wellness solutions group, nationally and internationally, but under the new name.”\n\nOn 18 May 2022, at a general meeting for shareholders the name of Imbalie Beauty was changed to Buka Investments. It is exciting to announce to shareholders that the repositioning and rebranding towards the Fashion industry of the Group has commenced."},"BLU":{"companyName":"Blue Label Telecoms Ltd","ticker":"BLU","lastPrice":431,"bidPrice":435,"offerPrice":420,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"In May 2001, The Prepaid Company (TPC), a subsidiary of Blue Label Investments (BLI), was granted a national licence to distribute Telkom fixed line prepaid cards. From humble beginnings, BLI soon realized the strategic imperative of developing and \"owning\" an extensive distribution network through which it could distribute large volumes of secure electronic tokens of value, differentiated mainly by product type, numerous mechanisms of distribution and the geographic locality of the point of sale.\n\nIn 2003, the BLI acquired a 35% stake in Oxigen India, a company that was primarily focused on the electronic distribution of prepaid airtime for Indian telecom operators. Today Oxigen is India's leading IT enabled multi services platform and virtual distributor of recharges, prepaid subscriptions and bill payments. This includes the electronic distribution of prepaid and postpaid airtime for the continents leading telecom operators.\n\nPrior to its listing in the Telecoms sector on the Main Board of the JSE Limited in November 2007, BLI was restructured around its core telephony assets and renamed Blue Label Telecoms. On the 7th November 2007, Blue Label Telecoms and Microsoft Corporation (Microsoft) announced Microsoft's acquisition of a 12% equity stake in Blue Label Telecoms and the signing of strategic collaboration agreements to jointly pursue preferred partnership initiatives in developing economies.\n\nIn January 2008, Blue Label Telecoms and Microsoft announced their first preferred partnership initiative as Microsoft acquired a 38.85% stake in Oxigen India and Blue Label Telecoms increased its initial stake to 38.85%.\n\nThrough its local footprint of touch points which extends to the foremost retailers, petroleum forecourts, independent retailers and wholesalers in South Africa, Blue Label Telecoms has evolved into a super distributor of virtual and physical prepaid airtime and telephony products for South Africa's mobile and fixed line telecoms operators.\n\n2011\nFebruary\nJune\nCelebrates 10 years in business\nTermination of business activities in Nigeria\nIncreases equity stake in Oxigen Services India\nAugust\nDividend No. 2 of 14 cents per share declared\nLaunch of Blue Label Academy, the internal skills development portal for all staff\nNovember\nShare buyback and subsequent cancellation of 91,8 million Blue Label shares from Microsoft\nThe launch of the first Parkrun SA Delta Park enterprise development initiative\nDecember\nBlue Label qualifies for inclusion in the MSCI Global Small Cap Index\nCommenced strategic alliance with Grupo Bimbo taking stake in Blue Label Mexico.\n\n2012\nJanuary\nSale of equity stake in SharedPhone International\nAcquires 100% of equity in Multiserv. \nAugust - Dividend No. 3 of 23 cents per share declared."},"BRN":{"companyName":"Brimstone Inv Corp Ltd-N","ticker":"BRN","lastPrice":455,"bidPrice":455,"offerPrice":450,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"BRT":{"companyName":"Brimstone Inv Corp Ltd","ticker":"BRT","lastPrice":465,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Brimstone is a black controlled and managed investment company that seeks above-average returns through the provision of capital, management expertise, and impeccable empowerment credentials. From inception, Brimstone has enjoyed strong community backing adhering to its philosophy of being profitable, empowering, and making a difference to the lives of the people with whom it is involved.\n\nBrimstone listed on the JSE on July 8 1998, following a preferential and public placing at 400 cents per share. At the time, the principle activity of the company was as an investment holding company investing chiefly in the branded consumer goods and financial services markets.\n\nStrategic partnerships are continually evaluated with the intention of merging the skills and credentials of Brimstone and other key players in financial services and industrial investments where synergies exist. Such is the case with short-term insurer, Lion of Africa Insurance Company, where Brimstone formed a consortium with Commlife Holdings and joint partner Santam. Since its formation in 1999, Lion of Africa Insurance Company has continued to build its impressive portfolio of corporate clients in the private and public sectors, and the group looks forward to a meaningful contribution to profits in the future. On the 17 December2009, Brimstone acquired a further 35% equity interest in the Lion of Africa Insurance company, bringing its total holding to 74%.\n\nIn evaluating opportunities in the financial services sector, Brimstone's underlying philosophy remains unchanged. The group seeks to involve itself in business ventures that deliver a sustainable stream of quality earnings. The businesses should be profitable, empowering, and in which Brimstone can add value and have a positive social impact."},"BSR":{"companyName":"Basil Read Holdings Ltd","ticker":"BSR","lastPrice":4,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1987 - Listed on the JSE.\n1990 - The company established its successful opencast contract mining operations."},"BTI":{"companyName":"British American Tob plc","ticker":"BTI","lastPrice":56932,"bidPrice":57500,"offerPrice":56780,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"British American Tobacco has been in business for more than 100 years, trading through the turbulence of wars, revolutions and nationalisations as well as all the controversy surrounding smoking.\n\nThe business was formed in 1902, as a joint venture between the UK’s Imperial Tobacco Company and the American Tobacco Company founded by James ‘Buck’ Duke.\n\nDespite its name, derived from the home bases of its two founding companies, British American Tobacco was established to trade outside both the UK and the USA, and grew from its roots in dozens of countries across Africa, Asia, Latin America and continental Europe."},"BTN":{"companyName":"Burstone Group Limited","ticker":"BTN","lastPrice":677,"bidPrice":678,"offerPrice":673,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The Fund is a limited liability, variable loan stock company formed with the purpose of investing in direct real estate, where the Manager and Directors believe there is potential for income generation and capital growth.\n\nThe Fund will include a geographic and sectoral spread of assets underpinned by strong rental income.\n\nThe intention is to grow the Fund by acquiring income producing properties that will enhance the overall capital and income returns of the Fund in the medium to long term.\n\nThe capital structure of the Fund comprises a Linked Unit being one Share linked to one variable rate, unsecured, subordinated Debenture.\nThe attractiveness of the Fund is refl ected both in the nature and quality of the Property Portfolio and the experience and track record of the Manager."},"BVT":{"companyName":"Bidvest Ltd","ticker":"BVT","lastPrice":25800,"bidPrice":26123,"offerPrice":25706,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1988 Chipkins, the first acquisition, followed shortly thereafter by Seaworld. The start of the Bidfood. \n \n1989 Acquisition of Afcom. \n \n1990 Bid Corporation becomes the pyramid holding company of Bidvest. \n \n1991 Acquisition of Steiner Services - beginning of the hygiene services business. \n \n1992 Crown Mills holdings acquired and merged with National Spice to form Crown National. \n \n1993 Safcor Freight acquired - the start of Bidfreight. Prestige Cleaning Services acquired and grouped with Steiner to form Bidserv. \n \n1994 Rights offer raises R300 million, 10-for-1 share sub-division. \n \n1995 First steps to international expansion taken - 50,1% of Australian Stock Exchange-listed Manettas acquired and renamed Bidvest Australia . \n \n1996 Empowerment programmes begin with Women Investment Portfolio Holdings and Worldwide African Investment Holdings each acquiring a 5% shareholding in Bidvest. \n \n1997 100% of Waltons Stationery Group acquired, Bid Corporation unbundled and Bidvest incorporated into the JSE industrial index. \n \n1998 Bidvest plc, incorporating Bidvest Australia , was created with dual listings in Australia and Luxembourg . Acquisition of Lithotech. \n \n1999 Booker Foodservice, renamed 3663 First for Foodservice, acquired by Bidvest plc. Acquisition of Rennies Group. \n \n2000 Acquisition of Island View Storage. Banking licence granted to Rennies Bank, and 77% of I-Fusion acquired. Bidvest plc enters the New Zealand foodservice market with the acquisition of Crean Foodservice renamed Crean First for FoodServices. \n \n2001 John Lewis Foodservice acquired and incorporated into Bidvest Australia , creating the leading foodservice distributor in Australia . The Group wide-area network, Bidnet, developed by I-Fusion., Bidvest's e-commerce initiative launched. \n \n2002 Acquisition of 56,7% of LSE-listed Jacobs Holdings plc, which was renamed Bidcorp plc, to form the base for the international expansion of Bidfreight. Paragon acquired and merged with Lithotech. Remaining 68% of Voltex acquired, to form part of The Commercial Products Division. The minority shareholding in I-Fusion acquired. \n \n2003 Danel, the largest business forms manufacturing and distribution operation in France, acquired and renamed Lithotech France. The Bidvest Academy, a Group training and development programme, launched. Ground breaking black economic empowerment initiative with Dinatla Investment Holdings announced. Small strategic foodservice acquisitions in the United Kingdom, Australian and New Zealand markets. \n \n2004 R2.1 billion BEE transaction for 15% of Bidvest with Dinatla finalised. McCarthy, South Africa's second largest motor retailer, acquired for R980 million. Acquisition of minority interests of Bidvest plc. \n \n2005 Cyril Ramaphosa takes the reins as chairman. Successful buyout of Bidcorp plc minority interest. Acquisition of 20% in Tiger Wheels. G Fox acquired. \n \n2006 Acquires 100% Netherlands foodservice company of Deli Xl, and a controlling stake in Horeca Trade, a small Dubai-based foodservice disributor. Concludes sale of Dartline Shipping for 58,9 million (R650 million) and loss-making Lithotech France. Global footprint is expanded through investment to develop and maintain operate Mumbai International Airport. Non-executive component of the board is strengthened. \n \n2007 Acquired 100% of Angliss, a leading foodservice wholesaler and distributor in Singapore, Hong Kong and china. Negotiations finalised to acquire Viamax Holdings. Rennies Bank renamed Bidvest Bank. Black economic empowerment partnership with Dinatla Consortium refinanced and extended for five years. A R4.5 billion domestic medium-term note programme set up. \n2008 R1,5 billion raised via domestic loan. Viamax acquisition concluded. Revenue exceeds R100 billion for the first time. \n2009\nThe Bidvest business model was tested by the worst economy in its 21‑year history and has risen to the challenge of the “new normal”.\n2010\nThe Nowaco and Farutex Group, foodservice businesses operating in Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland was acquired for €250 million.\n2011\nSeafood Holdings, market leading fresh fish foodservice business in the United Kingdom acquired for GBP45 million. Realignment of South African based businesses (excluding food businesses) into Bidvest South Africa. Businesses grouped into similar product and service offerings."},"BWN":{"companyName":"Balwin Properties Ltd","ticker":"BWN","lastPrice":197,"bidPrice":224,"offerPrice":197,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"BYI":{"companyName":"Bytes Technology Grp PLC","ticker":"BYI","lastPrice":12181,"bidPrice":12389,"offerPrice":12081,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"CAA":{"companyName":"CA Sales Holdings Ltd","ticker":"CAA","lastPrice":1234,"bidPrice":1234,"offerPrice":1203,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"CAC":{"companyName":"Cafca Limited","ticker":"CAC","lastPrice":310,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"CAFCA is the only cable manufacturer in Zimbabwe. It was established in 1947 and is listed under the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange, Johannesburg and London Stock Exchanges. CAFCA is part of CBi Electric African Cables (RSA), which in turn is owned by Reunert Limited (RSA)."},"CAT":{"companyName":"Caxton CTP Publish Print","ticker":"CAT","lastPrice":1001,"bidPrice":1015,"offerPrice":990,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1902\nTwo enterprising businessmen in Pretoria, William Gindra and Edward Green, established a small stationery and general printing factory in Pretorius Street, Pretoria called Caxton. They selected the “Lion” as the company emblem.\n\n1920’s\nThe company increased its volume of production at a custom-built factory situated in Sunnyside, Pretoria.\n\n1947\nDr HJ van der Bijl, Chairman of the Board, brought a new vision to the company and in the same year, Caxton Ltd, went public.\n\n1950’s\nCaxton found it difficult to compete with the opposition in Johannesburg and began to consider transferring from Pretoria to Johannesburg.\n\n1961\nCaxton changed ownership to Eagle Press and at the same time acquired its first newspaper, The South African Jewish Times.\nThe Caxton operation moved to Doornfontein, Johannesburg continuing its production in a small sheetfed factory.\nCaxton continued its trading on the Stock Exchange under the name Caxton Ltd.\n\n1968\nCaxton was purchased by Felix Stark of Felstar Publications.\nStark included a weekly supplement, The Germiston Eagle, in the South African Jewish Times - which proved to be the forerunner of community newspapers in South Africa.\n\n1970\nWithout a Web press, Caxton could not print its own newspapers and therefore ordered one from Rockwell-Goss of the USA. Installation ran at a total cost of R69 000.\n\n1971\nFelix Stark, after an overseas visit, favoured the idea of Caxton producing community free-sheets along the lines of the American “knock and drop” system.\nThe very first such newspaper was a monthly free sheet, the Blackheath Times, which covered the current area of today’s Northcliff Melville Times.\n\n1978\nBy now there were eight newspapers either fortnightly or monthly, these became weeklies - the Sandton Chronicle, North Eastern Tribune, Northcliff and Blackheath Times, Randburg Sun, Southern Courier, Mayfair-Brixton, Newlands-Melville Telegraph, Rosebank Killarney Gazette and the Roodepoort Record.\n\nIt was at this time that Terrence Moolman and Noel Coburn bought into the two million rand turnover operation - an operation which in ten years would have a turnover of R800-million.\n\n1979\nThe two new Managing Directors, using their different business styles and an “eye for the gap in the market” concluded an agreement with the Argus Group, enabling them to acquire the modern production plant in Industria.\n\n1985\nCTP (Cape and Transvaal Printers), a R100-million printing company, was acquired in a reverse take-over, enabling Caxton to meet its demand for the high speed, high quality printing of newspapers, magazines and advertising inserts.\n\n1987\nKNL Web Printers in Isando was bought from Nasionale Pers and Barlows.\nSolchem, the largest supplier of newspaper ink was also acquired.\nCaxton and the Argus Newspaper Group started a joint venture, the Newspaper Marketing Bureau (NMB), to market print media to national advertisers.\n\n1988\nHortors Ltd was acquired, enhancing the ability of CTP to match all competition in the printing and packaging fields.\n\n1994\nSouth Africa became a multiparty democracy.\n\n1995 - 1997\nIn January 1995 Caxton broke ties with the Argus Group which was sold to the Independent Group of Ireland, owned by Tony O’Reilly\nCaxton / CTP consolidated various subsidiary companies under the CTP banner & formed a partnership with the National Empowerment Consortium (NEC).\n\n1998\nIn July 1998, Caxton and Perskor merged to form a new company with a turnover in excess of R2 billion a year – resulting in a reinforced ownership of community newspapers, magazines and printing works.\nIn the negotiations, The Citizen, a daily publication was also acquired.\n\n1999 – 2002\nPeriod of consolidation resulting from the merger with Perskor; major preparation undertaken with the necessary equipment transmitting digital material particularly in the pre-press stage.\n\nTODAY\nToday Caxton / CTP is recognised as one of the largest publishers and printers of books, magazines, newspapers and commercial print in South Africa. The story of Caxton may be likened to the mighty oak tree of today, which grew from the humble acorn of yesterday.\n\nCTP was recognised as one of the top companies in the Financial Mails’ 2002 survey. CTP is involved in various fields of the publishing and printing business i.e. newspapers, magazines, commercial print, book printing, stationery, packaging and labels, as well as manufacturing ink for web presses. The Group employs approximately 5 500 people based throughout South Africa.\nThe Newspaper Division stables 88 free and sold Caxton owned or co-owned titles.\n\n\nfocused in the metropoles and key jewels in the mini metropoles with a combined circulation/print order of over 2 million copies \noperates in 8 of the 9 provinces \nhas 50 offices around the country \nemploys approximately 1 200 staff \nnewspapers are printed at 9 press sites \n\nThe Magazine Division boasts 15 titles: - covers the interest fields of family, woman, home, lifestyle and decor, lifestyle and entertainment, religion and farming.\n\nemploys just over 300 people \nmagazines printed in Johannesburg, Cape Town as well as Durban where recently R100 million was spent on purchasing new gravure presses"},"CATP":{"companyName":"Caxton CTP Publish 6%Pf","ticker":"CATP","lastPrice":9515,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"CFR":{"companyName":"Compagnie Fin Richemont","ticker":"CFR","lastPrice":291000,"bidPrice":293609,"offerPrice":282199,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Richemont was created in 1988 by the spin-off of international assets owned by Rembrandt Group Limited of South Africa (now known as Remgro Limited). Established by Dr Anton Rupert in the 1940s, Rembrandt Group owned significant interests in the tobacco, financial services, wines and spirits, gold and diamond mining industries as well as the luxury goods investments that, along with the investment in Rothmans International, would form Richemont. \n1988 \nFormation of Richemont. Richemont owns minority holding in Cartier Monde SA and Rothmans International which also holds investments in Cartier monde, Alfred Dunhill and, through Alfred Dunhill, Montblanc and Chloé. \n1989 \nRichemont acquires Philip Morris' 30 per cent interest in Rothmans International. \n1993 \nSeparation of Richemont's tobacco and luxury goods operations into Rothmans International BV/PLC and Vendôme Luxury Group SA/PLC respectively. \n1995 \nBuyout of Rothmans International minority shareholders Formation of NetHold pay television group, in which Richemont holds 50 per cent interest. \n1996 \nMerger of Richemont's tobacco interests with those in South Africa held by Rembrant Group Limited, Richemont owns 67 per cent of enlarged tobacco group. Acquisition of watchmakers Vacheron Constantin by Vendôme Luxury Group. \n1997 \nMerger of NetHold with Canal+ of France, Richemont acquires 15 per cent of Canal+ Acquisition of watchmaker Officine Panerai and leather goods brand Lancel by Vendôme Luxury Group. \n1998 \nBuyout of Vendôme Luxury Group minority shareholders, Richemont owns 100 per cent of luxury goods interests. \n1999 \nMerger of Rothmans International with British American Tobacco. Richemont holds 23.3 per cent effective interest in the enlarged British American Tobacco Acquisition of a controlling 60 per cent interest in Van Cleef & Arpels, one of the world's most renowned jewellery Maisons Richemont disposes of its 15 per cent interest in Canal + in exchange for a 2.9 per cent interest in Vivendi. \n2000 \nReduction in the Group's effective interest in British American Tobacco to 21 per cent through partial disposal of holding of preference shares Disposal of Vivendi interest, represents exit from pay-television and electronic media investments Acquisition of Jaeger-LeCoultre, IWC and A. Lange & Söhne. \n2001 \nRichemont acquires a further 20 per cent interest in Van Cleef & Arpels. In November 2001, Richemont units were split in the ratio of 100 to 1. \n2003 \nRichemont acquires the remaining 20 per cent interest in Van Cleef & Arpels that it did not previously own, bringing that company into full ownership by the Group.\nRichemont acquires the final 10 per cent of A. Lange & Söhne that was previously held by members of the Lange family.\n2004 \nIn June 2004, holders of warrants over British American Tobacco (BAT) preference shares exercise their rights and have preference shares converted into new ordinary shares in BAT. Richemont's effective interest in BAT reduced to 18.6 per cent in June 2004. \n2005 \nRichemont announces in March 2005 that it has marginally reduced its interest in British American Tobacco p.l.c. ('BAT') to 18.2 percent through the indirect sale of 12,854,457 BAT shares to its joint venture partner, Remgro Limited. \nRichemont announces sale of Hackett Limited. \n2006\nRichemont announces in March that it has entered into an agreement with Tercade SA, a holding company controlled by Mr Olivier Goldberg, for the sale of its interest in its subsidiary, Old England SA. \n2007\nRichemont and Remgro reach agreement with British American Tobacco plc whereby their combined equity interest in BAT may increase through the 30% limit without any obligation to make a full bid for the shares that they do not already own. Richemont and Remgro's effective interests have increased as BAT's share buyback programme reduces the overall number of shares in issue; Richemont and Remgro do not participate in the buyback. \nRichemont and Polo Ralph Lauren announce the formation of The Polo Ralph Lauren Watch and Jewellery Company.\nRichemont acquired an interest in Azzedine Alaia, a niche fashion house brand in Paris.\n2008\nRichemont acquires 60 per cent interest in Manufacture Roger Dubuis SA.\nRichemont announced its planned restructuring. This involves the separation of Richemont's luxury goods business from its other interests.\nFormation of Reinet Investments S.C.A. as a separately traded vehicle for holding the non-luxury goods businesses formerly held by Richemont."},"CGN":{"companyName":"Cognition Holdings Ltd","ticker":"CGN","lastPrice":101,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1 December 1995 - Incorporated as a cc under the name Bumperprops 1049.\n4 July 1997 - Converted to a private company and changed its name to VM Value Marketing (Pty) Ltd.\n30 March 1999 - Converted to a public company and changed its name to Interconnective Solutions Ltd.\n22 April 1999 - Listed on the JSE."},"CGR":{"companyName":"Calgro M3 Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"CGR","lastPrice":565,"bidPrice":584,"offerPrice":552,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1995 - Calgro Development founded Derek and Deon Steyn. \n\n2001 - Calgro M3 established founded by Ben - Pierre and Brand Malherbe. \n\n2007 - Calgro M3 will develop 3 000 low cost homes to individual owners, equating 6.5% of the entire provincial yield. \n\n2007 - Calgro M3 to list of AltX.\n\n2008 - Listed on the Yield X on 11 October 2008 \n- Acquisition of 37.5% minority shares in Refihlile Consulting in the Fleurhof Project.\n- Delivery of the first Pennyville units by the Mayor and MEC for Housing"},"CHP":{"companyName":"Choppies Enterprises Ltd","ticker":"CHP","lastPrice":60,"bidPrice":61,"offerPrice":54,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"CKS":{"companyName":"Crookes Brothers Ltd","ticker":"CKS","lastPrice":3210,"bidPrice":3210,"offerPrice":3210,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1895 S Crookes & Sons: Partnership registered. Sugar farming and milling operations at Renishaw.\n1900 Construction of enlarged Renishaw mill. \n1913 Incorporation: Crookes Brothers Ltd was formed and then purchased the business operations of S Crookes & Sons.\n1929 Purchase of Isonti farm (adjoining Renishaw).\n1948 Shares listed on Johannesburg Stock Exchange. Purchase of Cedars Farm.\n1961 Aquisition of Crookes Plantations Ltd, Swaziland.\n1962 Subdivision of the company's 250 000 ordinary shares of R2 each into 500 000 shares of R1 each.\n1975 Sale of Renishaw mill and milling rights to Reynolds Brothers Ltd. \n1978 Purchase of Langespruit Estate, Doornkop area.\n1980 Aquisition of : Riversbend Citrus & Sugar Estates, Nkwalini, Perseverance Sugar Company, Nkwalini and Mount Albert Estates, Doornkop.\n1981 Aquisition of Bar J Ltd, Swaziland.\n1985 Establishment of Crocworld, Scottburgh.\n1986 Aquisition of Nyati Sugar Estates, Nkwalini. \n1987 Purchase of Quarrie Farms, Napier district of the Western Cape.\n1989 \nPurchase of Kykoedie farm, Napier, Umkomaas and Amanxala farms in Komatipoort.\n1990 Aquisition of: Etten Sugar & Citrus Estates, Nkwalini. Cane expansion at Bar J farms. Citrus expansion at Nkwalini and Swaziland.\n1992 Purchase of deciduous fruit farm Ouwerf, Western Cape. Banana expansion at Amanxala. Sale of Isonti farm, South Coast.\n1993 Cane expansion at Amanxala, 276 hectares over a two year period (1993/94, 1994/95).\n1995 Purchase of deciduous fruit farm Belleview, Western Cape.\n1996 Purchase of Middleburg and Oskop farms, Napier. Purchase of deciduous fruit farm Klein Lushoff, Western Cape.\n1997 Purchase of cane farm Taurus, Doornkop. Cane and banana expansion at Amanxala: 161 hectares.\n1998 Purchase of cane and banana farm Nico's Kamp, Komatipoort. Cane and banana expansion at Amanxala and Nico's Kamp. Purchase of deciduous fruit farm Libertas, Western Cape.\n1999 Purchase of Panorama farm, Napier district of the Western Cape. Cane and banana expansion at Nico's Camp, Kamatipoort.\n2000 Sale of the company's investment in CG Smith Ltd which generated a capital surplus of R41,2 million. Special dividend paid to shareholders amounting to R 3.00 per issued share (R36mil).\n2002 Purchase of a grain farm adjoining existing farms in the Napier district, Western Cape. Purchase of the farms Nil Desperandum and Shalom in the Komatipoort area.\n2003 Purchase of the sugar cane farm Seekoegat, Komatipoort, Mpumalanga. Closing down of the citrus growing and packing operations in the Big Bend area of Swaziland.\n2007 Sale of the Middelrug and Oskop grain farms in the Napier district. Purchase of the deciduous fruit farm Dennebos in the Vyeboom area of the Western Cape.\n2008 Purchase of the Vyeboom Boerdery deciduous fruit farm."},"CLH":{"companyName":"City Lodge Hotels Ltd","ticker":"CLH","lastPrice":419,"bidPrice":420,"offerPrice":415,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Founder was Swiss born Hans Enderle.\n1 August 1985- first lodge opened.\n1990 - 2nd tier Town Lodge concept was started \n18 November 1992 - Listed on the JSE.\n1995- acquired 50% interest in the companies associated with the upmarket Courtyard chain.\n1995- opened its 1st Road Lodge\n1995- on the occassion of the group's 10th anniversary on 1 August 1995, the City Lodge 10th Anniversary Share Trust was launched which enabled all employees to become shareholders.\n2003- sells more than 1 million room nights for the 1st time in a financial year\n2004 - the group again announces record results and for the first time in a financial year, achives a net profit in access of R100 million.\n2004- with six Courtyards (424 rooms), eleven City Lodges( 1685 rooms), Seven Town lodges (815 rooms) and thirteen Road Lodges(1125 rooms), the City Lodge group has 4049 rooms and ranks amongst the 250 largest hotel chains in the world."},"CLI":{"companyName":"Clientele Ltd","ticker":"CLI","lastPrice":1060,"bidPrice":1060,"offerPrice":1002,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"CLS":{"companyName":"Clicks Group Ltd","ticker":"CLS","lastPrice":30755,"bidPrice":31009,"offerPrice":30609,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"New Clicks Holdings goes back 40 years to 1968 when entrepreneurial retailer Jack Goldin opened the first Clicks store. While Clicks was originally conceived as a drugstore, regulations governing pharmacy ownership meant that it operated as a drugstore without the drugs until legislation was changed in 2003, enabling the business to fulfil its founding vision. These milestones outline the highlights of the group over the past four decades.\n\n1968, August\nFirst Clicks store opens in St Georges Street, Cape Town\n1971, June\nClicks expands outside the Western Cape, initially to Durban and then to Johannesburg\n1979, March\nClicks Stores Limited listed on the JSE with a market capitalisation of R10 million\n1980, June\nGroup annual turnover exceeds R50 million for the first time; 31 stores\n1983, June\nGroup turnover exceeds R100 million; 44 stores\n1983, October\nClickdin Limited listed as a holding company on the JSE, with 50% of the issued share capital of Clicks Stores Limited\n1984, March\nAcquisition of Discom, comprising 11 stores\n1987, August\nTrevor Honneysett appointed managing director\n1988, July\nJack Goldin sells control of the company to Score Food Group\n1991, February \nGroup turnover exceeds R500 million; 155 stores\n1991, July\nJack Goldin resigns from the board \n1992, April\nAcquisition of Musica, the country’s leading music retail brand, at a cost of R1.2 million\n1992, July\nControl of the group moves to The Premier Group Limited \n1994, April\nTurnover exceeds R1 billion; 330 stores\n1995, August\nClubCard loyalty programme launched in the Western Cape – first of its kind in Africa\n1995, November\nThe assets of The Clicks Group Limited are sold to a subsidiary of Malbak Limited, New Clicks Holdings Limited\n1996, March\nNew Clicks Holdings listed on the JSE with a market capitalisation of R880 million \n1996\nClubCard loyalty programme rolled out nationally in July, and in November, reaches 1 million membership\n1997, April\nMalbak unbundles through the distribution of its holdings to shareholders. The company has no controlling shareholder for the first time. David Nurek appointed chairman.\n1997, August\nGroup turnover R1.9 billion; operating profit R100 million (pre-IFRS); 409 stores\n1997, September\nAcquisition of Compact Disc Wherehouse, a specialist music store\n1998, July\nNew Clicks expands to Australia with the acquisition of the 70-store Priceline chain for R176.5 million from Jack Goldin\n1998, August\nGroup turnover R2.3 billion; operating profit R132 million (pre-IFRS); 524 stores\n1999, August\nGroup turnover R3.4 billion; operating profit R178 million (pre-IFRS); 584 stores\n1999, August\nAcquisition of a 30% interest in the Link Investment Trust. The stake was later increased to 56%.\n2000, August\nGroup turnover R4.0 billion; operating profit R241 million (pre-IFRS); 628 stores\n2000, December\nAcquisition of House in Australia, a 66-store homeware franchise brand, for R168 million\n2001, March\nAcquisition of Modisons, a discount retail chain in KwaZulu-Natal, for R20 million, which was then integrated into Discom\n2001, August\nGroup turnover R4.4 billion; operating profit R263 million (pre-IFRS); 684 stores + 68 franchise stores in Australia\n2001, November\nThe Body Shop opens its first store in Africa, at Sandton City in Johannesburg, through a franchise agreement with The Body Shop International \n2002, May\nFirst Intercare facility opens in Lynnwood, Pretoria. The group held an 80% interest in this venture until disposing of it to the minority shareholders in March 2004.\n2002, July\nAcquisition of Price Attack in Australia, a speciality haircare franchise brand comprising 94 stores, for R89 million\n2002, August\nGroup turnover R5.5 billion; operating profit R319 million (pre-IFRS); 699 stores + 177 franchise stores in Australia\n2002, September\nPriceline Pharmacy launched in Australia\n2003, January\nAcquisition of wholesale distribution company, New United Pharmaceutical Distributors (UPD) at a cost of R281 million\n2003, April\nLegislation passed enabling dispensaries to be introduced into Clicks stores\n2003, August\nCompetition Tribunal grants approval for acquisition of PM&A pharmacy group\n2003, August\nGroup turnover R7.4 billion; operating profit R334 million (pre-IFRS); 729 stores + 191 franchise stores in Australia\n2004, January\nNew Clicks Australia sold to a consortium of private equity investors for A$107 million \n2004, March \nFirst Clicks pharmacy opens in Sea Point, Cape Town\n2004, August\nGroup turnover R8.0 billion; operating profit R392 million (pre-IFRS); 681 stores\n2005, February\nMichael Harvey takes over as managing director of Clicks\n2005, August\nGroup turnover R8.7 billion; operating profit R329 million; 663 stores\n2005, September\nKeith Warburton appointed as chief financial officer\n2006, January\nChief executive Trevor Honneysett retires; international retail specialist David Kneale appointed as successor\n2006, July\nAppointment of Bertina Engelbrecht as group human resources director\n2006, July\nClicks opens its 100th dispensary in Knysna\n2006, August\nGroup turnover R10.0 billion; operating profit R393 million; 664 stores\n2006, September\nClicks introduces a branded credit card as an extension of its successful ClubCard loyalty programme\n2006, October\nMusica Megastores launched through the conversion of CD Wherehouse stores\n2007, June\nUPD completes the automated extension to its ethical warehouse in Lea Glen, Gauteng\n2007, August\nGroup turnover R10.0 billion; operating profit R494 million; 500 stores (excluding Discom)\n2007, September\nSale of Discom to Edcon for net cash proceeds of R216 million\n2007, September\nRalph Lorenz appointed as managing director of Musica\n2008, January\nUPD acquires Kalahari Medical Distributors in Botswana for approximately R5 million\n2008, March\nThree black female directors appointed to the board\n2008, July\nThe 150th Clicks Pharmacy opens at Hyde Park shopping centre, Johannesburg\n2008, August\nClicks celebrates its 40th birthday\n2008, August\nThe purchase of a 60% stake in courier pharmacy, Direct Medicines, for R13.2 million is announced, expected to be effective September 2008.\n\n\n2009, June\nNew Clicks Holdings changes its name to Clicks Group Limited, listed in Food and Drug Retailers sector on the JSE. \n\n2009, August \n200th Clicks Pharmacy opens at Constantia Village Shopping Centre in Cape Town\n \n2010, August \nClicks opens its 250th pharmacy in the Gardens Centre, Cape Town\n \n2010, September \nClicks Group qualifies for the JSE Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) Index for the first time\n \n2010, October \nBroad-based equity ownership scheme launched for all Clicks Group employees\n\n2011, February\nLaunch of Clicks Helping Hand Trust\n\n2011, August\n400th Clicks store opens"},"CMH":{"companyName":"Combined Motor Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"CMH","lastPrice":2760,"bidPrice":2779,"offerPrice":2700,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1987 - Listed on the JSE."},"CML":{"companyName":"Coronation Fund Mngrs Ld","ticker":"CML","lastPrice":3274,"bidPrice":3297,"offerPrice":3255,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Coronation Fund Managers Limited is one of the largest third-party asset management companies in the country and regarded as a leader in the industry. We are a South African company with specialist international capabilities, offering a complete range of traditional fund management and international multi-manager investment products to institutional and individual investors. Our clients include some of the largest retirement funds, medical schemes and multimanager companies in South Africa, many of the major banking and insurance groups, selected investment advisory businesses, prominent independent financial advisors, high-net-worth individuals and direct unit trust account holders. \n\nOur vision is to deliver investment excellence to our clients - excellence of investment performance, innovative products and client service.\n\nWe are an independent investment business focused on the long term, with a strong culture of staff ownership and entrepreneurial flair. Our people are independent thinkers with shared values and the ability to achieve with passion and energy. With a singular focus on fund management, we strive to be the best in all we do.\n\nLocated in Southern Africa, the United Kingdom and Ireland, Coronation is also the only asset management company listed on the JSE.\n\nCoronation currently manages assets of R176 billion."},"CMO":{"companyName":"Chrometco Ltd","ticker":"CMO","lastPrice":6,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Chrometco Limited (the company) is involved in the exploration of mineral resources projects and the possible beneficiation thereof.\nIngonyama Holdings (Proprietary) Limited is a dormant subsidiary of the company.\nRooderand Chrome (Proprietary) Limited is currently in the process of being sold by the company and is otherwise dormant.\nKorpo Trust (Proprietary) Limited is currently in the process of being sold by the company and is otherwise dormant."},"CND":{"companyName":"Conduit Capital Ltd","ticker":"CND","lastPrice":4,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"2 September 1998 - Incorporated under the name EPI-USE Holdings Ltd\n7 January 1999 - Changed its name to The Appleton Group Ltd.\n3 March 1999 - Listed on the JSE.\n20 November 2000 - Changed name from The Appleton Group Ltd to TAG Ltd.\n2 January 2001 - Name changed from The Appleton Group Ltd to IMR Investments Ltd."},"COH":{"companyName":"Curro Holdings Limited","ticker":"COH","lastPrice":1076,"bidPrice":1087,"offerPrice":1071,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Curro Holdings was founded in 1998 with 28 learners receiving tuition in a church building in Durbanville and has since grown into a market leader in the provision of affordable, quality private school education. The company currently consists of 12 Curro campuses nationwide. Commencing 2012, there will be 14 Curro schools in the group. The strategic intent is to develop between three to five campuses per annum and to be 40 Curro Private schools by 2020, accommodating more or less 40 000 learners from age 4 to Gr 12.\n\nCurro currently provides education to 5 500 learners in 12 schools. It is clear that the group’s growth has been steep, considering that there were 3 030 learners at the beginning of 2010.\n\nWe are very excited to announce that Curro Holdings will be listed on the AltX on 2 June 2011. The aim is to raise R320 million to build new campuses over the next couple of years.\n\nThe private school concept became more popular during 1995 and is still gaining much support in all our South African provinces.\n\nParents in the Western Cape currently enjoy a choice of four Curro schools. Curro Durbanville has grown into a lovely campus with 1 200 learners. Curro Langebaan surprised everybody and after just four years, this school boasts with 700 learners. The new Curro Hermanus campus is almost complete and will open its doors in July this year. Another exciting venture is Curro Mossel Bay which officially opens in January 2012.\n\nOur other campuses are: Curro Hazeldean Primary and Curro College Hazeldean, Curro Aurora, Curro Roodeplaat, Curro Helderwyk and Curro Serengeti Academy in Gauteng, Curro Bankenveld in Mpumalanga and Curro Heuwelkruin in Limpopo.\n\nWe invite parents who wish to enroll their children at a Curro Private School to speak to an enrolment officer at one of the relevant schools."},"CPI":{"companyName":"Capitec Bank Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"CPI","lastPrice":227000,"bidPrice":228241,"offerPrice":224398,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"23 November 1999 - Incorporated as a private company in South Africa under the name Business Venture Investments No 285 (Pty) Ltd.\n19 July 2000 - The company changed its name to Prosimian (Pty) Ltd.\n14 June 2001 - The company converted to a public company and changed its name to Keynes Rational Ltd.\n11 February 2002 - The company changed its name to Capitec Bank Holdings Ltd.\n18 February 2002 - Listed on the JSE."},"CPIP":{"companyName":"Capitec Bank Hldgs Pref","ticker":"CPIP","lastPrice":10000,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"CPP":{"companyName":"Collins Property Grp Ltd","ticker":"CPP","lastPrice":748,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"10 July 1970 - Incorporated as Shoprite Holdings (Pty) Ltd.\n20 October 1986 - Converted to a public company.\n28 June 1993 - Changed its name to Grocash Ltd.\n6 November 2000 - Listed on the JSE and changed name to Tradehold Ltd."},"CPR":{"companyName":"Copper 360 Limited","ticker":"CPR","lastPrice":465,"bidPrice":485,"offerPrice":452,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"CRP":{"companyName":"Capital & Regional Plc","ticker":"CRP","lastPrice":1196,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"CSB":{"companyName":"Cashbuild Ltd","ticker":"CSB","lastPrice":14217,"bidPrice":15299,"offerPrice":14217,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Cashbuild is the largest retailer of building materials and associated products, selling directly to cash-paying customers through its 182 (and growing) stores in South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, Botswana, Swaziland and Malawi. Cashbuild which employs in excess of 4 000 people, comprises Cashbuild Limited and the operating subsidiaries registered in the abovementioned countries. Cashbuild is the first choice retailer in its chosen field in all the regions in which it operates. It achieves this by carrying a focused in-depth quality product range at the most competitive prices, to meet the needs of the local market for homebuilders, home improvers, contractors, farmers, traders and any persons wanting to purchase our quality building materials for cash.\n\nCashbuild shares have been listed on the JSE Securities Exchange since 1986."},"CTA":{"companyName":"Capital Appreciation Ltd","ticker":"CTA","lastPrice":113,"bidPrice":114,"offerPrice":112,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"CVW":{"companyName":"Castleview Prop Fund Ltd","ticker":"CVW","lastPrice":850,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"YE change from Dec to March wef 2023"},"DCP":{"companyName":"Dis-Chem Pharmacies Ltd","ticker":"DCP","lastPrice":3354,"bidPrice":3362,"offerPrice":3328,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"DIB":{"companyName":"Dipula Income Fund B","ticker":"DIB","lastPrice":400,"bidPrice":400,"offerPrice":390,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Dipula was established in 2006 with the aim of investing in commercial real estate. The company acquired an initial portfolio of R300 million in the same year. Since formation Dipula has been prudently growing its property 19 portfolio. In 2011 Dipula merged with Mergence and in the process grew its asset base to R1.4 billion. Property management is outsourced and the asset management function is performed externally by a highly competent team. The company holds a diversified portfolio of properties throughout South Africa. The company converted from a private company named “Dipula Property Fund (Proprietary) Limited” to a public company named “Dipula Income Fund Limited” with effect from Thursday, 23 June 2011."},"DKR":{"companyName":"Deutsche Konsum REIT-AG","ticker":"DKR","lastPrice":15600,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The Company was founded under the name Stafford Grundbesitz GmbH in October 2008 in Germany. In November 2014 the company was transformed into the public limited company Deutsche Konsum Grundbesitz AG. The initial public offering took place in December 2015 at the stock market in Berlin. In 2016 the company received the REIT status (“real estate investment trust“) and is therefore exempted from the income-based tax. Since then the company operates under the name Deutsche Konsum REIT-AG.\n\nSince March 2017 the share of the Deutsche Konsum REIT-AG has been listed in the Prime Standard on the German stock exchange.\n\nThe objective of the company is to acquire and manage an attractive retail portfolio focused on regional areas and medium sized cities across Germany."},"DLT":{"companyName":"Delta Property Fund Ltd","ticker":"DLT","lastPrice":25,"bidPrice":28,"offerPrice":23,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Delta is 100% owned by the initial shareholders and was incorporated on 5 March 2002 under the name of Tuffsan 89 Investment Holdings Proprietary Limited. Once it was decided to use Delta as the vehicle to list the property portfolio, it was converted to a public company and its name was changed to Delta Property Fund Limited as of 3 September 2012.\n\nIn 2009, the shares in the company were beneficially acquired by the initial shareholders pursuant to which the company made its first direct property investment in the acquisition of the Forum building. With the management, expertise and deal-making capabilities of the found ers, the property SPVs subsequently acquired the restructure properties, being the NPA Cape Town building, 110 Hamilton building, SARS Kimberley building, Cooper House building, Tivoli building, and SARS Springs building. In many instances, these buildings have been successfully upgraded from C grade or D grade to A grade and B grade buildings according to tenants’ requirements, and new long-term leases have been secured with the DPW and SARS as a result thereof.\n\nOn 27 August 2012 and 10 September 2012, Delta entered into agreements with the property SPVs and Copapax to acquire the restructure properties and the Liberty Towers building, respectively, the details of which are set out in paragraph 5 of this pre-listing statement. As a result of the restructure, the founders have received debentures or will receive linked units as detailed in paragraph 29 of this pre-listing statement such that the founders will collectively hold 31 800 000 linked units once the restructure has been completed . As at the last practicable date, the relevant linked units relating to the acquisition of the Liberty Towers building had not yet been issued to Copapax, and the initial shareholders collectively held 28 938 000 linked units, which units will only be listed on transfer of the restructure properties into the name of Delta. The collective unit-holding of the founders will amount to 17.9% of the linked units in issue on the listing date assuming that the maximum amount of R980 000 000 is raised in terms of the private placement, and will be 19.3% of the linked units in issue once the restructure has been completed.\n\nOn 3 September 2012, Delta entered into an agreement with the PwC Polokwane building vendors, to acquire the entire issued share capital of Choice Decisions 300, which owns the PwC Polokwane building.\n\nDelta entered into agreements to acquire the remainder of the acquisition properties from the acquisition property vendors between July 2012 and September 2012, details of which are set out in paragraph 5 and Annexure 2 to this pre-listing statement, respectively.\n\nDelta’s ability to provide quality office accommodation as a landlord to the DPW and SARS over the past four years has enabled the company to successfully grow its property investments to a property portfolio that is valued at R2.1 billion."},"DMCCB":{"companyName":"Soapstone Investment Ltd","ticker":"DMCCB","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"DNB":{"companyName":"Deneb Investments Ltd","ticker":"DNB","lastPrice":230,"bidPrice":230,"offerPrice":230,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"DRA":{"companyName":"DRA Global Ltd","ticker":"DRA","lastPrice":2500,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"DRD":{"companyName":"DRD Gold Ltd","ticker":"DRD","lastPrice":1655,"bidPrice":1663,"offerPrice":1582,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"16 February 1895 - Durban Roodepoort Deep was incorporated as a public company. 1898 - The first gold was poured. September 1997 - Acquired two other West Witwatersrand mines; Blyvoor and Buffels. March 1999 - Listed on the Australian Stock Exchange. 06/12/2004- name changed from Durban Roodeport to DRD"},"DSBP":{"companyName":"Discovery Ltd B pref","ticker":"DSBP","lastPrice":9800,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"DSY":{"companyName":"Discovery Ltd","ticker":"DSY","lastPrice":11622,"bidPrice":11699,"offerPrice":11385,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1992 - Created.\n19 April 1999 - Incorporated under the name Newshelf 516 (Pty) Ltd.\n21 October 1999 - Listed on the JSE."},"DTC":{"companyName":"Datatec Ltd","ticker":"DTC","lastPrice":3778,"bidPrice":3839,"offerPrice":3751,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"11 July 1994 - Incorporated under the name Osshbro Investments 109 Ltd \n24 October 1994 - Name was changed to Datatec Ltd.\nDecember 1994 - Listed on the JSE."},"EEL":{"companyName":"Efora Energy Limited","ticker":"EEL","lastPrice":12,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Efora Energy Limited is a South African based independent African oil and gas company, listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (\"JSE\"). Efora’s mission is to produce and distribute essential fuel products across the continent to provide Energy for Africa. The Company has a diverse portfolio of assets spanning oil production in Egypt; exploration in the Democratic Republic of Congo; a midstream project relating to crude trading in Nigeria and material downstream distribution operations throughout South Africa and in Zimbabwe."},"ELI":{"companyName":"Ellies Holdings Ltd","ticker":"ELI","lastPrice":1,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Over three decades, Ellies has become a leading southern African manufacturer, wholesaler and distributor of electronic products related to television reception, including satellite and terrestrial aerial ranges. The group is also a market leader in domestic electrical and industrial audio products, and a major importer of associated products. \n\nBetween inception in 1979 and the early 1990s, Ellies focused largely on TV aerials, accessories and spare components, and then broadened its range to include remote controls and other related accessories, expanding its customer base in the process. \n\nIn 1995, with the advent of satellite TV in the South African market, the group founded the ElSat business. ElSat pioneered the pre-paid installation voucher system, which has become the national industry benchmark – a seamless process from point of sale to installation in a consumer's home, facilitated by the Ellies call centres. \n\nWhile the product range has broadened exponentially over the years, the focus remains unchanged: providing a single, convenient and efficient source of supply for its customers – from leading retailers to independent outlets and installers."},"EMH":{"companyName":"E Media Holdings Ltd","ticker":"EMH","lastPrice":336,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The Seardel Group was established in 1957 by Aaron Searll with the purchase of 66,7% of Elatta Manufacturing Company (Pty) Ltd for R500. It was subsequently renamed Venus Clothing Company (Pty) Ltd. This company manufactured nurses’ caps and bras, and employed 15 people with an annual revenue of R31 156. Then followed the acquisition in 1967 of a controlling interest in Desirée Lingerie Holdings Ltd (Desirée). Desirée acquired a number of apparel manufacturing operations in the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal over a period of time.\n\nSeardel was incorporated on 25 September 1968 as an investment holding company for the purpose of acquiring 50% of the issued share capital of Desirée. Seardel then acquired or restructured in the following years:\n1978 The remaining Desirée minority shareholders.\n1979 Charmfit Holdings Ltd together with its subsidiary, Prima Toys (Pty) Ltd.\n1981 A controlling interest in Sharp Electronics (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd.\n1982 Dubin Investments Ltd, which owned amongst others South African Clothing Industries Ltd.\n1989 The Bonwit clothing manufacturing business from Woolworths.\n1992 A controlling interest in Frame Group Holdings Ltd in partnership with Gregory Knitting Mills.\n1994 The Sharp Electronics division was separately listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange under the name Seartec Ltd.\n1996 The remaining 50% in Bibette (Pty) Ltd.\n1998 The Prima Toys division was separately listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange under the name Prima Toy & Leisure Group Ltd.\n2001 Frame Group Ltd became a 100% owned subsidiary of Seardel following a successful bid to all minorities.\nPrima Toy & Leisure Group Ltd became a 100% owned subsidiary of Seardel following a successful offer to all shareholders.\nSeartec Ltd became a 100% owned subsidiary of Seardel following a successful offer to minority shareholders.\n2007 Seardel disposed of 25,1% of its holding in Seartec Trading (Pty) Ltd to a BEE group.\n\n 2015\nRelease of finalisation announcement in respect of the Name Change \n\nFriday, 20 November\nShare Consolidation on SENS\n\nLast date to trade under the old name and in order to take part in the Name Friday, 27 November\nChange and Share Consolidation\n\nTrading under the new name of E Media Holdings Limited and with the new Monday, 30 November"},"EMI":{"companyName":"Emira Property Fund Ltd","ticker":"EMI","lastPrice":941,"bidPrice":951,"offerPrice":922,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"During 2003 Momentum took a strategic decision to securitise a portion of its property portfolio. Pursuant to this strategy, Eris Property Group assembled a diversified portfolio of investment grade retail, commercial and industrial properties having the appropriate profile for a listing on the JSE.\n\nEmira Property Fund listed in the Real Estate sector of the JSE Limited under the Collective Investment Schemes Control Act on 28 November 2003 at a price of 500 cents per participatory interest (“PI”) and on an estimated forward yield of 11.75%. The fund listed with a total of 77 properties, an asset base of R1.65bn and a market capitalisation of R1.35bn. The level of gearing at the time of listing constituted 20% of the total asset base at very favourable interest rates.\n\nBy June 2005, through selective acquisitions and appreciation in the existing properties, the portfolio had grown to 84 properties with a market value of R2.26bn. Over the same period, the market price had risen to 720 cents per PI, resulting in the market capitalisation of Emira increasing to R2.07bn. \n\nThe year to June 2006 was one in which growth was a feature of both Emira's performance as well as the entire listed property sector. Emira PI holders benefited from a growing PI price, distribution growth in excess of 10% was delivered by the fund, and, subsequent to year-end, PI holders also approved the purchase of a substantial, high quality portfolio of assets from Momentum Group Limited and Eris Property Group of R844m. \n\nThe highlight of the 2007 financial year was the successful acquisition and integration of 100% of the linked units of Freestone Property Holdings Limited into Emira, which became effective on 1 April 2007. Freestone is a property loan stock company comprising 81 commercial, retail and industrial properties, which at December 2006 were valued at approximately R1.8 billion. \n\nDuring the financial year to June 2008 Emira invested a total of approximately R330 million in its property portfolio, opting to focus on earnings enhancing refurbishments and upgrades of existing properties, including Lake Buena Vista in Centurion; the Quagga Shopping Centre in Pretoria West and the Granada Centre in Umhlanga Rocks. \n\nA further highlight of the year under review was Emira’s replacement of R650 million of bank-sourced debt with funds raised in the capital market. With tangible benefits in the form of a reduction in annual interest costs to the Fund, the move was strategically significant due to the introduction of an additional source of funding for future growth.\n\nDuring 2009, in line with its objectives Emira continued to make progress towards its objective to enhance the overall quality of its property portfolio.\n\nThe Fund concluded the purchase of five properties for a total consideration of R199,7 million. These properties are either well located and have blue chip tenants with long-term leases or are of strategic importance to the Fund. Emira’s competitive borrowing costs and pre-approved financing enabled it to conclude a swift transaction to purchase three of these properties for R99,5 million from the distressed seller. Emira also continued to invest in upgrades and extensions of existing properties, with capital expenditure of R74,6 million during the year compared to more than R300 million in 2008. The lower capital expenditure in 2009 was the result of decreased demand from tenants for new space combined with rising building costs which restricted the incremental returns on projects. In line with Emira’s strategy to dispose of non-core properties to continually enhance the quality of its property portfolio, 13 properties, with a total value of R318 million, have been earmarked for sale and Emira is currently entertaining offers to purchase from various entities. The cash received for these will be reinvested in the portfolio as defined by Emira’s Trust Deed.\n\nDuring the year, Emira secured a long-term debt facility from RMB of R664 million at favourable margins, due to the Fund’s solid credit rating, low gearing and its long-standing relationship with the financial institution. The facility has paved the way for the Fund to further enhance the quality of its portfolio by refurbishing existing properties and to support growth by acquiring new assets which meet its yield threshold. Emira utilised about R100 million of this new facility during 2009 for the aforementioned acquisitions, and has identified further opportunities to acquire yield enhancing assets in the current market. In line with its stated objective to apply gearing to the portfolio, Emira’s overall gearing level increased to 20,1% from 17,0% in 2008."},"EMN":{"companyName":"E Media Holdings Ltd -N-","ticker":"EMN","lastPrice":302,"bidPrice":302,"offerPrice":302,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"ENX":{"companyName":"enX Group LImited","ticker":"ENX","lastPrice":970,"bidPrice":970,"offerPrice":961,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"enX Group Limited, formerly Austro Group Limited, has been listed in the JSE’s “Industrial Engineering” sector, “Industrial Machinery” sub-sector since 2007. Austro’s name originated from the woodworking machinery business, Austro Proprietary Limited, its sole asset at the time of listing in 2007. The group subsequently acquired the power businesses and has recently acquired an oil lubricant business which represents Mobil in sub-Saharan Africa. \n\nFollowing these major changes in the composition of the group, the board elected to change the name of the group to better reflect the group’s new composition and the direction in which it is heading. The name enX is an acronym for Energy Exchange and it highlights the board’s intention to refocus enX as an energy and industrial supplies company servicing sub-Saharan Africa.\n\nenX is a diversified industrial group that provides quality branded industrial, petrochemical, and fleet management and logistics products and services.\n\n\nAustro Group Limited's mission is, and always has been, to become the foremost player in complementary markets in the industrial supplier and construction-related sectors. \n\nSince listing on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) in February 2007, the group has made significant strides to realise this vision. This includes entering into and consolidating its position in the generator sale and rental business through the acquisition of New Way Motor and Diesel Engineering (Pty) Ltd, and Neptune Plant Hire (Pty) Ltd, as well as augmenting its service offering in respect of the woodworking machines and tools market through the initial listing of Austro Woodworking Machines and Tools, and then by acquiring Gearing Moss Supplies (Pty) Ltd. Both these markets are particularly exciting and lucrative as they are key inputs into the construction and allied sectors which are showing exceptional growth."},"EOH":{"companyName":"EOH Holdings Ltd","ticker":"EOH","lastPrice":137,"bidPrice":138,"offerPrice":135,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"29 July 1998 - Incorporated.\n14 August 1998 - Listed on the JSE."},"EPE":{"companyName":"EPE Capital Partners Ltd","ticker":"EPE","lastPrice":380,"bidPrice":380,"offerPrice":380,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"EPS":{"companyName":"Eastern Platinum Ltd","ticker":"EPS","lastPrice":185,"bidPrice":185,"offerPrice":185,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Canadian-based Eastplats was formed in 2003 with the objective of becoming a major producer of platinum group metals.\n\nIn less than four years the Company has met its objectives by acquiring a portfolio of high-grade platinum and rhodium-rich deposits in South Africa's Bushveld Complex with resources containing over 85 million ounces of platinum group metals. The Bushveld Complex is internationally recognized as containing the world's largest resource of platinum group metals and is geologically unique as it is the world's only source of primary platinum production.\n\nIn 2006, Eastplats became Canada's largest platinum group metals producer when it acquired a 69% indirect interest in Barplats Investments Limited. This acquisition was accompanied by a successful Cdn $150 million capital raising campaign, much of which has been invested in the Crocodile River Mine operations. \n\nEastplats is now an established and growing platinum group metals mining company with assets on both the western and eastern limb of the Bushveld Complex. Based in Vancouver, and listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX:ELR), the Alternative Investment Market (AIM:ELR) and the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE:EPS), the company's four primary assets are:\n\nThe Crocodile River Mine on the western limb of the Bushveld and; \nThe Kennedy's Vale project located on the eastern limb of the Bushveld. \nThe Spitzkop project adjacent to Kennedy's Vale \nThe Mareesburg project, close to Spitzkop and Kennedy's Vale \nIn May 2007 Eastplats acquired an additional 5% of Barplats. Simultaneous with a listing on the JSE in May 2007, Eastplats completed a $200 million capital raising and announced plans to refurbish the existing Crocodile River Mine smelter."},"EQU":{"companyName":"Equites Prop Fund Ltd","ticker":"EQU","lastPrice":1316,"bidPrice":1318,"offerPrice":1301,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"EUZ":{"companyName":"Europa Metals Limited","ticker":"EUZ","lastPrice":31,"bidPrice":38,"offerPrice":31,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The company was incorporated in 2001 as Witkop Mining Limited. It subsequently changed its name to Washington Resources Limited and in November 2005 became an ASX listed minerals exploration and development company. In December 2009, the company acquired Ferrum Metals by way of a reverse takeover and changed its name to Ferrum Crescent Limited. On 15 December 2010 the ordinary shares of Ferrum Crescent were admitted to trading on AIM. Through Ferrum Metals, the group has a controlling interest in TMT, a South African company, which holds the prospecting rights over two separate areas of iron ore mineralisation in South Africa; in particular\nthe Moonlight deposit and the De Loskop prospect in the Limpopo Province of South Africa.\n\nName Change \n \nOn 4 June 2018, the Company announced that the Australian Securities and Investments Commission had approved the change of the Company’s name to Europa Metals Ltd. Coinciding with the change of company name, the ticker code for the Company was changed to EUZ on the ASX, AIM and JSE."},"EXP":{"companyName":"Exemplar REITail Ltd","ticker":"EXP","lastPrice":1150,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"EXX":{"companyName":"Exxaro Resources Ltd","ticker":"EXX","lastPrice":18347,"bidPrice":18471,"offerPrice":17965,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Exxaro is the results of an empowerment transaction that involved the unbundling of Kumba Resources' iron ore assets and the relisting of Kumba as Exxaro in November 2006. The two companies formed through the transaction are: \nExxaro – focused on coal, mineral sands and base metals and industrial minerals \nKumba Iron Ore – focused on iron ore \nThe primary rationale behind the unbundling was to create a new generation South African company and to broaden the spread of shareholders in both companies to people from previously disadvantaged backgrounds, employees and communities in proximity to the company's operations. \n\nKumba Resources itself was unbundled from its parent, Iscor Limited (which became Mittal Steel South Africa in 2005) in 2001, and listed on the JSE Limited in November of the same year. Iscor, initially a government-owned corporation, has been the major integrated South African steel producer for more than 70 years and its mining division, Iscor Mining, had provided a secure supply of iron ore and other raw materials for its steel mills. At the time of the Iscor unbundling, the mines it had developed for coal, zinc, mineral sands and certain industrial minerals used in steel production, together with its two iron ore mines and mineral sands interests, became part of Kumba. \n\nIn just five years, Kumba built a portfolio of world-class assets in Africa, Asia and Australia to become a prominent force in its selected commodities and a respected global participant for its governance standards and business approach based on sustainable development.\n\nPrior to merging with Kumba, Eyesizwe Coal was South Africa's fourth-largest coal producer with a production capacity of about 25Mtpa. Eyesizwe Coal assets consist of four operating mines.\n\nThis is the legacy Exxaro takes with it in its new form."},"FBR":{"companyName":"Famous Brands Ltd","ticker":"FBR","lastPrice":5319,"bidPrice":5383,"offerPrice":5259,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1960 - Founded by George Halamandres.\n29/03/2004 - name changed\n\n2005 - Group acquires TruFruit (Proprietary Limited) and Baltimore Foods (Proprietary) Limited.\n2006 - Group acquires Bimbo's franchise agreements at selected Engen grage sites. \n2007 - Group acquires 75% of Wimpy UK\n2008 - Group acquires 51% interests in Tasha's brand. \n2009 - Group acquires the SA business of Mugg & Bean as well as a further 20% in Wimpy UK. \n2010 - Group acquires the trademarks and franchise agreements of KEG, McGinty's, O'Hagan's and Blacksteer. Group also acquires controlling stakes in Vovo Telo and Giramundo. \n2011 - Group acquires trademarks and franchise agreements of Milky Lane and Juicy Lucy."},"FFB":{"companyName":"Fortress Real Est Inv B","ticker":"FFB","lastPrice":1514,"bidPrice":1527,"offerPrice":1480,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"FGL":{"companyName":"Finbond Group Ltd","ticker":"FGL","lastPrice":42,"bidPrice":43,"offerPrice":42,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Finbond is a South African financial services organization that specializes in the design and delivery of unique value and solution based finance solutions tailored around borrower requirements rather than institutionalized lending policies. \n\nFinbond Micro Finance focuses on assisting clients in the emerging middle class gain access to finance and credit solutions. Finbonds target market of clients is in the LSM 1 to 7 Band, a target market not effectively serviced by the large banks and insurance companies due to their focus on higher income brackets. The division operates through 172 branches nationally that consists of a network of 'banking hall' type branches where direct contact with clients is possible. These branches offer short-term loans and credit life insurance to customers. In addition to this, Finbond also approaches unions and employers and sets up credit facilities for qualifying employees through wage based deductions. Strategic initiatives currently underway includes: \n\nOffering funeral insurance in addition to the credit life insurance at all branches, \nOffering cell phone handsets, cell phone air time and pre paid electricity at all branches \nExpanding the branch Network in Gauteng the Southern Cape, Northern Cape , North West , Mpumalanga, Free State and Africa. \nFinbond Micro Finance addresses a focused customer profile and delivering branded products through low cost delivery platforms. \n\nA substantial opportunity exists for consolidation of the R 32 Billion a year micro finance industry in South Africa. Finbond intends to capitalize on this opportunity by being at the forefront of this activity. Whilst the development Finbond's Micro Finance business is well established, Finbond is currently positioning itself to undergo a period of further rapid expansion in order to gain market share in South and Southern-Africa.\n\n2018\nFinbond expands its branch network to 672 branches, of which 415 are located in South Africa and 257 are located in North America. Total employees amount to 2,083. Finbond remains focused on its core competency which is short-term consumer loans. Finbond’s Headline Earnings per share for the year ended 28 February 2018 \nincrease by 81.2% and Finbond’s NPAT for the year ended February 2018 increases by 64% to R227.4 million. \n\nIn October 2018, London based Lafferty Group awards Finbond Mutual Bank with a 4-star quality rating as a high quality bank in the Lafferty Banking 500 global benchmarking study. Finbond is the second highest ranked bank in South Africa and one of the leading banks globally, ranking 11th in the world.\n\n2019\nFinbond expands its branch network to 694 branches, of which 435 are located in South Africa and 259 are located in North America. Total employees amount to 2,153. Total assets increase to R3.30 billion and revenue increases to R2.58 billion. Cash received from customers amounts to R7.19 billion. 64% of revenue is generated in US$.\n\n2020\nFinbond increases total assets to R4.67 billion and value of loans advanced to R5.91 billion. Operating profit before tax increases by 78.0% to R260.0 million and earnings before interest, taxation, depreciation and amortisation (“EBITDA”) increases by 78.8% to R722.3 million. \n\n2021\nDespite the significant challenges presented by the COVID-19 lockdowns, Finbond increases Cash, Cash Equivalents and Liquid Assets to R1.60 billion. Total assets end the year at R4.37 billion and loans advanced throughout the year at R3.99 billion.\n\n2022\nFinbond’s results continued to be influenced by the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact of regulatory changes in Illinois in March 2021. Our recovery however continues slowly as the value of loans advanced increases by 25.9% to R5.02 billion. Gross consumer loans and advances increase by 30.4% to R1.13 billion and total assets end the year at R4.62 billion."},"FSR":{"companyName":"Firstrand Ltd","ticker":"FSR","lastPrice":6872,"bidPrice":6915,"offerPrice":6805,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"FirstRand was created in April 1998 through the merger of the financial service interests of Anglo American Corporation of South Africa Limited (AAC) and RMB Holdings Limited (RMBH). The major companies involved at the time were the listed entities, First National Bank Holdings of Southern Africa Limited (FNBH) and the Southern Life Association Limited (Southern Life), which were controlled by AAC and Momentum Life Assurers Limited (Momentum), the holding company of Discovery Health Limited and Rand Merchant Bank Limited which was controlled by RMBH.\n\nMomentum was used as the vehicle to effect the merger. In terms of the scheme of arrangement, Southern Life and FNBH shareholders received 675 Momentum shares in exchange for every 100 shares held. In addition, Momentum raised R5,1 billion by way of a rights issue in terms of which 572,7 million shares were issued at a price of 900 cents per share. The purpose of the rights issue was to facilitate the elimination of cross-holdings which existed between Southern Life and FNBH.\n\nMomentum changed its name to FirstRand Limited and was listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange on 25 May 1998. A day later a similar listing occurred on the Namibia Stock Exchange.\n\nThe vision was to create a new group of companies structured with critical mass to take advantage of the convergence of banking and insurance products and services without the limitations imposed by minorities in operating companies.\n\nFollowing pressure from shareholders to concentrate their efforts on mining and resources related activities, AAC and its associate De Beers undertook to sell their shares when prices were appropriate. De Beers sold their shares in the open market, while AAC reduced their holding in FirstRand from 20,4% to 5,25% following a deal with Remgro Limited. Remgro exchanged a portion of their newly acquired FirstRand shares for shares in RMB Holdings. This exchange allowed RMB Holdings to increase its holding in FirstRand from 25% to 32,83%. Remgro retained a 9,32% interest in FirstRand. \n\nAAC disposed of the remainder of its shares over a period of time with the last of its shares being sold in December 2003.\n\nFirstRand BEE transaction \nIn February 2005 the Group sold an effective 10% interest in FirstRand to four broad-based empowerment groups, Kagiso Trust, Mineworkers Investment Trust (“MIT”), WDB trust and the FirstRand Empowerment Foundation (a newly created FirstRand BEE entity, with a mandate for broad-based transformation, and black South African FirstRand staff and non-executive directors.\n\nThe Group selected its BEE partners because they share FirstRand’s objectives of enhancing broad-based BEE by addressing the needs of a wide constituency. In addition, the BEE partners have excellent reputations, successful track records and long standing relations with FirstRand and with each other."},"FTA":{"companyName":"Fairvest Limited A","ticker":"FTA","lastPrice":1510,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Synergy was formed by Capital Land Asset Management (Pty) Limited in 2007 and listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange in December 2011. Synergy currently has a market capitalisation of approximately R1,145 million comprising of A and B linked units. Synergy’s current portfolio comprises of 14 shopping centres situated in Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Western Cape, Limpopo, North West and Free State valued in excess of R1.7 billion with a gross lettable area of 176 703m2.\n \nSynergy’s A linked units have the same features as the typical JSE listed A linked units with bond characteristics providing investors with a preferential claim to distributions and a 5% growth year-on-year for 5 years – thereafter at the lower of CPI or 5%. B linked units receive the residual net income after settlement of the A linked unit distribution entitlement thereby providing investors with a leveraged investment in the growth of Synergy’s portfolio.\n\nFollowing the recent merger with Gemgrow, as at 30 September, 2019 Arrowhead owns a direct property portfolio with an aggregate value of R11 billion comprising approximately 201 properties with a combined GLA of 1 335 197m² spread across all nine provinces of South Africa. Retail assets account for 47% of income, office for 36% and industrial assets the remaining 17% respectively. By GLA the portfolio comprises 36% retail, 30% office and 34% industrial properties. Arrowhead has interest in the following companies:\n\nIndluplace 55.73% interest.\nDipula 8.61% combined and 17.22% in B shares.\nRebosis 16.42% combined and 17.90% in B Shares.\nArrowhead’s strategy is to focus on owning a portfolio of direct properties in South Africa, diversified by region and by sector, which can deliver sustainable and growing income through the economic cycle."},"FTB":{"companyName":"Fairvest Limited B","ticker":"FTB","lastPrice":371,"bidPrice":371,"offerPrice":364,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"FTH":{"companyName":"Frontier Transport Hldg Ld","ticker":"FTH","lastPrice":621,"bidPrice":624,"offerPrice":621,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"HPL&R is an investment entity tailored to consolidate and expand opportunities in the mobility and logistics sectors. The current portfolio is rooted in the commuter bus and luxury coach segments. Through its principal subsidiary Golden Arrow Bus Services, with over 157 years of proven operational expertise, the Company aims to harness the combined institutional knowledge and skills sets to pursue further prospects in bus and coach operations and potential entrées into freight, rail and logistics operations.\n\n2020 - HPLR acquires 90% of the shares of\nShuttle Up"},"GFI":{"companyName":"Gold Fields Ltd","ticker":"GFI","lastPrice":29345,"bidPrice":29463,"offerPrice":28102,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"15/06/81 - The company was created with the merger of East Driefontein Gold Mining Company Ltd and West Driefontein Gold Mining Company into Driefontein Consolidated and the extension of the lease area to the north.\n10 May 1999 - Changed name from Driefontein Consolidated Ltd to Gold Fields Ltd."},"GLN":{"companyName":"Glencore plc","ticker":"GLN","lastPrice":11463,"bidPrice":11500,"offerPrice":11287,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"GML":{"companyName":"Gemfields Group Limited","ticker":"GML","lastPrice":270,"bidPrice":280,"offerPrice":270,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"In September 2007, raised USD 169.3 million and listed on the Bermuda Stock Exchange (BSX). Acquired 46.8% see-through interest in Fabergé \n\nIn October 2007, signed an agreement with Ntsimbintle Mining (Proprietary Limited) (“Ntsimbintle”). Acquired 44.1% see-through interest in Rox Limited (“Rox”)\n\nIn December 2007, realised interest in Consolidated Minerals Limited (“ConsMin”), at a profit. Secured entitlement to acquire strategic interest in Moepi Group (Proprietary) Limited (“Moepi”)\n\nIn May 2008, concluded USD 12.1 million share placing for Fabergé \n\nIn June 2008, shareholders of Gemfields approve reverse take-over by Rox \nAlso in June 2008, the Company secured an entitlement to acquire a strategic interest in Richtrau no. 123 (Proprietary Limited) (“Magazynskraal”)\n\nIn August 2008, exercised an entitlement to participate in Kalahari and African Queen. Implements inward listing on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE)\n\nIn December 2008, the Company completed an oversubscribed vendor consideration placing which raised US$34.3 million to participate in the acquisition of a controlling interest in Platmin Limited, owner of Pilanesberg Platinum Mine. \nIn February 2009, the Pallinghurst investors completed the acquisition of the 33.4% interest in the Magazynskraal PGM exploration prospect. \nIn March 2009, shareholders of Jupiter Mines approved a transaction to issue further shares to the Company and its joint venture partner, Red Rock Resources plc (“RRR”) resulting in the Company and RRR owning up to 55% of Jupiter Mines \nMarch 2009 also saw the successful start-up of Pilanesberg Platinum Mine and commencement of ore processing through its UG2 circuit.\n\nIn July 2018 change its Name from Pallinghurst Resources Limited to Gemfields Group Limited."},"GND":{"companyName":"Grindrod Ltd","ticker":"GND","lastPrice":1355,"bidPrice":1365,"offerPrice":1325,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"It is more than 80 years since Mr Leon Renaud and Captain John Edward Grindrod purchased the 150 ton steamer 'Frontier' as she lay disabled on the Durban breakwater. Refloated and re-equipped she began trading to Port St Johns and East London carrying sugar, oil, timber, hides and wool and occasionally livestock. Their company, The SS Frontier Co. was the predecessor of the founding company of Unicorn Shipping and the Grindrod Group.\nNine years later Renaud, a leading Durban legal counsel, learned through the legal network of an old pilgrim ship, the 'Halal', which was lying in Aden pending sale by auction. Purchasing her for £9 355 under the name African Coasters (Pty) Ltd, he renamed the 430-ton ship 'Cecile Mapleson', his wife's maiden name, and with Grindrod and Co as ships agents began trading between Durban and Lourenço Marques (now Maputo).\n\nOn the death of Captain John Grindrod in 1930, his son Walter Bibby (WB) Grindrod, born in England in 1903, took over the management of Grindrod & Co. and as such became a very active protagonist of the coasting industry, an interest that was amplified in 1931 when he became an alternate director on the board of SS Frontier Company.\n\nWhen Leon Renaud died in 1934 his son Cecil joined the board of SS Frontier Company, rekindling with WB the business partnership their fathers had enjoyed. Within three years they had consolidated the operations of the SS Frontier Company and African Coasters.\n\nThe Second World War interrupted their hard work as both men joined the armed forces, but immediately on their return they set about expanding their fleet, a program led by WB, who became managing director of African Coasters in 1946.\n\nSteeped in shipping from dinner-table discussions and a family life that revolved around the small vessels trading out of Durban , Murray Grindrod joined Grindrod Gersigny - the managing agents for African Coasters in 1957. In his job he learnt the trade from the wharf side, becoming involved in the hiring of personnel, stevedoring, and general ships husbandry. He also took every opportunity to study the operation of the ships at sea, which gave him a personal grasp of the trade and an affinity with the people abroad.\n\nWhen the limited volumes of coastal cargoes were being spread among three players and African Coasters needed an urgent injection of capital to replace their ageing fleet, it was Murray Grindrod who persuaded his father and Cecil Renaud to seek finance elsewhere. Indeed, it was the team that he led that secured funding from Union Corporation, thus paving the way for the modernization of the fleet, the subsequent merger with Smith's Coasters to form Unicorn Shipping Lines and the acquisition of Thesen's Steamship Company from Safmarine. The Unicorn brand has since been synonymous with local shipping for nearly forty years.\n\nUnder his leadership as managing director, Unicorn pioneered the fully cellular container service in 1971.\n\nA personal sense of achievement for Murray Grindrod followed the acquisition of the majority shareholding from Union Corporations successor, Gencor in 1986 and thirteen years later, the purchase of the remaining shares after the unbundling of Safmarine.\n\nIn 1995 Murray Grindrod announced that he would be stepping down as chairman of Unicorn Lines and that Ivan Clark would take over as executive chairman. It was Ivan Clark and Alan Olivier who travelled to Athens to negotiate successfully for the purchase of Safmarine's 40 percent shareholding in Unicorn. Grindrod Group now had full control and became the leading and only ship owner (fully South African) in South Africa.\n\nWhen Mike Groves took the helm of the Grindrod Unicorn Group, he invited Clark to become the Group's Chief operating officer, a move that culminated in his appointment as managing director in July 1999.\n\nIt was a difficult time for the Group, which was trying to emerge from the effects of an international and local shipping recession. However in rapid succession the company, now Grindrod Limited, acquired several key companies that expanded the Group range of activities and enabled it to control a large part of the South African Ship's Agency sector. The purchase of Island View Shipping in 1998 gave the group a major ship broking division and brought a new dimension in shipping with Capesize and Panamax vessels on charter to complement its traditional business in the Handysize bulk market.\n\nThe multi-faceted Grindrod Ltd, a JSE SA-listed company with its head office in Durban , has grown in size and stature over the last four years as the Group has modernised its operations and adopted an entrepreneurial approach to its decision-making. The Group has introduced international and local partners, some of which have been black empowerment initiatives. Grindrod's land-based operations encompass a major share of the local ships' agency business, clearing & forwarding, terminals, container depots, warehousing, distribution and a wide range of cargo handling operations. The Group, through its subsidiaries, (see all the brand names on the left of the page) is one of the largest users of South African ports.\n\nAs a result of these developments and benefiting from positive international trends - Grindrod's share price has risen five-fold in the last four years and is expected to climb to new heights as the Group builds on its current base."},"GNDP":{"companyName":"Grindrod Ltd Pref","ticker":"GNDP","lastPrice":8885,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"GPL":{"companyName":"Grand Parade Inv Ltd","ticker":"GPL","lastPrice":336,"bidPrice":336,"offerPrice":334,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"From small beginnings, GPI has come a long way, but remains true to its original objective: the empowerment and creation of wealth for all its shareholders.\n\n\n1997 Grand Parade Investments Limited was incorporated to conduct business as an investment holding company with interests in the leisure, hotel and gaming sectors – specifically for the express purpose of partnering with SISA, as its primary BEE partner in the Western Cape, in the award of the exclusive casino licence for the Western Cape Metropole. \n \n1998 GPI converted to a public company. \n \n1999 SunWest emerged as the triumphant bidding vehicle and was awarded the exclusive license for the GrandWest casino in Goodwood, Cape Town. \n \n2001 The public response to the preferential offer was overwhelming and saw previously economically marginalised communities across the Western Cape taking up shares in GPI. \n \n GPI acquired an initial 8,53% stake in SunWest. \n \n2002 GPI increased its economic stake in SunWest from 8,53% to 19,12%. \n \n2006 The GPI SPV Trust and the GPI BBBEE Trust established to enhance and sustain the company’s empowerment status and raise capital to repay debt. \n \n The SPV Trust owns 8,17% directly in GPI and this, together with the units held in the BBBEE Trust and the units locked in by black shareholders by agreement amounts to an effective lock in of 28% until 2012. \n \n2007 GPI Increased its stake in SunWest to 26,41%. \n \n2008 GPI listed on the main board of the JSE Securities Exchange in the “General Financial” sector After listing, thousands of the initial shareholders progressed to a new corporate listed environment, with an opportunity to participate in the continued growth and development of GPI). \n \n GPI acquired a 30,6% stake in RAH, giving GPI a share in Carnival City Casino and Entertainment World, Sibaya Casino and Entertainment Kingdom and the Boardwalk Casino and Entertainment World and an increased share of SunWest, National Manco and Western Cape Manco. \n \n GPI acquired a 50% economic and minority voting stake in Akhona GPI which owned a 20% stake in Thuo Gaming KZN and a 6% stake in Dolcoast. \n \n \n \n2009 GPI exercised further options during the financial year and increased its stake in SunWest from 26,41% to 29,24%. \n \n GPI now indirectly owns an effective share in Sibaya Casino of 6,3%.\n\nIn December 2008, GPI provided R7 million to Akhona GPI so that it could exercise its pre-emptive rights through a first round offer. GPI provided an additional R13million to Akhona GPI so that it could exercise the balance of its pre-emptive rights through a second round offer. As a consequence, GPI’s economic stake increased to 75% and it’s voting rights to 49.99% in Akhona GPI.\n\nIn November, GPI announced a R170m deal to give it a controlling stake in Thuo Gaming, operator of limited payout machines, by taking full ownership of Carentan Investments, a subsidiary of the Australian-based Tatts Group, which owns 90% of Thuo Gaming. The offer made and accepted is currently subject to certain regulatory conditions.\n \n2010 Watershed year from investor to operator. \nInvested R192 million and became a leading slots operator.\n\nInvested R28 million to increase our direct stake in SunWest to over 30%.\n\nInvested R4 million to increase our stake in Golden Valley Casino to 44.4% and achieved joint control.\nGrew our indirect stake in Sibaya Casino through Akhona GPI’s increased stake in Dolcoast, which increased from 18.5% to 23%.\n\nRemained dividend-active by matching last year’s 7,5 cents declaration.\n\nIncreased our net asset base by 8% and the decline in adjusted headline earnings per share was contained to 7%."},"GRT":{"companyName":"Growthpoint Prop Ltd","ticker":"GRT","lastPrice":1100,"bidPrice":1115,"offerPrice":1091,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"12 October 1987 - Incorporated as a property investment holding company."},"GSH":{"companyName":"Grindrod Shipping Hldg Ltd","ticker":"GSH","lastPrice":25000,"bidPrice":25250,"offerPrice":24257,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"GTC":{"companyName":"Globe Trade Centre S.A.","ticker":"GTC","lastPrice":4000,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"HAR":{"companyName":"Harmony GM Co Ltd","ticker":"HAR","lastPrice":17972,"bidPrice":17972,"offerPrice":16951,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Harmony was incorporated and registered as a public company in South Africa on 25 August 1950 and later became a Randgold-managed company exploiting the single Harmony mine lease. In 1995, Harmony was recreated as a separate entity following the winding up of Randgold.\n\nHarmony's operations have grown significantly since 1995, expanding from a single, lease-bound mining operation into an independent, world-class gold producer. The group received additional mining rights in the Free State, Mpumalanga, Gauteng and North West province in South Africa when it acquired Lyndex in 1997, Evander in 1998, Kalgold in 1999, Randfontein in 2000, ARMgold in 2003 and Avgold in 2004.\n\nMining operations are conducted through various subsidiaries. Harmony's principal subsidiaries are Randfontein Estates, Evander Gold Mines, ARMgold/Harmony Freegold JV, ARMgold, Avgold Kalahari Goldridge Mining Company and Harmony Gold (Australia) (Pty) Limited. All are wholly-owned, direct subsidiaries incorporated in South Africa."},"HCI":{"companyName":"Hosken Cons Inv Ltd","ticker":"HCI","lastPrice":17757,"bidPrice":18107,"offerPrice":17756,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"11 June 1973 - Incorporated."},"HDC":{"companyName":"Hudaco Industries Ltd","ticker":"HDC","lastPrice":16612,"bidPrice":16801,"offerPrice":16403,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1891 - Hudaco Industries derives its name from and traces its existence to Hubert Davies and Company whose history and development has been an integral part of the economic development of southern Africa for 119 years. \nThe founder, J Hubert Davies, an electrical engineer, came to South Africa in 1889 as a consulting engineer. He started his own business in Johannesburg in 1891, five years after the discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand. He was personally responsible for specifying and organising the supply of equipment for the erection of many electrical and mechanical engineering plants in the various towns and mines of the southern African region.\n\n1870 - 1970 - In 1897 he established himself in Simmonds Street with a staff compliment of 70. By the turn of the century the business had become a major supplier of expertise and equipment to customers in mining and mining support industries, town services, construction and power generation on the gold-rich Witwatersrand and further afield. The business was converted into a private company in 1917, allowing senior managers to become shareholders and directors. The founder continued to run the company until his death in 1919 at the age of 63. The company continued to grow in size and diversity and in September 1938 Hubert Davies and Company Limited listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange. In the early part of the century the building housing the headquarters of the business was named Hudaco House – the first known use of the name Hudaco. Following tradition, when the headquarters was moved to Elandsfontein in the 1950’s the complex was named Hudaco Park.\n\n1974 - 1977 - In 1974 Blue Circle Limited, a United Kingdom industrial group, acquired a substantial interest in the company. In 1977 it became a wholly owned subsidiary and delisted from the stock exchange. During the 1970’s Hubert Davies expanded its product offering and its branch network to cover the whole of South Africa and all countries of the subcontinent. In 1976 a strategic decision was made to specialise by product and activity in order to provide better customer service and achieve improved market penetration. This decision also saw the introduction of the company’s existing management philosophy of decentralisation of decision-making and responsibility.\n\n1981 - 2005 - In 1981 a further step in this direction saw the establishment of the industrial distribution business of Hubert Davies as a separate autonomous subsidiary under the name Hudaco Industries. \nIn May 1984 the management of the business, with banks as partners, acquired control of Hudaco Industries from Blue Circle in, what was up until then, the largest South African private equity leveraged buy-out. On 14 November 1985 Hudaco Industries Limited listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange at a subscription price of R1,50 per share with a market capitalisation of R29 million. Since then the group has made several large acquisitions, including listed companies Frencorp, Valard and Elsec, but has stayed faithful to its roots as an industrial product distribution business.\n\n2007 - As part of its empowerment initiative, the group sold 15% of all operating businesses, except DDP, to BEE shareholders.\n\n2008 - Today the group employs more than 2 300 people, its market capitalisation is R1,9 billion and its shareholders include many of the blue-chip players in the investment industry.\n\nToday \n \nToday, 120 years since J Hubert Davies saw the business potential of the gold rush, the group remains true to its roots. The group now employs over 2 500 people and has a market capitalisation of about R3 billion. Its shareholders include many blue-chip players in the retirement investment industry."},"HET":{"companyName":"Heriot REIT Limited","ticker":"HET","lastPrice":1350,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Heriot was founded by Steven Herring in 1998 for the purpose of growing a property portfolio that generated sustainable long-term cash flows from blue chip tenants. Heriot’s introduction into the property market was through the industrial sector with properties underpinned by triple net, long term leases that facilitated quick growth of its asset base. Today, Heriot owns 16 industrial assets with a GLA of 258,999m² valued at R1,421 billion.\n\nIn 2003, Heriot diversified its portfolio into the retail sector with the development of a 1 500m² retail centre. Heriot now owns 12 retail centres with a GLA of 123,219 in CBD’s, townships and rural areas that focus on the mass market, bringing shopping to the people. The centres, valued at R2,406 billion, are anchored by a high percentage of national tenants with long term leases and high trading densities that ensures the sustainability of Heriot’s cash flows.\n\nThe property portfolio further includes seven office properties, including Heriot’s head office located in the prestigious mixed-use precinct, Melrose Arch. The total South African portfolio is valued at R4,625 billion."},"HIL":{"companyName":"Homechoice Int plc","ticker":"HIL","lastPrice":2500,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Over the past 30 years the group has grown from a\nmail order startup company into an omni-channel\nretailer and financial services group, well-positioned to transform into a digital business."},"HLM":{"companyName":"Hulamin Ltd","ticker":"HLM","lastPrice":353,"bidPrice":355,"offerPrice":341,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The origin of Hulamin dates back to 1935 when the Aluminium Limited of Canada (Alcan) opened a sales office in South Africa, which was followed in 1940 by the registration of the Aluminium Company of South Africa. During and after World War II, demand for semi-fabricated aluminium had grown to the point where a first aluminium rolling mill was justified and was opened in 1949, on the current Pietermaritzburg site. \n\nIn the following years, our company experienced rapid growth and expanded its operations to cover a full range of semi-fabricated aluminium rolled and extruded products. It was subsequently listed on the Johannesburg Securities Exchange as Alcan Aluminium of South Africa in 1969. In 1974 the Huletts Corporation acquired a controlling interest from Alcan, and changed its name to Huletts Aluminium. \n\nThe company was delisted in 1981, although its debentures continued to be traded until 1997. The Huletts Corporation merged with The Tongaat Group in 1981 to form Tongaat Hulett, and in 1982 the name of the company was changed to Hulett Aluminium (Pty) Limited. Alcan subsequently sold its remaining 26% holding and Hulett Aluminium became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Tongaat Hulett in 1986. \n\nIn 1996, the boards of Hulett Aluminium and Tongaat Hulett approved a R2.4 billion (US Dollar 550 million) expansion program in the rolled products business, increasing capacity fourfold to 200 000 tons. The business was restructured and two additional shareholders were introduced, namely Anglo American and the Industrial Development Corporation, resulting in the Tongaat Hulett shareholding being diluted to 50%. In 2006 Hulett Aluminium’s shareholders approved a further R950 million expansion project for the rolled products business. \n\nIn 2007 Hulett Aluminium (Pty) Limited changed its name to Hulamin Limited and introduced a fresh new corporate identity. It listed on the Johannesburg Securities Exchange and simultaneously facilitated the acquisition of a 10% interest in Hulamin by Black Economic Empowerment partners, the Imbewu and Makana consortia, and a further 5% by Hulamin employees."},"HMN":{"companyName":"Hammerson plc","ticker":"HMN","lastPrice":665,"bidPrice":676,"offerPrice":651,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"HUG":{"companyName":"Huge Group Ltd","ticker":"HUG","lastPrice":240,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The Huge Group Ltd, listed on the JSE's Alt-X board on the 8th August 2007, began as a consolidation between corporate telecommunications giants TelePassport and Centracell and is evolving into a formidable diversified telecommunications group."},"HYP":{"companyName":"Hyprop Inv Ltd","ticker":"HYP","lastPrice":2873,"bidPrice":2883,"offerPrice":2843,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"As South Africa's leading JSE retail property fund, Hyprop boasts an investment portfolio currently valued in excess of R10.8 billion. Since inception in 1987 the company has honed its specialist focus on premium regional and super-regional shopping centres. Today six of South Africa’s prime shopping centres account for 94% of Hyprop’s direct property investments. \n\nThe company distributes all its income on a semi-annual basis. With a proven track record of consistent growth in distributions, Hyprop has been continually ranked as one of the top-performing listed property funds in the country. Hyprop has delivered an average of 10,5% distribution growth per annum over the past 21 years, while average distribution growth per annum since 2004 is 17,1%. The unit price has grown on average 13% over the past 21 years and 27% since 2004. \n\nHyprop's proven strategy of proactive asset management enables its shopping centres to continually adapt their retail offerings to meet tenant demands and the evolving lifestyle trends of their shoppers."},"IBX":{"companyName":"Ibex Investment Hldg Ltd","ticker":"IBX","lastPrice":9610,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMP":{"companyName":"Impala Platinum Hlgs Ltd","ticker":"IMP","lastPrice":11004,"bidPrice":11113,"offerPrice":10429,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Following a successful drilling and exploration programme in the early-mid 1960s, a mine with an initial annual production capacity of 100,000 ounces of platinum was established north of Rustenburg. The first blast was on 3 June 1967 and, in November 1968, a lease covering 27,000 acres (predominantly owned by the Bafokeng Tribe – now the Royal Bafokeng Nation) was granted for what was to become Impala Platinum, the flagship operation of the Implats group. Production here began ahead of schedule in July 1969 and for the first 12 years only the Merensky Reef was mined.\n\nBy the late 1960s, the Japanese economy was booming and a significant platinum jewellery market was beginning to develop, proving to be a steady source of demand for the platinum being mined.\n\nIn the USA, legislation was passed setting limits for vehicle emission standards that were to be met by the mid-1970s and the Environmental Protection Agency became increasingly active in ensuring these were adopted. Legislation throughout the world soon followed suit, thus opening up an enormous market for platinum for use in autocatalytic converters which reduce vehicle emissions. By mid-1972, Impala was negotiating long-term supply contracts with major US motor manufacturers, General Motors and Chrysler. Soon, Impala had a contract with General Motors to supply up to 300,000 ounces of platinum and 120,000 ounces of palladium annually for the period from 1974 to 1983.\n\nOn the corporate side, a company called Bishopsgate Platinum Limited, of which Impala Platinum Ltd was a wholly-owned subsidiary, was listed on the JSE on 26 January 1973 and on 19 October 1978, its name was changed to Impala Platinum Holdings Limited (Implats).\n\nDuring the 1980s, increasingly militant trade unionism and politically turbulent times for the country as a whole resulted in some of the largest-scale industrial action ever seen. This culminated in riots, go-slows, underground sit-ins, faction fighting and arson, from which Implats was not immune. A major review of the company's industrial relations policy was undertaken in order to build a relationship of trust between Impala and the major union, the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM). It was also during this decade that mining of the UG2 reef began.\n\nBy the early 1990s, Impala had become the world's second largest platinum producer, with output of 1 million platinum ounces annually. In 1990, Implats acquired an effective interest in Western Platinum and Eastern Platinum (collectively Lonplats). In 1995, agreement was reached on a full merger with Lonplats although this was subsequently blocked by the European Union.\n\nIn 1998, IRS was established to capitalise on Implats' surplus smelting and refining capacity.\n\nSettlement was reached in 1999 with the Royal Bafokeng Nation (RBN) regarding mineral rights and royalties over the major portion of the area over which Impala Platinum had mining rights.\n\nBetween 2000 and 2004, Implats acquired further mineral rights enabling it to establish Marula Platinum. It also acquired strategic stakes in Zimbabwean operations, Zimplats and Mimosa, and entered into a joint venture with the then Avmin group to develop the Two Rivers Platinum project. The stakes in Barplats and Lonplats were sold.\n\nOn the corporate front, Implats was \"unbundled\" as the parent company, Gencor, was wound-down.\n\nBlack economic empowerment transactions were negotiated during 2006 and 2007. Implats finalised a deal with the Royal Bafokeng Holdings (Pty) Limited (RBH) in terms of which Impala Platinum agreed to pay the Royal Bafokeng Nation (RBN) all future royalties due to them, thus effectively discharging any further obligation to pay royalties. In turn the RBN subscribed for 75.1 million Implats shares giving them a 13.4% holding in Implats. An Employee Share Ownership Programme (ESOP) was implemented during the same period giving some 28,000 lower level employees the benefit of the appreciation in value of 3% of the group’s equity. At Marula, agreements have been signed with three black economic entities giving them a combined ownership stake of 27%. \n\nIn the first decade of the new century, Implats set itself the target of producing 2.3 million ounces of platinum per annum by 2012. This objective was subsequently reviewed following the global economic crisis in 2008, and the group is currently targeting 2.1 million ounces by 2014. The ramp up to full production at Marula, the expansion at Zimplats, and further growth in the toll refining and recycling businesses will position the group for further production growth. In 2009, the group recorded production of 1.7 million ounces of platinum."},"IMRP1":{"companyName":"IM REDEEMABLEPREF1AUG21","ticker":"IMRP1","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMRP10":{"companyName":"IM REDEEMABLEPREF2023","ticker":"IMRP10","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMRP11":{"companyName":"IM REDEEMABLEPREF202311","ticker":"IMRP11","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMRP12":{"companyName":"IM REDEEMABLEPREF202312","ticker":"IMRP12","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMRP13":{"companyName":"IM REDEEMABLEPREF202313","ticker":"IMRP13","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMRP14":{"companyName":"IM REDEEMABLEPREF202314","ticker":"IMRP14","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMRP2":{"companyName":"IM REDEEMABLEPREF2AUG21","ticker":"IMRP2","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMRP3":{"companyName":"IM REDEEMABLEPREF3NOV21","ticker":"IMRP3","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMRP4":{"companyName":"IM REDEEMABLEPREF4AUG21","ticker":"IMRP4","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMRP5":{"companyName":"IM REDEEMABLEPREF5JUL23","ticker":"IMRP5","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMRP6":{"companyName":"IM REDEEMABLEPREF6AUG21","ticker":"IMRP6","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMRP7":{"companyName":"IM REDEEMABLEPREF7AUG21","ticker":"IMRP7","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMRP8":{"companyName":"IM8REDEEMABLEPREF19DEC24","ticker":"IMRP8","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"IMRP9":{"companyName":"IM REDEEMABLEPREF19DEC24","ticker":"IMRP9","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"INL":{"companyName":"Investec Ltd","ticker":"INL","lastPrice":12577,"bidPrice":12799,"offerPrice":12512,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1974 - The company began as a small finance company.\n1980 - The company acquired a banking licence. Regional offices were opened in Durban and Cape Town.\n1981 - An association with Metboard Ltd was established.\n1986 - Investec and Metboard merged.\n15/10/86 - Investec Holdings Ltd listed on the JSE.\n28/11/88 - Investec Bank Ltd was separately listed on the JSE.\n1989/90 - Strategic acquisitions were made including property management company I Kuper & Co, Corporate Merchant Bank (formerly Hill Samuel Merchant Bank SA Ltd) and trade finance company Reichmans.\n1991 - Strategic alliance formed with Fedsure Holdings through creation of significant cross\nshareholdings.\n1992 - Acquired London based Allied Trust Bank Ltd.\n1993 - Gerber Goldschmidt Finance was acquired.\nMarch 1994 - Control of Sechold Ltd was acquired.\nMarch 1995 - Reichmans acquired GDM Finance Ltd.\nAugust 1995 - London based Clive Discount Co Ltd was acquired.\nNovember 1995 - Minority shareholders interests in Sechold were acquired and Sechold was delisted.\n8/11/95 - Stockbroking company J. Solms & Co was acquired and became Investec Equities Ltd.\nApril 1996 - Investec began operating in Jersey after the formation and licencing of Investec Bank (Jersey) Ltd.\nJanuary 1997 - Allied Trust Bank was renamed Investec Bank (UK) Ltd.\nFebruary 1997 - Investec and Credit Suisse First Boston entered into an arrangement relating to corporate finance activites.\nMarch 1997 - Internal restructuring whereby all banking operations fall under Investec Merchant Bank Ltd. \nWith effect from 31/3/97 Investec Bank Ltd changed its name to Investec Group Ltd and Investec Merchant Bank Ltd changed its name to Investec Bank Ltd.\n19 July 2002 - Investec Group Ltd,changed its' name to Investec Limited."},"INP":{"companyName":"Investec plc","ticker":"INP","lastPrice":12721,"bidPrice":12913,"offerPrice":12695,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"2022 - Today, we have an efficient, integrated international business platform, offering all our core activities in the UK and South Africa\n\n2020- We successfully completed the demerger of Investec Asset Management which separately listed as Ninety One in March 2020\n\n2007-Investec plc acquired Kensington Group plc \nInvestec sells its South African property fund management and property administration business to Growthpoint Properties Limited \nInvestec Bank Australia Limited acquired Experien (Pty) Ltd \n2006-Investec Bank (Australia) Limited, acquired N.M. Rothschild & Sons (Australia) Limited\n2005-Investec sells the remainder of its US business \nInvestec sells its UK Private Client Stockbroking operation, Carr Sheppards Crosthwaite Limited to Rensburg plc. Investec retains a 47.7% interest in the combined entity, Rensburg Sheppards plc. \nInvestec acquires HSBC's Private Client business in South Africa \nInvestec sells its associate investment in Capital Alliance Holdings Limited to Liberty Group Limited\n2004-Exit the life assurance business through a further reinsurance agreement with Capital Alliance Holdings Limited. \nInvestec sells its 80.28% stake in Investec Bank (Israel) Limited to the First International Bank of Israel Ltd \nInvestec winds down its UK Traded Endowments business\n2003-Empowerment partners acquire a 25.1% stake in Investec Limited \nContinued rationalisation of the businesses of IEB with Capital Alliance Holdings Limited. \nReinsurance and transfer of some of the businesses of IEB to Liberty Group Limited \n2002-Investec implements a Dual Listed Companies (DLC) structure with listings on the LSE and JSE. \nCarr Sheppards Crosthwaite recruits most of the international team from the Gerrard Group. \nInvestec acquires European Capital Company Ltd, and its team of project finance advisers and arranges, thereby enhancing the Group’s project advisory and finance capability in the UK. \nInvestec acquires Melbourne-based Wrigh Financial Planning, providing retirement and superannution planning and private client portfolio management services. \nInvestec acquires Melbourn-based Chronworth Pty Ltd, a corporate finance advisory boutique. \nInvestec acquires the Unit Investment Trust business from ING Funds in the US. \nInvestec recruits a Life Sciences team and a TMT team in the US from Tucker Anthony Sutro Capital Markets and UBS Warburg, respectively. \nInvestec decided to exit the private client stockbroking business in the US, and sold it to its management on 10 May 2002. \nAcquisition of Merrill Lynch’s (South Africa) private client business in Cape Town. \nAcquisition of debtors book of Regal Treasury Private Bank Ltd.\n2001-Investec Clali Bank Ltd is rebranded Investec Bank (Israel) Limited. \nInvestec Bank (UK) Limited acquired Radcliffes Trustee Company S.A. based in Geneva and Theodores Trust and Law Group based in Jersey. This augments Investec’s trust and fiduciary capacity as well as its international private client structuring capabilities. \nInvestec Bank (UK) Limited acquired a 35% stake in Hargreave Hale, a private client stockbroker. \nInvestec Ernst & Company acquired the private client and clearing arm of Herzog Heine Geduld Inc in the USA. \nInvestec Ernst & Company acquired Vilas & Hickey from Merrill Lynch in the USA providing inter-dealer services for broker-dealers in corporate and convertible bonds, as well as preferred stocks. \nInvestec Ernst & Company acquired the Unit Investment Trust business from ING Funds, a subsidiary of the ING Group. \nInvestec Australia Limited acquired Wentworth Associates Pty Limited, an investment banking boutique, thereby providing a strong platform for the development of Investec’s specialised banking activities in Australia. \nInvestec expands its investment banking capabilities in the USA through the acquisition of PMG Group Inc. \nInvestec acquired the insurance and financial services businesses from Fedsure Holdings Limited. \nInvestec Bank (UK) Limited bought European Capital providing financial advisory and capital raising services in the fields of project and corporate finance for the capital goods, infrastructure and utility sectors. \nTaking advantage of the ongoing consolidation in the financial services industry, Investec acquired Merrill Lynch South Africa private client operation in Cape Town (subject to regulatory approval). \n2000-Investec bought the professional banking advances book of Mercantile Bank Limited in South Africa. \nThe private and corporate stockbroking businesses of Investec Securities and Investec Integrated Investments (formerly HSBC Simpson McKie Johannesburg Retail) merged, creating one of South Africa’s largest private and corporate client stockbroking and investment management businesses. The combined entity operates under the “Investec Securities” brand. \nInvestec Guinness Flight was rebranded Investec Asset Management. \nInvestec acquired certain of the assets of Global Capital Limited (including a controlling stake in SIB Holdings Limited). \nInvestec bought the private client portfolio management business of Quyn Martin Asset Management in South Africa. \nInvestec acquired the private client lending book of McCarthy Bank in South Africa.\n1999-IBUK merged with the banking business of Guinness Mahon. IBUK now incorporates Investec Henderson Crosthwaite (“IHC”), Investec Private Equity and Investec Insurance. \nThe private client portfolio management and stockbroking activities of Henderson Crosthwaite merged with Carr Sheppards and the company was renamed Carr Sheppards Crosthwaite Limited (“CSC”). \nInvestec sold Securities Investment Bank Limited into Saflife Limited (subsequently renamed SIB Holdings Limited). \nInvestec acquired the Johannesburg Retail Stockbroking division of HSBC Simpson McKie (Pty) Limited. \nErnst & Company was rebranded Investec Ernst & Company. \nIsrael General Bank was rebranded Investec Bank (Israel) Ltd. \nInvestec purchased Gandon Capital Markets, based in Dublin, Ireland, from GE Capital. The acquisition provided a link into the Irish corporate and institutional market and further enhanced Investec’s international structured finance and treasury capabilities. \nIBUK expanded its private banking services with the acquisition of part of the banking business of Kleinwort Benson Private Bank. \nInvestec Ernst & Company acquired the retail broking firm of the Royce Investment Group on Long Island, United States.\n1998-Investec acquired New York-based registered broker-dealer Ernst & Company. \nAll trading operations of Clive Discount Company were merged into Investec. \nInvestec acquired, from the Bank of Yokohama, Guinness Mahon Holdings PLC (Guinness Mahon). The purchase included 42% of Guinness Flight Hambro Asset Management Limited (GFH). \nInvestec acquired Hambros Plc, which included a further 42% of GFH. \nInvestec sold Investec Fleet Management (Pty) Ltd. to ABN Amro Lease Holding N.V. \nInvestec acquired management’s remaining stake in GFH. \nGFH merged with Investec Asset Management and was renamed Investec Guinness Flight Limited. \nErnst & Company acquired New York retail broker Stuart Coleman & Company. \nInvestec opened representative offices in Hong Kong and established an effective gateway into South East Asia. \nInvestec established asset management operations in Botswana and Namibia. Listings on the Namibian and Botswana Stock Exchanges followed. Investec Securities (Botswana) (Pty) Limited was registered and a licence to trade was approved.\n1997-ATB was renamed Investec Bank (UK) Limited (“IBUK”). \nThe Group restructured with all banking operations falling under Investec Merchant Bank Limited. Investec Bank Limited was renamed Investec Group Limited and Investec Merchant Bank Limited was renamed Investec Bank Limited. \nInvestec established an operation in Australia. \nInvestec acquired the Mauritian-based bank, Banque Privee Edmond de Rothschild (Ocean Indien) Ltee. \nInvestec opened a representative office in Hong Kong. \nThe Group established asset management operations in Botswana and Namibia. Listings on the Namibian and Botswana Stock Exchanges followed. Investec Securities (Botswana) (Pty) Limited was registered and a licence to trade was approved.\n1996-Investec acquired local South African stockbroker, Fergusson Bros. Limited. This was then integrated with other trading activities to form Investec Securities Limited. \nInvestec Bank (Jersey) Limited, a private bank based in Jersey, was established, motivated by the need to give clients greater offshore advantages. \nInvestec acquired a controlling interest in Israel General Bank Limited, the eighth largest bank in Israel. \nInvestec acquired London-based stockbroker and private client portfolio management company, Carr Sheppards Limited.\n1995-Investec acquired London-based Clive Discount Company (“Clive”), further enhancing its capability within the UK securities market and supporting its ability to distribute South African financial instruments nationally. \nInvestec acquired the money broking operations of Cazenove & Company, subsequently merged into Clive. \nInvestec acquired stockbroking company Solms & Company Inc. and became an active member of the JSE.\n1994-Investec acquired control of the listed securities trading group, Sechold Limited (Sechold).\n1993-Investec acquired South Africa’s oldest confirming house, Gerber Goldschmidt Finance (Pty) Limited.\n1992-Investec acquired London- based Allied Trust Bank Limited (“ATB”) – the first international acquisition by the Group.\n1991-Investec forged a strategic alliance with life assurance company Fedsure Holdings Limited, through the creation of significant cross shareholdings. This alliance resulted in an increase in the capital and extension of the range of financial products and services of both groups.\n1990-Investec acquisitions included property management company I. Kuper & Company (Pty) Limited, Corporate Merchant Bank Limited (formerly Hill Samuel Merchant Bank Limited) and trade finance company Reichmans Limited.\n1988-In a major restructuring, Investec Bank Limited, later Group Limited (“IGL”) listed. This listing placed control of the Group in the hands of Investec management and staff.\n1986-Investec merged with Metboard, a trust company established in 1937. This added portfolio management, a participating mortgage bond scheme and an in-house unit trust to the range of products and services offered by Investec. \nInvestec Holdings Limited (“Inhold”) listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange.\n1980-Investec acquires a banking licence. This enables it to expand its activities beyond leasing and installment finance into such areas as corporate and professional banking, treasury, corporate finance and project finance. Regional offices are opened in Durban and Cape Town and a network of international contacts is established.\n1974-Investec Bank Limited (“IBL”) originated as a small finance company in Johannesburg."},"INPP":{"companyName":"INVESTEC PLC PREF","ticker":"INPP","lastPrice":12200,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"INPPR":{"companyName":"Investec plc Pref (Rand)","ticker":"INPPR","lastPrice":9000,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"INPR":{"companyName":"INVESTEC LTD PREF","ticker":"INPR","lastPrice":8510,"bidPrice":8539,"offerPrice":8505,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"ISA":{"companyName":"ISA Holdings Limited","ticker":"ISA","lastPrice":176,"bidPrice":176,"offerPrice":169,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"20 May 1998 - Incorporated under the name Y3K Technologies Ltd.\n27 July 1998 - Name changed to Y3K Group Ltd.\n15 December 1998 - Listed on the JSE.\n24/06/2005- listing transfered to AltX"},"ISB":{"companyName":"Insimbi Ind Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"ISB","lastPrice":83,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Metallurg South Africa was founded in 1970 by the previous shareholder, Metallurg Europe Limited, a 100% subsidiary of Metallurg Incorporated. Initially, Metallurg South Africa’s offices were located in the centre of Johannesburg and warehousing was rented from Freight Services (Proprietary) Limited. In 1992, the operation was moved to its current premises in Wadeville. The Wadeville premises, which comprises approximately 9 000 m2 of offices and warehousing facilities are wholly-owned by Insimbi Properties. \n\nDuring the second half of 2003, the management of Metallurg South Africa entered into the first phase MBO with Metallurg South Africa. The first phase MBO received financial backing from Corfin, Corvest, and Tandem in the form of the sale shares, preference shares, Corvest claims, loan agreement and Tandem claims. Following the first phase MBO, Corfin, Corvest and Tandem effectively owned 67% of the company and the director shareholders and Langham Carter owned an effective 33%. In order to highlight the company’s new ownership, the director shareholders, Langham Carter, Corfin, Corvest and Tandem, decided to rebrand the company as Insimbi Alloy Supplies (Proprietary) Limited.\n\nOver the years, the core business of Insimbi expanded and today the company operates seven divisions which are based on industries and geographic locations, as follows:\n\nRefractory Division which services the steel industry’s refractory requirements; \nSpeciality Division which services the welding and optical industries; \nSteel Division which services the steel industry's raw material requirements; \nFoundry Division which services the foundry industry, both automotive and heavy; \nNon-Ferrous Division which services the aluminium industry; \nRotary Division which services the cement industry’s refractory requirements; and \nKwaZulu-Natal Division which services the KwaZulu-Natal and Mozambique markets in all of the above products \nWestern Cape which services the Western Cape markets in all of the above products \nThe expansion of Insimbi’s core business has resulted in the strengthening of the company’s technical back up and product ranges into the following major manufacturing industries:\n\niron and steel; \nferrous and non-ferrous; \naluminium smelters; \nfoundries; \ncopper mining; \npaper mills; \nsugar mills; and \nelectro platers \nInsimbi also caters for the small niche suppliers and markets and has over time diversified into a number of different product lines and fields, namely:\n\nceramic bricks/linings; \naluminium alloy; \nchemicals; \ntechnical textiles; and \nkiln re-alignment and mechanical preventative services \nIn April 2007, the director shareholders of Insimbi entered into the second phase MBO whereby the shareholding and funding of Insimbi was further restructured with the intention that, following the second phase MBO, the entire shareholding of the company would be held by the director shareholders.\n\nInsimbi was converted from a private company to a public company on 12 February 2008.\n\nOn 27 January 2008, Insimbi Alloy Supplies acquired the plant and equipment, furniture and fittings and computers used by Future Alloys to conduct its aluminium alloys business. Future Alloys manufactures aluminium alloys with its primary focus being on the production of the ADC12 grade of alloy. The business complements that of Insimbi Alloy Supplies and its smelting plant currently has excess capacity. The acquisition allows Insimbi Alloy Supplies to make use of Future Alloys’ existing manufacturing facilities, while also offering Insimbi access to greater capacity.\n\nInsimbi listed on AltX on 14 March 2008 through private placement.\n\nIn March 2009 the plant and property of GMSA, a steel and alloys agent in the Western Cape, was acquired. The transaction enables Insimbi to expand its footprint and strengthen its markets throughout the country. \n\n11 July 2018: NSIMBI REFRACTORY & ALLOY SUP LIMITED - Name Change - Insimbi Industrial Holdings Limited"},"ITE":{"companyName":"Italtile Ltd","ticker":"ITE","lastPrice":940,"bidPrice":953,"offerPrice":940,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Italtile was founded 38 years ago, and was listed on the Industrial Building and Construction sector of the Johannesburg Stock Exchange on 8 August 1988. \n\nFollowing a phase of rapid growth in the late 1980s and early 1990s, which resulted in the broadening of its production base, Italtile separated its manufacturing and retailing operations into two separate focused listed companies. \n\nWith effect from 31 August 1991, Italtile disposed of its ceramic manufacturing operation to Ceramic Industries Limited. Shares acquired in terms of the restructure were distributed to the shareholders to hold investments in two clearly focused listed companies. 1992 saw the commencement of the company's CTM franchising operation. In 1994, the company transferred its listing from the Building and Construction sector to the Stores sector of the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, to align the listing with the group's core business activity. In 1998 Italtile established an international presence, with the company's expansion into Australia."},"IVT":{"companyName":"Invicta Holdings Ltd","ticker":"IVT","lastPrice":2620,"bidPrice":2637,"offerPrice":2591,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"History of the Group\n\n1960s to 1980s\nIncorporated as West Rand Organ Company (Pty) Ltd\nLists on the JSE in 1987 as “Skirtskip Clothing Limited” Disposes of its interest in clothing\nmanufacturing in 1989 and acquires companies involved in the engineering, textile and leisure industries\nChanges its name to “Nova Constantia Limited”\n\n1990s\nDivests of its textile interest\nAcquires the retail bearing and transmission\nbusinesses called Invicta Bearings. At that\ntime, the Company’s divisions included industrial consumables, engineering, sports goods and telecommunications, but bearings soon became the core business\n\nChanges name to “Invicta Holdings Limited”\nAcquires Autobax, CSE Equipment Company and Engine parts"},"IVTP":{"companyName":"Invicta Hldgs Ltd pref","ticker":"IVTP","lastPrice":9600,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"JBL":{"companyName":"Jubilee Metals Group plc","ticker":"JBL","lastPrice":191,"bidPrice":194,"offerPrice":182,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Jubilee Metals Group Plc is a mining exploration and development company with a primary focus on platinum group elements (PGE). Jubilee also has various operational exposures to ferroalloys and chromite. Through recent acquisitions, the Company has added PGE and ferroalloy smelting and refining to its capability.\n\nJubilee’s corporate mission in the metals industry is straightforward. The Company aims to create an integrated mine-to-metals company with a primary focus on platinum. This mission is based on modern and thoroughly-proven smelting technology to process the Company’s own and other’s high-chrome PGE concentrates and, importantly, to improve mining environments by reprocessing mine tailings dumped by other miners.\n\nThe Company’s prime asset in South Africa is the Tjate platinum project, in which it has a 63% beneficial interest. The project’s exploration area is judged to host the world’s largest undeveloped block of defined platinum ore, covering some 5,140 hectares to a potential target of some 65 million oz (41 million oz attributable) of PGEs and gold, net of geological losses.\n\nIn October 2009, Jubilee acquired Braemore Resources plc, which holds an exclusive licence to the ConRoast process for the smelting of high chrome-bearing PGE concentrates and has acquired extensive process development expertise. Jubilee’s first goal is to complete the establishment of commercial ConRoast operations to recover platinum group metals from difficult-to-treat concentrates, residues and tailings. The ConRoast plant is being established at the recently acquired and strategically located ferroalloy smelting facility in Middelburg.\n\nJubilee has secured its own medium-term platinum concentrates for its Middelburg smelter facilities through the acquisition of Chemstof (Pty) Ltd, a South African chromite producer. The acquisition will allow Jubilee to process stockpiled and current PGE-rich chromite tailings, providing ConRoast with a ready supply of own platinum concentrate for processing. This strengthens the Company’s stated strategy of unlocking the value of platinum in chromite resources through its exclusive right to the ConRoast process, adding further to Jubilee’s competitive edge.\n\nJubilee is in early stage exploration in Madagascar, where it is undertaking a limited exploratory drilling programme on the Ambodilafa project.\n\nIn Australia, Jubilee is evaluating a pre flotation and atmospheric leaching process facility to recover nickel from the tailings of the Leinster mine in Western Australia. The Company has rights through a tailings supply agreement with BHP-Billiton (BHPB) to test and, if appropriate, to process nickel tailings from BHPB’s Leinster mine and conditionally thereafter, from its Kambalda and Mount Keith operations.\n\nJubilee is dedicated to sustainable and socially responsible development and, as a company, ensures its projects adhere to the highest environmental standards. The Company is also a firm proponent for the role of foreign direct investment as a key form of social development in developing African countries."},"JSE":{"companyName":"JSE Ltd","ticker":"JSE","lastPrice":9249,"bidPrice":9263,"offerPrice":9100,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1887 The JSE is established as a stock exchange.\n\n1947 The first legislation applicable to the operation of exchanges is introduced with the Stock Exchanges Control Act.\n\n1963 JSE becomes a member of the World Federation of Exchanges.\n\n1978 The JSE achieves a market capitalisation of R51 billion, eight times the market size in 1961 – a record for the JSE.\n\n1979 Krugerrands are officially listed.\n\n1995 Substantial amendments are made to the legislation applicable to stock exchanges which result in the deregulation of the JSE through the introduction of limited liability corporate and foreign membership. The South African Institute of Stockbrokers is formed to represent, train and set standards for the qualification of stockbrokers. In December, the market capitalisation exceeds R1 trillion for the first time.\n\n1996 The open outcry trading floor is closed on 7 June and replaced by an order driven, centralised, automated trading system known as the Johannesburg Equities Trading (JET) system. Dual trading capacity and negotiated brokerage is introduced. The value of shares traded annually reaches a new record of R117.4 billion and the new capital raised during the year reaches R28.4 billion.\n\n1997 SENS (Securities Exchange News Service – known then as Stock Exchange News Service), a real time news service for the dissemination of company announcements and price sensitive information, is introduced. SENS ensures early and wide dissemination of all information that may have an effect on the prices of securities that trade on the JSE.\n\n1999 In January, the new Insider Trading Act is introduced based on recommendations made by the King Task Group on Corporate Governance, which included representatives from the JSE. The JSE establishes, in collaboration with South Africa’s four largest commercial banks, the electronic settlement system, STRATE, and the process to dematerialise and electronically settle securities listed on the JSE on a rolling, contractual and guaranteed basis is initiated.\n\n2000 The JSE successfully lists Satrix 40, the JSE’s first exchange traded fund, which tracks the top 40 companies listed on the JSE’s Main Board.\n\n2001 The JSE acquires SAFEX, the South African Futures Exchange, and becomes the leader in both equities and equity and agricultural derivatives trading in the South African market. The JSE enters into a joint venture with GL Trade SA to provide an internationally accepted trading front-end to the equities market, known in South Africa as TALX.\n\n2002 All listed securities are successfully dematerialised and migrated to the STRATE electronic settlement environment, with rolling, contractual and guaranteed settlement for equities taking place five days after trade (T+5). Since the completion of this process, the JSE has had a zero failed trade record, thereby improving market integrity immeasurably and representing a major milestone in winning both local and international investor confidence. The JET system is replaced by the LSE’s SETS system, hosted by the LSE in London. The system, operated from London by the LSE, is called “JSE SETS”. The JSE also introduces the LSE’s LMIL system, known in South Africa as InfoWiz to provide a world-class information dissemination system and substantially improve the distribution of real-time equities market information. More than just a change in technology platforms, the introduction of JSE SETS also represented the forging of a strategic alliance with the LSE and improved the international visibility of the JSE. \n\nThe JSE also takes an important step forward in its campaign to modernise its operations with the launch of a new free float indexing system in conjunction with FTSE, namely the FTSE/JSE African Index Series to replace the then existing indices. The FTSE/JSE African Index Series has enhanced the investibility of South African stocks by providing foreign investors with an indexing system with which they are familiar. Two new exchange traded funds are launched, namely Satrix Fini, which tracks the top 15 financial counters and Satrix Indi, which tracks the top 25 industrial counters, on the Main Board of the JSE.\n\n2003 The JSE launches AltX. AltX has been developed in partnership with the dti.\n\n2004 The JSE launches the Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) Index, which measures compliance by companies with triple bottom line criteria around economic, environmental and social sustainability.\n\n2005 The JSE launches Yield-X, its market for a wide range of interest rate products. This world-first allows for the trading of both spot and derivative interest rate products on one platform with multi-lateral netting across all products. The JSE demutualises and incorporates in South Africa as JSE Limited, a public unlisted company on 1 July 2005. Existing rights holders of the JSE become its first shareholders and for the first time in the JSE’s history, a person who is not an Authorised User of the JSE or a stockbroker can obtain an ownership interest in the JSE. Immediately on demutualisation, JSE rights were converted into JSE Shares and each rights holder received 1 000 JSE Shares for every 1 JSE right held. This resulted in the JSE having an authorised share capital of R40 million made up of 40 000 000 ordinary shares of R1.00 each, of which 8 340 250 ordinary shares were issued to previous rights holders. Over the counter trading in JSE Shares commences with settlement of the trades occurring through STRATE.\n\n2006 In June 2006 the JSE Ltd lists on the Main Board"},"KAL":{"companyName":"KAL Group Limited","ticker":"KAL","lastPrice":4650,"bidPrice":4686,"offerPrice":4381,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The Group has its origin in 1912 when a few farmers founded Westelike Graanboere with the\npurpose of purchasing guano as fertiliser. Subsequent amalgamations, acquisitions and expansions occurred, with the notable events being the formation of WPK in 1981, the formation of Boland Agri in 2002 and the amalgamation of these entities in 2005, thereby forming Kaap Agri. Subsequent expansions have resulted in Kaap Agri today having a footprint in seven provinces as well as a presence in Namibia, together comprising more than 100 sites and over 190 business units."},"KAP":{"companyName":"KAP Limited","ticker":"KAP","lastPrice":261,"bidPrice":265,"offerPrice":259,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"19 January 1978 - Incorporated as Arltrow (Pty) Ltd.\n30 May 1993 - Name change to Vleissentraal Industries (Pty) Ltd.\n21 June 1993 - Converted to a Public company.\n19 November 1993 - Name change to Kolosus Holdings Ltd.\n13 December 1994 - Listed on JSE.\n22/11/2004 - name changed from Kolosus to Kap International"},"KBO":{"companyName":"Kibo Energy plc","ticker":"KBO","lastPrice":1,"bidPrice":1,"offerPrice":1,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Kibo is an Irish registered company established in 2008 to focus on exploration and development of gold and nickel deposits in Tanzania. Its shares are quoted on the Alternative Investment Market (AIM) of the London Stock Exchange. \n\nThe Company has 534,150 ounces of gold in the the Indicated and Inferred (JORC-compliant) categories in two deposits in the Lake Victoria Goldfields. The Company also has two earlier stage exploration projects: a nickel-platinoid-gold project located just north of Tanzania's capital city, Dodoma, in central Tanzania and a gold projects located close to the town of Morogoro located between Dodoma and Tanzania's principal city and port, Dar es Salaam. \n\nOn the 30th December 2010 the Company signed an Agreement with Mzuri Gold Limited (Mzuri Gold), part of Cyprus based Mzuri Capital Group Limited ( the Mzuri Group). The Agreement provides for a strategic investment by the Mzuri Group in Kibo, the acquisition by Kibo of a large portfolio of Tanzanian mineral rights and applications held by Mzuri Gold, and a dual listing of Kibo's shares on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE Limited). The terms of the Agreement are scheduled to be fully implemented by 30 April 2011. \n\nOn completion of the Agreement with Mzuri Gold, Kibo will have access to one of the largest mineral right portfolios in Tanzania, both in the established and gold prolific Lake Victoria Goldfields and in the newly emerging goldfields of eastern Tanzania between the towns of Morogoro, Dodoma and Handeni."},"KIO":{"companyName":"Kumba Iron Ore Ltd","ticker":"KIO","lastPrice":52825,"bidPrice":53262,"offerPrice":51877,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"In 2001 Kumba Resources was unbundled from its former parent South African Government-owned Iscor (renamed Mittal Steel with effect from 11 March 2005) and was listed on the JSE in the same year. Iscor had been the major integrated South African steel producer for more than 70 years and its mining division, Iscor Mining, had provided security of iron ore supply for its steel mills.\n\nIscor’s first mine, Thabazimbi mine, was established in the Limpopo Province in 1932 to supply iron ore to the Pretoria Works steel plant, where the first steel was cast in 1934. Sishen mine was established in the Northern Cape Province in 1954 as a mine that served Iscor only. In 1976, however, the South African Government invested in the infrastructure to enable the export of iron ore from the Sishen mine via the Sishen-Saldanha rail link and port facility. This opened up a new era of growth for the iron ore business.\n\nIn 1989, Iscor was privatised and in 2001 was unbundled into two separately listed mining and steel companies, namely Kumba Resources and Iscor, respectively. At the time of the unbundling, the mines that had been developed by Iscor for coal, zinc and certain industrial minerals used in steel production, together with its two iron ore mines as well as its heavy mineral interests, became part of Kumba Resources.\n\nFollowing the Kumba Resources empowerment transaction, Kumba Iron Ore will control 74% of Kumba Resources’ iron ore assets through its ownership of 74% in SIOC. Exxaro, being the reconstituted Kumba Resources after the implementation of the series of transactions as set out in the Kumba Resources circular, will retain a 20% shareholding in SIOC with the balance of 6% held by the SIOC ESPS and the SIOC Community Development Trust.\n\nKumba Iron Ore will thus become a focused producer of high grade iron ore and the fourth largest supplier of seaborne iron ore in the world. Currently, approximately 73% of Kumba Iron Ore’s total annual production is exported to 30 major customers in various geographical regions. Kumba Iron Ore’s principal operating assets at the time of listing will be the Sishen and Thabazimbi mines. Together, these two mines produce 32Mtpa of iron ore. The combined resources of the two mines exceed 2 billion tonnes of high quality iron ore.\n\n2017\nKumba best performing share on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) Reinstate dividends Introduced three transformation horizons \nto enhance our competitive position Kolomela achieved ISO 14001 Environmental Management and OHSAS 18001 Health and Safety system certifications \n\n2018\nApproved the Tswelelopele strategy with three horizons Transfer of Thabazimbi, including employees, assets and liabilities as well as the mining rights to ArcelorMittal SA, effective 1 November \n\n2018\nKolomela mining right amended to include \nHeuningkranz prospecting right\n\n2019\nZandrivierspoort – expiry of prospecting rights in Limpopo, the strategic focus remains in \nNorthern Cape\n\n2020\nCovid-19 pandemic impacts not only Kumba but the entire world. Our WeCare response programme \nwas implemented as a comprehensive set of \nrisk-based prevention and control measures\nApproved the Kapstevel South project Kumba delivers strong financial performance in a buoyant commodity market, but production volumes impacted by Covid-19 restrictions\n\n2021\nKumba remained fatality-free for more than \nfive years, supported by our elimination of fatalities (EOF) framework UHDMS project approved – optimal value will be achieved through \nlife-of-mine extension and increasing product quality Kumba awarded first place in the Sunday Times Top 100 Companies (generated shareholder \nreturns that outperformed their listed peers)\nResettlement of Dingleton community (which began \nin 2014) successfully concluded"},"KP2":{"companyName":"Kore Potash plc","ticker":"KP2","lastPrice":24,"bidPrice":24,"offerPrice":23,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"KRO":{"companyName":"Karooooo Ltd","ticker":"KRO","lastPrice":55000,"bidPrice":55000,"offerPrice":51500,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"KST":{"companyName":"PSG Fin Services Ltd","ticker":"KST","lastPrice":1554,"bidPrice":1562,"offerPrice":1535,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"LAB":{"companyName":"Labat Africa Ltd","ticker":"LAB","lastPrice":7,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"21 April 1986 - Incorporated under the name Flujon (Pty) Ltd. \n29 June 1987 - Converted into a public company and changed its name to Dashaus Investment Holdings Ltd.\n21 August 1989 - Name changed to Acrem Holdings Ltd following a reverse take-over of the general retailing business of Acme Stores.\n14 June 1999 - Name changed to Labat Africa Ltd."},"LBR":{"companyName":"Libstar Holdings Ltd","ticker":"LBR","lastPrice":380,"bidPrice":388,"offerPrice":374,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"LEW":{"companyName":"Lewis Group Ltd","ticker":"LEW","lastPrice":4500,"bidPrice":4700,"offerPrice":4450,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The Lewis Group's origins date back to 1934 when one Lewis store was opened in Woodstock, Cape Town. Today Lewis Stores is the largest furniture chain by number of stores in South Africa. \n\n1930's \n1934: Latvian-born Meyer Lewis buys 'Woodstock Auction Mart' in Cape Town. \n1936: The name changes to M. Lewis & Company and new furniture is introduced to its range of products. \n1940's \n1946: Lewis is incorporated on the JSE under the name 'Lewis Stores Limited'. The household furnishing businesses and the entire issued share capital of M. Lewis and Company (Pty) Ltd is acquired from Meyer, Jack and Israel Lewis. Shares are listed on the the Johannesburg Stock Exchange to raise capital for expanding the business in South Africa. \n1947: GUS plc enters the South African retail furniture market by acquiring a controlling interest in Lewis and Barons Furnishers Limited. Lewis is subsequently de-listed. \n1950's \n1950: A programme of expansion commences and runs over the next seven years. \n1957: The Lewis Group has 55 stores trading under the names 'Barons', 'Excelsior Meubels', 'Lewis' and 'Universal Stores' (the latter being a credit clothing chain with nine stores). \n1960's and 1970's \n1969-1972: Lewis Group establishes branches in Botswana, Namibia and Swaziland. \n1972: Lewis Group acquires a furniture chain of about 50 stores from Edcon, which is rebranded 'Dan Hands'. Its clothing chain, Universal Stores, is sold to Edcon. \n1973: The number of stores in the Group reaches 227. \n1980's and 1990's \n1980-1990: Further expansion takes place with the Lewis Group growing by an additional 100 stores. Lewis Lesotho is established. \n1994: The Lewis Group's financial services arm is established through wholly-owned subsidiary, Monarch Insurance. \n1997: The Lewis Group decides to move away from the lower end of the market and 130 Dan Hands stores are converted to Lewis stores. \n1998: The Best Electric chain is launched to sell specialised electrical products in six stores in high traffic areas. A credit application scoring system is implemented. \n2000's \n1999 - 2000: The Group embarks on a major investment in information and technology systems. \n2003: The Lewis Group acquires the entire issued share capital in Lifestyle Living, which has 18 stores serving a higher income market. \n2004: The Lewis Group lists on the JSE with GUS Plc retaining a controlling interest. \n2005: GUS Plc dispose of its remaining 50% stake in the Lewis Group."},"LHC":{"companyName":"Life Healthc Grp Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"LHC","lastPrice":1065,"bidPrice":1087,"offerPrice":1063,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Life Healthcare has operated hospitals for more than 25 years. Over this time we have grown through acquisitions and the construction of new hospitals during the 1980s and early 1990s, a period during which the South African private hospital industry was characterised by expansion and fragmentation. Our next growth phase in the late 1990s and early 2000s coincided with a period of consolidation in the South African private hospital industry. \n\n2010 - Listed on JSE Limited main board. \nAcquired Life Bay View Private Hospital in Mossel Bay. \n \n2009 - Built Life Orthopaedic Hospital and Life Beacon Bay Hospital. \nEstablished first two dedicated acute paediatric rehabilitation units. \n \n2008 - Acquired remaining 45% stake in Life Esidimeni. \n \n2006 - Built Life Fourways Hospital. \n \n2005 - Delisted and sold to private consortium led by Brimstone and Mvelaphanda. Changed name from Afrox Healthcare to Life Healthcare. \n \n2004 - From 2004 until 2008, operated a UK business, Partnership Health Group (PHG), a 50-50 joint venture with healthcare services company, Care UK Plc. Built and operated independent sector treatment centres on behalf of the UK National Health Service. \n \n2002 - Acquired Amahosp Group, comprising four hospitals and healthcare facilities in Durban. \n \n2000 - Launched chronic renal dialysis business, and continued expanding through the establishment of renal units across Johannesburg and in East London. \n \n1999 - Acquired Presmed hospital group, comprising 38 hospitals and healthcare facilities, in a transaction structured as a merger and reverse listing on the JSE. \nAcquired 55% of Lifecare (now Life Esidimeni), and established a public private partnership with the South African government. \n \n1998 - Acquired Port Elizabeth Hospital Group. \nExpanded into chronic mental healthcare with a facility in Port Elizabeth, and subsequently established mental health treatment facilities in East London, Johannesburg and Durban. \n \n1997 - Opened first acute physical and cognitive rehabilitation unit for patients recovering from severe trauma and neurological insult. Business expanded over the next decade through the establishment of additional rehabilitation units at hospitals in Johannesburg, Bloemfontein, Durban, Pretoria and East London. \n \n1995 - Acquired Afrox Occupational Health Care, and launched occupational healthcare business. \n \n1984 - Established first operation outside of South Africa, with the acquisition of the Gaborone Hospital in Botswana. \n \n1983 - Group founded as the hospitals division of African Oxygen Limited (Afrox), with the acquisition from the Ammed Group of four hospitals."},"LNF":{"companyName":"London Fin Inv Group plc","ticker":"LNF","lastPrice":1200,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"City Group was established over 30 years ago and provides outsourced company secretarial services and corporate governance advice to small listed companies. It has clients listed on The London Stock Exchange, AIM, Aquis Growth Exchange and the Johannesburg Stock Exchange.\nCity Group P.L.C. is owned by two listed companies:\nLondon Finance & Investment Group P.L.C. and Western Selection P.L.C."},"LSK":{"companyName":"Lesaka Technologies Inc","ticker":"LSK","lastPrice":9000,"bidPrice":9000,"offerPrice":9000,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Lesaka is the leading provider of secure and affordable transaction channels between formal business and un-banked and under-banked individuals. \n\nThrough the supply of chip card technologies and systems such as its Universal Electronic Payment System(U.E.P.S.) Net1 provides alternative payment solutions for populations in developing economies that have no or limited access to traditional banking facilities, estimated at four billion people. \n\nNet1’s U.E.P.S. allows its target market to enter affordably into electronic transactions with each other, government agencies, banks, employers, merchants and other financial service providers. This is believed to be a global first. \n\nThe system uses secure smart cards operating in real-time but offline, including the SIM card present in mobile phones, to provide a fully integrated payment, switching and settlement solution suitable for multiple applications and services. Its offline capability allows card holders to transact with other users at any time in even the remotest of areas where traditional payment systems offered by major banking institutions have limited penetration or are unavailable due to no, or limited branch, ATM, POS and communications infrastructure. \n\nU.E.P.S. provides an outsourced solution capable of managing, on a large scale, payments made to recipients without bank accounts. It reduces administration and cash handling costs, facilitates payment status information management and creates auditable transaction records for individuals, government agencies, employers, merchants and other financial service providers."},"LTE":{"companyName":"Lighthouse Properties plc","ticker":"LTE","lastPrice":782,"bidPrice":789,"offerPrice":775,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"MCG":{"companyName":"MultiChoice Group Ltd","ticker":"MCG","lastPrice":11560,"bidPrice":11766,"offerPrice":11500,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The Group has grown into one of the leading video entertainment operators on the African continent and is one of the fastest growing pay-TV broadcast providers global1, entertaining over 13.5 million households in 50 countries across multiple platforms, including digital satellite television (“DTH” or “Direct to Home”) and digital terrestrial television (“DTT”), as well as through online solutions.\n\nToday, the Group is structured around the following three business segments:\n• South Africa, the Group’s division that offers digital satellite television and subscription video-on-demand\nservices to 6.9 million subscribers in South Africa as at 31 March 2018. Connected Video, which forms part of\nthe South Africa segment from a financial reporting standpoint, delivers online video entertainment services to\nsubscribers;\n• Rest of Africa, the Group’s division which offers digital satellite, online services and digital terrestrial television\nservices to 6.6 million subscribers across Africa as at 31 March 2018; and\n• Technology, which includes the Group’s leading digital platform and application security division, Irdeto.\nIn the past two financial years, the Group has generated resilient revenue and subscriber growth. For further information please see “Part XI – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”.\nAs a pioneer in the African pay-TV ecosystem, the Group has played an important role in making information and entertainment easily accessible. As an African business, its investments have brought both social and economic benefits to the communities in which it operates, through investments in content, access to information, job opportunities, partnerships and training. Some of the key corporate social responsibility programmes initiated by the Group include:\n• the Let’s Play initiative, an award winning, corporate social initiative programme aimed at encouraging young people to participate in sport;\n• the MultiChoice Diski Challenge, a football development programme, which has created opportunities for young, aspiring footballers to become professionals and enhance their life-skills, and has also created a platform\nfor interns working towards a career in broadcasting. In addition, the MultiChoice Diski Challenge content partnership with community TV stations provides full, live content rights, free of charge, to community TV channels;\n• the Magic in Motion Academy which plays a critical role in contributing skills in the film and TV industry and empowering the next generation of storytellers by giving young Africans on-the-job training and the opportunity\nto get hands-on experience by working with experienced producers; and\nBased on company filings in 2017.\n\n• the SuperSport Rugby Challenge, which is a rugby tournament in association with SA Rugby that aims to re-establish amateur rugby, including the vital link between club and provincial rugby.\n\nToday, the Group employs more than 9 000 people, mostly in Africa, and indirectly creates economic prosperity for over 20 000 more who are employed by its various partners and suppliers across the continent. It remains committed to broad, socio-economic transformation in South Africa, most notably through Phuthuma Nathi Investments (RF) Limited (“PN 1”) and Phuthuma Nathi Investments 2 (RF) Limited (“PN 2”) (collectively, “PN”), its share schemes, aimed at empowering local communities."},"MCZ":{"companyName":"MC Mining Limited","ticker":"MCZ","lastPrice":173,"bidPrice":173,"offerPrice":173,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Coal of Africa Ltd, originally GVM Metals Limited, was incorporated in Western Australia in 1979, and listed on the Australian Stock Exchange in 1980. The company focused primarily on minerals exploration in Western Australia and Indonesia.\n\nThrough a series of strategic acquisitions, Coal of Africa has moved its focus from being a gold, platinum and base metals exploration company to becoming a coal mining and metals processing business, targeting predominantly South African mining and minerals processing assets.\n\nIn 2005 it was decided to seek a listing on the AIM market of the London Stock Exchange in the UK in order to expand the shareholder base. This was achieved in November of that year and has been the first of a series of major developments for the Company.\n\nIn November 2006, the Company listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE), a move which will assist the Company to further expand its interests in South Africa by allowing the Company to acquire assets by means of share issue."},"MDI":{"companyName":"Master Drilling Grp Ltd","ticker":"MDI","lastPrice":1145,"bidPrice":1145,"offerPrice":1140,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"MFL":{"companyName":"Metrofile Holdings Ltd","ticker":"MFL","lastPrice":248,"bidPrice":248,"offerPrice":248,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1969 - The origins of the MGX group's business commenced when the first Computer Output to Micro-film equipment from Bell & Howell Inc was brought into South Africa.\n18 November 1983 - Incorporated.\n1985 - On Bell & Howell's disinvestment from South Africa Micro-graphix was purchased by Eureka.\n26 June 1995 - MGX was listed on the JSE.\n07/02/2005- changed the name from MGX to Metrofile"},"MHB":{"companyName":"Mahube Infrastructure Ltd","ticker":"MHB","lastPrice":470,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Name change of GAI Infrastructure Capital Limited - Wednesday, 4 November\n \nTrading commences on the JSE under share code MHB Wednesday, 4 November"},"MKR":{"companyName":"Montauk Renewables Inc","ticker":"MKR","lastPrice":8980,"bidPrice":9337,"offerPrice":8900,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"MMP":{"companyName":"Marshall Monteagle plc","ticker":"MMP","lastPrice":3000,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The Company is incorporated as a société anonyme in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg with financial holding company status. Its activities in Luxembourg comprise the central supervision and control of the Group's investments in its operating subsidiaries and the administration of a general investment portfolio. Shares are listed on the Luxembourg, London and Johannesburg Stock Exchanges."},"MNP":{"companyName":"Mondi plc","ticker":"MNP","lastPrice":36760,"bidPrice":36959,"offerPrice":36655,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The roots of the global business that is now Mondi were first planted in 1967 in South Africa, when our former owners Anglo American plc built the Merebank Mill. Following more than two decades’ growth and consolidation in South Africa, we came to Europe in the early 1990s to start a long period of expansion through acquisition. \n\nWe have bought businesses in countries including Austria, the UK, France, Russia, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Denmark, the Netherlands, Bulgaria and Italy, as well as operations in Mexico.\n\nDuring this time, many major companies – often market leaders in their home nations – became part of Mondi. These included Austria’s Neusiedler AG and Frantschach AG, Cofinec in Poland, and Russia’s Syktyvkar Mill, which is central to our future expansion plans alongside emerging opportunities in Asia and the Americas.\n\nWe became an independent dual-listed business in mid-2007 when we successfully demerged from Anglo American with listings on the London and Johannesburg Stock Exchanges.\n\nFrom January 2008, in place of the former Mondi Packaging and Mondi Business Paper business units, we now operate as two divisions: Europe & International and South Africa."},"MPT":{"companyName":"Mpact Limited","ticker":"MPT","lastPrice":2700,"bidPrice":2724,"offerPrice":2656,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The Group’s businesses have been in operation for many years in South Africa. Since the 1980s, Mondi Group, now a global integrated paper and packaging business, has built the Group’s businesses via acquisitions and organic growth. Prior to 2005, the Group operated as a division of Mondi Group’s paper and packaging operations in South Africa. In 2005, Mondi Limited contributed its recycled based packaging and industrial papers and corrugated packaging business in South Africa to a newly created entity, Mondi Packaging South Africa (Proprietary) Limited. Initially Shanduka, one of the largest African black-owned and managed investment companies in South Africa, owned 40% and Mondi Limited owned 55%, with the remaining 5% interest being owned by Mondi Employee Investments, an employee investment scheme. Shanduka currently owns an interest in the Group as part of its investment portfolio comprising natural resources, financial services, real estate, energy, beverages and industrial companies. The Group entered the plastics business in January 2007 with the purchase of a majority interest in Linpac Materials Handling SA (Proprietary) Limited, a rigid plastic containers operation in Western Cape which produces plastic crates and bins. In July 2007, the Group expanded its plastics operations with the acquisition of 100% of the Lenco Group, whose operations focus on the production of rigid plastic packaging (such as pre-forms, bottles, closures and styrene trays) for use in the food, beverage, pharmaceutical personal care and homecare industries. The Group’s plastics business currently has operations in various major population centres in South Africa and one in Zimbabwe. In December 2008, the Group was refinanced through a cash injection from Mondi Limited which allowed for the repayment of external debt. The funds were provided by way of loans and equity. As a result of the refinancing, Mondi Limited’s shareholding in the business increased from 55% to 70% and Shanduka’s was reduced from 40% to 25%. Immediately prior the Demerger, the Group will be owned 10.45% by Shanduka and 89.55% by Mondi Limited, following (i) the acquisition by Mondi Limited of the 5% interest currently owned by Mondi Employee Investments and (ii) a new share subscription to the Company.\nSince 2005, the Group has invested more than R1,650 million in capital expenditures. This includes R1,134 million in its paper business for investments such as a rebuild of its board machine coating section at its Springs mill and the installation of high graphic printers at certain of its corrugated packaging sites to enhance product quality and enable production of value-added niche products and, a complete refurbishing of its containerboard machine at its Felixton mill which allowed it to produce lightweight recycled containerboard and increased containerboard production by 45,000 tonnes per annum. Since 2007, the Group has also invested R486 million in its plastics business by upgrading its facilities and installing a new compression moulding closure plant, as well as a PET hot fill line at its Wadeville plastics facility. With effect from 1 April 2011, the Group divested Paperlink, its South African paper merchant business, to the Mondi Group for R93 million. This divestiture will allow the Group to focus on its core paper and plastic packaging operations. Additionally the Group has agreed to sell a 25% interest in its recycling division to Mondi Limited with effect\nfrom 1 July 2011."},"MRF":{"companyName":"Merafe Resources Ltd","ticker":"MRF","lastPrice":125,"bidPrice":126,"offerPrice":124,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"24 July 1987 - Incorporated.\n1989 - Listed on the JSE.\n20 December 1999 - Name changed from Southern Witwatersrand Exploration Co Ltd.\n29/11/2004 - changed the name from South African Chrome to Merafe Resources Ltd"},"MRP":{"companyName":"Mr Price Group Ltd","ticker":"MRP","lastPrice":18500,"bidPrice":18685,"offerPrice":18263,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1885 – First John Orrs store opens \n1934 – First Hub store opens \n1952 – John Orrs listed on the JSE \n1967 – Acquisition of two Miladys stores \n1986 – Laurie Chiappini and Stewart Cohen, together with BOE acquire a major shareholding in John Orr Holdings (Group stores 118) \n1987 – First Mr Price store opens \n1991 – Laurie Chiappini and Stewart Cohen acquire control of the Group from BOE (Group stores 167) \n1993 – Launch of the Mr Price Group Partnership (Group stores 176) \n1996 – Acquisition of Galaxy & Co. and Sheet Street (Group stores 376) \n1997 – Alastair McArthur appointed CEO (Group stores 456) \n1998 – Mr Price Home launched (Group stores 534) \n1999 – Mr Price Heroes introduced (Group stores 604) \n2000 – Mr Price extends to Botswana and Namibia (Group stores 655) \n2001 – Speciality Stores becomes Mr Price Group (Group stores 708) \n2002 – Mr Price sells over 3 million jeans (Group stores 740) \n2003 – Mr Price Home sells over 3 million pieces of crockery (Group stores 794) \n2004 – Mr Price reaches the R2 billion sales mark (Group stores 800) \n2005 – Over 116 million units sold across the group (Group stores 816) \n2006 – Sale of the Hub and Galaxy divisions. Retail sales reach R5 billion (Group stores 761) \n2007 – Launch of the Mr Price Sport and Mr Price Franchising (Group stores 829).\n2008 - Mr Price Apparel voted the most loved apparel retail brand.\n2009 - Mr Price Sport achieves national footprint.\n2010 - Mr Price sponsored Sharks win the Currie Cup.\nIn 2011 the group celebrated the silver\nanniversary of the change in control of John\nOrrs. During that quarter century sales grew\nfrom R100 million to R10 billion, attributable\nprofits rose from R2,6 million to over R1\nbillion and the share price increased from\n30 cents to R75, in the process benefitting\nthousands of associates"},"MSP":{"companyName":"MAS P.L.C","ticker":"MSP","lastPrice":1701,"bidPrice":1720,"offerPrice":1681,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"MST":{"companyName":"Mustek Ltd","ticker":"MST","lastPrice":825,"bidPrice":876,"offerPrice":822,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Founded by David Kan in 1987, the Mustek Limited Group was listed on the Johannesburg Securities Exchange in 1997, and currently comprises the active operations of Mustek, Comztek and Rectron. Mustek, from its corporate headquarters in Midrand, South Africa, oversees the activities of its business units operating in its chosen markets in Africa and South Africa."},"MTA":{"companyName":"Metair Investments Ltd","ticker":"MTA","lastPrice":1080,"bidPrice":1100,"offerPrice":1077,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Metair Investments Limited (\"Metair\") encompasses a portfolio of companies manufacturing and distributing products predominantly for the automotive industry. The seven operating subsidiaries and two associate companies are autonomously managed and each has a specific product focus. \n\nAutomotive components are supplied primarily to South African assemblers of new vehicles (OEMs), but the group also supplies components for the replacement market and a proportion of output is exported.\n\nProducts manufactured include heating and cooling systems, shock adsorbers, springs, lead acid batteries, lighting and signaling devices, plastic mouldings, wiring harnesses and front end modules.\n\nMetair is dedicated to the automotive industry and through partnerships and technical relationships, brings a South African focus to a global industry. Ongoing investments in facilities and people ensure that subsidiary companies meet the challenge of continuous quality and efficiency improvements and maintain a competitive edge despite increasing demands from customers to reduce costs."},"MTH":{"companyName":"Motus Holdings Ltd","ticker":"MTH","lastPrice":8922,"bidPrice":8922,"offerPrice":8743,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"MTM":{"companyName":"Momentum Met Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"MTM","lastPrice":2233,"bidPrice":2239,"offerPrice":2213,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Metropolitan's origins can be traced back to 1898 when Homes Trust Limited was incorporated and sold individual life assurance, funeral, group life and pension products. The South African Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Limited was incorporated in South Africa in 1949, having started as a branch of the. Southern Cross Insurance Company Limited of Australia. In 1978 the two companies, which were at the time both wholly-owned subsidiaries of Sanlam Limited ('Sanlam'), were merged to form Metropolitan Homes Trust Life Limited which, in 1985, was renamed Metropolitan Life Limited. Metropolitan was listed on the JSE in 1986 and on the NSX in 1996.\nIn 1991, in order to improve the liquidity of the Metropolitan shares on the JSE, Sanlam reduced its holding in Metropolitan to 49% by way of a private placing. In 1993, in the first major black empowerment initiative in South Africa, Methold (the predecessor to NAIL) acquired 10% of the issued share capital of Metropolitan and entered into a voting pool arrangement with Sanlam which allowed Methold to exercise significant influence over Metropolitan. In 1994, Methold was renamed NAIL and it acquired a further 20% interest in Metropolitan. In 1996, NAIL transferred its interest in Metropolitan to its subsidiary, Nafhold, and sold 32% of Nafhold to selected institutions. In 1997, NAIL repurchased this 32% stake in Nafhold and also acquired a further interest in Metropolitan, taking its total effective holding in Metropolitan to 34,9%. In January 1998, Nafhold increased its holding in Metropolitan to 51 % in a public tender offer giving it outright control.\nIn 1991 Metropolitan began to expand its range of financial services with the launch of the first of its unit trusts, a general equity fund. This was followed in 1995 by the creation of Metropolitan Health. In the following year, Metropolitan Namibia, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Metropolitan, was launched, to be followed in 1997 by Metropolitan Botswana, a joint venture with the Botswana Development Corporation. In 1998 Metropolitan acquired the life and asset management businesses of the Commercial Union group of companies and in 1999 it took over the administration business of Bankmed. At 31 December 2000, Metropolitan had more than R30 billion in investment assets under management and is South Africa's pre-eminent black-empowerment financial services provider.\nIn the changing dynamics of South Africa, Metropolitan believes it is crucial for the company to have appropriate empowerment credentials to succeed in its market. Metropolitan's empowerment credentials stem from the following factors:\n- its 100-year history of providing financial services to the (mostly) black and lower income markets;\n- approximately 90% of its staff complement being from the designated groups;\n- 50% of its non-executive board members being from the designated groups;\n- 53% of its management being from the designated groups;\n- the majority of its 3 million policyholders being black; and\n- its adherence to an Empowerment Code developed in conjunction with NAIL.\n21 September 2001 - Listed on the JSE\n15/12/2003- changed the name(sens)\nJuly 2019 - MMI Holdings change its name to Momentum Metropolitan Holdings"},"MTN":{"companyName":"MTN Group Ltd","ticker":"MTN","lastPrice":8617,"bidPrice":8694,"offerPrice":8274,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"23 November 1994 - Incorporated under the name Investment Facility Company Two Sixty Five (Pty) Ltd.\n22 June 1995 - Name changed to M-Cell Ltd.\n14 July 1995 - Converted to a public company.\n14 August 1995 - Listed on the JSE.\n14 October 2002 - M-Cell changed its' name to Mtn Group Ltd."},"MTNZF":{"companyName":"MTN Zakhele Futhi","ticker":"MTNZF","lastPrice":1411,"bidPrice":1500,"offerPrice":1405,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"MTU":{"companyName":"Mantengu Mining Limited","ticker":"MTU","lastPrice":80,"bidPrice":83,"offerPrice":74,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1998 - Wits Basin de-watering stops.\n1998 to 2002 - Western Basin flooding.\n2002 - First AMD decants at BRI – Harmony Implement emergency measures.\n2005 - DWAF issues Directive enforcing co-operative agreement between mines to find solution to AMD.\n2006 - WBEC formed. DWAF provides mine with permission to establish Water Service Provider company.\n2007 - WBEC, WUC sign HoA,CBEC and EBEC formed. WUC raises R60 million to execute PFS/DFS/Pilots. WUC completed pilot plants, engineering designs.\n2008 - WUC completes Pre-Feasibility Study/\n2009 - •WUC completes Definitive Feasibility Study. WUC submits BID, engages Public, and submits. Final Scoping Report (All part of EIA). High level engagement with DWA at DDG level.\n2010 - Industry submits first Long Term Self Sustainable Solution after further engagement. July 2010 Industry re-submits proposal based on discussions with DWA at Ministerial level on their preferences. Commence with Feasibility Study on Coal Project.\n2011 - completed FS for Coal Project."},"MUR":{"companyName":"Murray & Roberts Hldgs","ticker":"MUR","lastPrice":156,"bidPrice":156,"offerPrice":150,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"19 February 2002 - Name changed from Murray & Roberts Holdings Ltd to Murray and Roberts Holdings Ltd."},"N91":{"companyName":"Ninety One Plc","ticker":"N91","lastPrice":4055,"bidPrice":4123,"offerPrice":4017,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"NCS":{"companyName":"Nictus Ltd","ticker":"NCS","lastPrice":50,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1945 - Company was founded \n1969 - Listed on the JSE.\n1983 - The first South African furniture \noutlet was established in Randburg\n2002 - Corporate Guarantee (South Africa) (RF) Limited was founded. The company has built up a client base throughout South Africa\n2012 - Since the 2012 unbundling of the Namibian operation, the South African group is making steady \nprogress towards sustainable profit and growth with effective management being established in South Africa\n2019 - Primary listed on the JSE for 50 years\n2020 - Nictus is 75 years old"},"NED":{"companyName":"Nedbank Group Ltd","ticker":"NED","lastPrice":23800,"bidPrice":24000,"offerPrice":23622,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"2000's\n» 2007\nDuring 2007 the group successfully delivered on the financial targets of a 20% ROE and 55% efficiency ratio set back in 2004 by achieving an ROE of 21,4% and an efficiency ratio of 54,9%. In 2006 the group set medium-term targets, and the group’s performance against these targets in 2007 is reflected below. \n• Secured the Western Cape Government transaction and five municipalities. \n• Extended the internal local hero campaign to include prospective and existing clients. The client local hero campaign allows prospective and existing Nedbank clients to give back to community projects that they feel passionate about. \n• Nedbank is the first African bank that raised significant Tier 2 Capital (R2bn) via IFC and African Development Bank (international diversification). \n• Launched the AskOnce service commitment that is a first within the industry. \n• Integrated Old Mutual Bank. \n• Nedbank came first in the service delivery in the banking sector by the Ask Afrika Orange Index. \n• Nedbank announced its first mass market sponsorship the Nedbank Cup in PSL. \n• Nedbank and Old Mutual launched a financial services one stop shop (Green Zone) \n» 2006\nWarren Clewlow retired as Chairman and non-executive director, and Reuel Khoza was appointed Chairman, at the close of the Nedbank Group AGM on 4 May 2006. \nIn August, 2006 the group unveiled its much anticipated black economic empowerment (BEE) transaction in Namibia which resulted in a broad range of black stakeholders acquiring direct ownership of N$308 million of the Old Mutual Group's Namibian businesses. The transaction incorporated three separate but inter-dependent BEE transactions for the Old Mutual Group subsidiaries in Namibia, namely Old Mutual Namibia, Nedbank Namibia and Mutual & Federal Namibia.\n» 2005\nAt the annual general meeting on 4 May 2005, shareholders formally approved the resolution to change the name of the holding company from Nedcor Limited to Nedbank Group Limited with effect from close of business on 13 May 2005. \nThe group's BEE deal 'Eyethu' was announced. The deal broke new ground in the area of black economic empowerment as it was the first truly broad-based deal to be announced with tens of thousands of stakeholders. Valued at more than R3 billion, a broad range of black stakeholders including employees, retail and corporate clients, community groups, strategic black business partners (Wiphold and Brimstone) and non-executive directors acquired a holding of 9,33 % in the group.\n» 2004\nIt was a watershed year for the group as both structural and strategic changes were implemented to restore the performance of the group and lay a foundation for sustainable growth into the future. \n\n\nThe group delivered on its commitments including: \n• A thorough balance sheet clean-up and successful R5,15 billion rights offer; \n• Substantially reducing the bank's risk profile, including reduced foreign exchange exposure and volatility and reduced interest rate risk; \n• Increased management accountability with management teams restructured and 70 out of the top 100 management in new positions; \n• Implementation of a clear strategic direction with a three-year plan in place with detailed targets; \n• A comprehensive restructure, following the strategy, which included a devolution of product, processes, credit and branch operations from the centre into the line units, the sale of non-core assets and the decision to integrate Peoples Bank into Nedbank; \n• The merger was delivered and the group is on track for annual synergy savings of R700 million; and \n• Improved management information systems and reporting, including improved activity justified transfer pricing, funds transfer pricing and capital allocation. \n2004 also saw a change in the groups Chairman with Chris Liebenberg retiring on 6 May 2004 and Warren Clewlow officially taking over as chairman.\n» 2003\nOn 1 January 2003 the new Nedcor Group was formed, combining Nedcor, BoE, NIB and Cape of Good Hope Bank into one legal entity. New management structures came into effect allowing these entities to become a fully integrated business. \nThe group now has banking licenses for Nedbank, Peoples Bank and Imperial Bank in South Africa, Gerrard private Bank in the United Kingdom and several licenses in the rest of Africa and the Middle East.\n» 2002\nOn 2 July 2002, the High Court gave its approval for Nedcor to acquire all the issued shares and convertible debentures of BoE, thereby paving the way for the Nedcor/ BoE merger. This final step in the approval process meant that the formation of one of South Africa's leading banks with assets of more than R270 billion became a reality. This merger heralded a new era in the history of BoE and Nedcor. For BoE, it offered the opportunity to continue a long and proud tradition of banking excellence and personal service. For Nedcor, the financial expertise and the quality of BoE's people will continue to further enrich its offering to the public. The High Court's ruling was lodged with the Registrar of Companies on 3 July 2002. The last day to trade in BoE shares in order to participate in the share scheme was 3 July 2002, and the operative date of the scheme was 11 July 2002. \nNIB minority shares were acquired by Nedcor Limited in October 2002. NIB was delisted.\nNedcor Bank Limited changed its name to Nedbank Limited in November 2002.\n» 2001\nNedcor Limited and Old Mutual South Africa Limited announced the proposed merger of Permanent Bank and Old Mutual Bank to form a new banking operation focused on wealth management and financial planning. \nThe merged operation is a custom-built bancassurance institution focused on the retail middle market in South Africa. Nedcor and Old Mutual each own 50 percent of the new bank.\nThe new bank, operating as Old Mutual Bank, will initially offer a full range of deposit and investment accounts, home loans, secured loans and other wealth management products.\n» 2000\nNedcor Bank acquired FBC Fidelity Bank Limited. BoE Corporation Limited unbundled its shares in BoE Limited and then delisted. \nThe unbundling by BoE Corporation Limited of its shares in BoE Limited and its subsequent delisting could maybe be mentioned here, along with the unbundling by BoE Limited of its share in RMBH, and the sale of other non-core investments.\n1990's\n» 1999\nNedbank Private Bank and Syfrets Private Bank merged to create the largest private bank in South Africa. NedTravel was sold to Tourvest. \nIn July, Old Mutual, one of Nedcor's main shareholders, was demutualised and listed on the London Stock Exchange.\nNIB was listed on the Johannesburg and Namibian stock exchanges in August 1999, and acquired Edward Nathan and Friedland.\nA bid for merging with Standard Bank Limited was made in October.\nBoE was merged with NBS and Boland PKS.\n» 1998\nOn 31 July, NBS Boland Holdings delisted from the JSE and BoE merged with NBS Boland Ltd. Also, BoE actually merged with NBS Boland Ltd (rather than with NBS and Boland PKS). \n» 1997\nSyfrets merged its activities with those of UAL and Nedbank Investment Bank to form Nedcor Investment Bank.\nFull transactional banking was made possible via the internet using NetBank.\nCape of Good Hope Bank introduced credit card and cheque account facilities. On 14 March, NBS Holdings acquired the banking and financial services interests of Boland Bank Holdings, and changed its name to NBS Boland Ltd. Boland Bank changed its name to Boland PKS.\n» 1995\nIn April 1995 Perm split its operations into two separate banks of equal status, namely Permanent Bank and Peoples Bank. The two banks, with new logos and corporate identities, were launched to the South African public during June 1995. \nNedbank Investment Bank was selected as one of the partners in a multinational banking group appointed by the government of Ghana to handle the privatisation of National Investment Bank.\n» 1994\nNedbank opened a representative office in Beijing. Nedfin Bank became Nedbank Commercial Division. \nFinancial Services Division changed its name to Nedbank Investment Bank Division. The Sports Trust and The Arts and Culture Trust were formed.\n» 1993\nThe Namibian Banking Corporation Limited merged with the Commercial Bank of Namibia and retained the latter's name with Nedcor Bank Limited a 47% shareholder of the new Commercial Bank of Namibia. A cooperation agreement was signed with SFOM (Soci�t� Financi�re pour les pays D'Outre-Mer). \n» 1992\nNedfin, Perm and Nedbank, together with their support divisions, became known as Nedcor Bank Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Nedcor Limited. NedTravel Group Holdings became the second largest travel group in South Africa and a wholly owned subsidiary of Nedcor Limited.\nFinansbank merged with Nedbank Financial Services Division to form Financial Services Division.\n» 1991\nNedEnterprise became operational, providing finance to small and medium enterprises. \n» 1990\nThe Namibian Banking Corporation Limited, incorporating Nedbank's operation in Namibia, was established following Namibia's independence. Nedbank and Perm's combined ATM network became the largest in South Africa, with 944 ATMs. Nedbank in association with the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) launched The Green Trust.\n1980's\n» 1989\nNedbank opened a representative office in Taipei, Taiwan. UAL Merchant Bank funds under administration exceeded the R10 billion mark, Syfrets R7 billion and Nedfin the R2 billion mark. Nedbank Group Limited changed its name to Nedcor Limited. Syfrets SA changed its name to Syfrets Group Limited. World Travel Agency joined NedTravel completely. \n» 1988\nNedbank Limited merged with South African Permanent Building Society to form NedPerm Bank Limited.\n» 1987\nNedbank opened its first drive-in ATM in Cape Town. By the end of the year it had 770 retail electronic banking terminals in operation and ATM cards in circulation rose to 213 000. Nedbank moved to its new head office at 100 Main Street, Johannesburg. Assets of the group totalled R14,3 billion. \nNedbank Group consisted of Nedbank, Nedfin, UAL, Syfrets, Finansbank, Nefic, NedTravel, World Travel, Secured Investments, and NedFactors, with a shareholding in Minets.\nThe members of NBS approved the conversion of the society into a public company, and the company became a wholly-owned subsidiary of NBS Holdings Ltd, which was listed on the JSE on 8 April.\nBoE changed its name from the Board of Executors Limited.\nBoE was listed on the JSE Securities Exchange in 1987.\n» 1986\nSyfrets participation mortgage bond scheme hit the R1 billion mark, the first participation mortgage bond company in South Africa to do so. \nThe Nedbank Group Limited bought Finansbank Limited and through a resultant merger the Cape of Good Hope Bank, became part of Nedbank Group Limited.\nNedbank Investment Bank was created in 1986 as a result of the acquisition of Finansbank Limited.\nOld Mutual became the major shareholder (53%) of Nedbank Limited.\n» 1985\nSyfrets launched Syfrets Managed Assets, its institutional investment arm. \nUAL Merchant Bank structured South Africa's first rand interest rate swap.\nNedTravel was established and included American Express Travel Service, American Express Holidays, American Express Foreign Exchange, Travel International, Development Promotions, EG Tours and Associated Air Travel Bureau.\n» 1984\nNedbank established further international links by opening branches in Jersey, Hong Kong and Grand Cayman. Nedbank also established a banking company in Zurich, Switzerland. \n» 1983\nNedbank becomes the first bank in South Africa to pay interest on current accounts.\nNedbank opens a full-service branch in New York.\nThe Perm opened its new head office, Permpark, in Crown Mines to celebrate 100 years. Union Acceptances Limited changed its name to UAL Merchant Bank Limited.\n» 1980\nThe Nedbank Group becomes the first bank in South Africa to hit R100 million profit before tax.\n1970's\n» 1979\nFinansbank was involved in the first privatisation of a public company in South Africa, being the listing of Sasol on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange. \n» 1976\nPerm moved its head office from Kimberley to 64 Eloff Street, Johannesburg.\n» 1974\nNedfin Bank Limited was formed in 1974 from the merger of Credcor Limited with Lease Plan International.\n» 1973\nNedbank Group Limited was formed from the merger of Syfrets SA and Union Acceptances Limited and Nedbank Limited.\n» 1972\nUAL was listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange. The Nedbank Group acquired part of the World Travel Agency. Nedbank Limited, in partnership with Old Mutual, bought out the American interest in Lease Plan International Corporation of South Africa.\n» 1971\nThe Netherlands Bank of South Africa changes its name to Nedbank Limited. Gerry Muller becomes the first South African-born managing director. Credit Corporation of South Africa Limited changed from a hire-purchase bank to a general bank, and changed its name to Credcor Bank Limited.\n» 1970\nThe merchant bank Finansbank was established.\n1960's\n» 1969\nThe South African shareholding in NBSA increased to 100%. Syfrets SA was listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange. Boland Bank was listed on the JSE. \n» 1968\nSyfrets Trust Company Limited merged with the South African Association for the Administration and Settlement of Estates to form the Syfrets and South African Trust Company (Syfrets SA). With Netherlands Bank Old Mutual became a joint shareholder of the Credit Corporation, resulting in the foreign interest being bought out and the Credit Corporation becoming a South African-controlled bank. The South African Association for the Administration and Settlement of Estates (SAASE) was absorbed into Syfrets Trust Company Limited.\n» 1967\nIntroduction, in Nedbank, of American Express Card Service through the issue of the American Express Gold Card. UAL launched its first unit trust, the UAL Unit Trust.\n» 1965\nThe Credit Corporation became a hire-purchase bank. UAL moved to Union Acceptances House at 66 Marshall Street, Johannesburg.\n» 1964\nThe Netherlands Bank of South Africa becomes the first bank to introduce computerised banking services. The credit for making this far-reaching decision belongs to Dr B Holsboer, Gerr Muller and Albie Saayman.\n» 1963\nA subsidiary of Lease Plan International Corporation of America Limited (Lease Plan International Corporation of South Africa Limited), a specialist vehicle-leasing company, was founded to take over the activities of Monument Trust (Patty) Limited.\n» 1961\nThe Credit Corporation moved its head office to Johannesburg. The company Monument Trust (Patty) Limited, involved mainly in factoring of invoices and the discounting of installment credit agreements, was founded in Pretoria.\n» 1960\nThe NBSA head office was moved to 81 Main Street, Johannesburg.\n1950's\n» 1957\nUAL established the first discount house in South Africa. \n» 1956\nUAL became the first institution, other than a commercial bank, to be granted permission by the Reserve Bank to deal in foreign exchange.\n» 1955\nNBSA opened its first branch in Windowed, Namibia. Union Acceptances Limited (UAL) was established as South Africa's first merchant bank, with Sir Ernest Open as the first Chairman and Sidney Spire as the bank's first Managing Director. UAL operated from offices in Anglo's head office, 44 Main Street, Johannesburg.\n» 1952\nThe Credit Corporation became a deposit-receiving institution.\n» 1951\nNetherlands Bank (NBZA) was established as a South African banking company and changed its name to the Netherlands Bank of South Africa (NBSA).\n1940's\n» 1947\nHolsboer Fund - holiday accommodation and financial support facilities Dr Bernard H Holsboer became chief executive officer, deputy chairman. On his retirement he establish this fund for Nedcor staffmembers and pensioners. \n» 1946\nThe Credit Corporation of South Africa Limited, conducting business as a general instalment finance company in the industrial and motor car areas, was established and registered in Cape Town. In 1976 this became Nedfin Bank Limited.\n» 1940\nDuring the war all NBZA assets were transferred from the Netherlands to South Africa. Pretoria branch becomes the world headquarters of the bank, with assets of R8 million plus reserves of R2 million.\n1920's\n» 1925\nThe Nederlandsche Bank en Credietvereeniging voor Zuid-Afrika merged with the Transvaalsche Bank en Handelsvereeniging, which was founded in 1892. \n» 1920\nPerm reported its first R1 million of assets. Perm appointed the first female teller in a South African building society.\n1900's\n» 1906\nNBZA office opened its first overseas branch in Great Winchester Street, London, and an office in Bloemfontein. \n» 1905\nDeep depression hits SA. The reconstruction of bank capital for increasing banking activities takes place. A dividend of 4% is declared - the first since 1905.\n» 1903\nFirst branch of NBCV outside of the Transvaal opened in Cape Town. The name of the bank changed to Nederlandsche Bank voor Zuid-Afrika (NBZA).\n» 1900\nBoland Bank was established as a regional general bank. Boland Bank was established as De Paarlsche Afrikaanse Trust Maartschappij Beperkt in Paarl.\n1890's\n» 1899 – 1902\nDuring the Anglo Boer War NBCV remains neutral. There is a substantial increase in foreign transactions. In 1900 government stores R3 million in gold in the vault of NBCV. \n» 1892\nTransvaalsche Bank en Handelsvereeniging was formed in 1898 preceded by partnership, Baerveldt & Heyblom, which was formed in 1892.\n» 1892\nThe Kimberley Permanent Mutual Building and Investment Society changed its name to South African Permanent Building and Investment Society, later abbreviated to the South African Permanent Building Society - later known as Perm.\n» 1890\nNBVC branches opened in Johannesburg and Potchefstroom. Formation of Pretoria Mortgage Company, a wholly owned subsidiary of NBCV. First NBCV banknotes issued.\n1880's\n» 1888\nNederlandsche Bank en Credietvereeniging (NBCV) founded under royal charter in Amsterdam on \n6 April - 236 years after Jan van Riebeeck's arrival in the Cape. On 1 August the bank opens in Church Street, Pretoria, with capital of R100 000 (50 000 pounds). The first year's profit was \nR11 706 and the dividend 3%. \n» 1887\nSyfrets Trust Company Limited became involved in investing capital in mortgaged property, raising loans, managing private business affairs, handling executorships and trusteeships.\n» 1882\nThe Natal Building Society (NBS) was established as a building society. NBS was established in Durban.\n» 1883\nThe Kimberley Permanent Mutual Building and Investment Society opened its first branch in Johannesburg. At the end of its first year Perm had 668 current shares in issue and 77 borrowers.\n1850's\n» 1859\nThe Board of Executors was incorporated by way of a special statute of the Cape Colonial Government.\n1840's\n» 1841\nA number of Kimberley businessmen met to inaugurate Kimberley's third building society and first permanent one, the Kimberley Permanent Mutual Building and Investment Society.\n1830's\n» 1838\nThe Board of Executors was established in Cape Town as a trust company. \n» 1834\nThe South African Association for the Administration and Settlement of Estates, the first trust company in the world, was founded in Cape Town and later absolved into Syfrets which was formed in 1951 by EJM Syfret.\n» 1831\nThe oldest bank in South Africa, Cape of Good Hope Bank, was established in St George's Street, Cape Town."},"NPH":{"companyName":"Northam Platinum Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"NPH","lastPrice":14770,"bidPrice":14872,"offerPrice":14100,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1986 - Development of the mine commenced.\n\nListed on the JSE since 1987;\n \nJanuary 1993 - Production at the mine commenced.\n\nAdmitted to the SRI Index in 2006.\n\nProducing and marketing PGMs since 1993 from Zondereinde mine.\n\nAquisition of Booysendal in 2008; premier, near-term production opportunity."},"NPK":{"companyName":"Nampak Ltd","ticker":"NPK","lastPrice":18700,"bidPrice":19300,"offerPrice":18619,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1920's Cardboard boxes made in South Africa by various entrepreneurs \n \n1930's Metal Box incorporated in South Africa \n \n1940's Amalgamated Packaging Industries (API) was one of South Africa's leading packaging companies\n\nMetal Box South Africa listed on Johannesburg Stock Exchange\n \n \n1950's Metal Box and other packaging companies grew organically \n \n1960's National Containers and National Packaging were major packaging companies\n\nSt Regis acquired API\n \n \n1968 Nampak (National Amalgamated Packaging) formed through acquisitions\n\nNampak listed on Johannesburg Stock Exchange\n \n \n1970's Nampak bought by Reed Corp and sold to Barlow Rand \n \n1980's Nampak acquired 51% of Metal Box in 1983 and 100% in 1988 \n \n1990's Expanded into UK through acquisition of BlowMocan\n\nExpanded into Europe through acquisition of Plysu plc\n\nAcquired Crown Cork South Africa\n \n \n2002 Acquired Crown Cork's operations in Anglophone Africa\n\nMerged with Malbak Limited\n \n2005 Joint venture with Wiegand-Glass. \n \n2006 10% of shares sold in BEE transaction. \n \n● 2012 \n\nAcquired the remaining 50% shareholding in Nampak Wiegand Glass from Wiegand Glass \n\n● 2013\nNampak’s first aluminium beverage can line was\ncommissioned in Springs\n● 2014\nAcquisition of Alucan in Nigeria which gave\nNampak an entry into the beverage can market in that country\n● 2015\nDisposal of Cartons and Labels, Tissue, Corrugated, Flexible, Recycling and Sacks\ndivisions\n\n2019\nNampak celebrated 50 years of being listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange"},"NPKP":{"companyName":"Nampak Ltd 6%Pref","ticker":"NPKP","lastPrice":70,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"NPN":{"companyName":"Naspers Ltd -N-","ticker":"NPN","lastPrice":390800,"bidPrice":405800,"offerPrice":390800,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Naspers was incorporated in Cape Town on May 12, 1915 under the laws of the then Union of South Africa as a public limited liability company. Naspers conducts its operations primarily through its subsidiaries and other affiliates. Its principal executive offices are located at 40 Heerengracht, Cape Town, 8001, South Africa (telephone: +27 21 406 2121). \n\nNaspers started as a printer and publisher of newspapers and magazines in 1915. Later, book publishing operations were founded. Naspers’ print media operations developed to such an extent over the years that Naspers is now one of the leading media groups in Africa. \n\nWith the advent of electronic media, Naspers expanded its activities in the 1980s to incorporate pay-television and later internet platforms. \n\nIn 1985, Naspers and several other South African media companies formed an electronic pay-media business, M-Net. M-Net was listed on the JSE Securities exchange South Africa (\"JSE\") in 1990. \n\nIn October 1993, M-Net was divided into two companies. The subscriber management, signal distribution and cellular telephone businesses, together with a holding in FilmNet (a pay-television operator in Europe) were placed into a new company called MultiChoice Limited (later named MIH Holdings Limited). \n\nIn 1995, Richemont S.A. and MultiChoice Limited merged their global pay-television operations, including the interest in FilmNet, MultiChoice’s operations in Africa, and Richemont’s interest in Telepiu, into a single venture called NetHold B.V., which MultiChoice held through its subsidiary, MIH Limited. \n\nIn March 1997, MIH Limited and Richemont merged most of NetHold’s assets with Canal+, the French based pay-television operator. However, MIH Limited retained NetHold’s African, Mediterranean and Middle East pay-television businesses and acquired 49% of Irdeto Access from Canal+. MIH Limited also received a small interest in Canal+. \n\nMIH Limited subsequently sold its interest in Canal+ to fund its expansion plans, including the purchase of the remainder of Irdeto Access from Canal+, the purchase of a 31.1% interest in the Thai pay-television operator UBC and the purchase of a 44.5% interest in OpenTV. OpenTV and MIH Limited were listed on Nasdaq in 1999. In August 2002, MIH Limited sold its stake in OpenTV. \n\nIn 1997, MIH Limited created an internet service provider and named it MWEB Holdings. In March 1998, MWEB Holdings was spun off as a listed entity on the JSE. MWEB was subsequently delisted, and Naspers now holds 100% of the economic interest in the company. \n\nDuring 2000, Naspers organised and branded its print media businesses under the Media24 umbrella.\n\nIn May 2001, the group acquired a 46.5% interest in Tencent Holdings Limited, the operator of an instant messaging platform in China called QQ. The business developed into the leading instant messaging business in China. Tencent listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in June 2004. As at 31 March 2009, MIH has a 35.04% interest in Tencent. \n\nIn December 2002, Naspers conducted a reorganisation pursuant to which the minority interests in MIH Holdings and MIH Limited were swapped for shares in Naspers itself. Holders of MIH Limited shares, resident in any country other than South Africa, received their interest in Naspers shares in the form of Naspers ADSs. MIH Holdings shares were delisted from the JSE and MIH Limited’s shares were delisted from Nasdaq. At the same time, Naspers’ ADSs were listed on Nasdaq.\n\nNaspers acquired an additional interest in M-Net and SuperSport and subsequently they were both delisted from the JSE and Nigerian Stock Exchange with effect from April 15, 2004. \n\nIn December 2004, MIH acquired a 9,9% strategic stake in Beijing Media Corporation, one of China's leading newspapers companies, with its flagship newspaper, the Beijing Youth Daily. \n\nEffective February 2005, MWEB acquired the internet business of Tiscali in South Africa.\n\nIn March 2005, Naspers consolidated all its print media, book publishing (Via Afrika) and private education (Educor) assets under the Media24 umbrella in order to simplify the group structure. \nIn January 2006 MIH sold its investment in the Thailand pay-television platform, UBC and its investments in the Thailand internet business, MKSC World Dot Com Co. Limited. \n\nIn May 2006 MIH acquired a 30% stake in the leading Brazilian media company Abril S.A. for a cash consideration of US$422 million. This transaction gave MIH a stake in the growing Brazilian media market, through a leading enterprise. \n\nIn December 2006 MIH acquired an interest in a Russian internet business,, Inc. ( MIH has subsequently increased its interest in to 42,88% as at 31 March 2009. \n\nIn the early part of 2007 MIH participated in a capital raising exercise by Naspers. The marketed offering of US$750 million was two times over-subscribed. The allocation was therefore upsized to US$875 million. In addition, the successful ‘green shoe’ increased the proceeds raised by a further approximately 15%. \n\nIn May 2007 Naspers delisted from the NASDAQ and listed on the London Stock Exchange as a secondary listing.\n\nIn September 2006 Media24 launched a Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) share offer in Welkom Yizani, which offered eligible black people and black groups an indirect interest of 15% in Media24 through Welkom Yizani. The offer was three times oversubscribed with over 100,000 applications received for 14.6 million Welkom Yizani ordinary shares. \n\nMCSA completed two successful broad-based empowerment transactions. Called Phuthuma Nathi, the first transaction offered an indirect interest of 15% in the MCSA pay-television and internet business to eligible black persons and groups. The offer, which closed during the last quarter of 2006, was three times over subscribed. Some 120,000 applications were received for the 45 million Phuthuma Nathi ordinary shares on offer. \n\nA second transaction offered a further indirect interest of 7.5% to those applicants who did not receive their full allocation in the first Phuthuma Nathi and Welkom Yizani offers. This offer was more than twice oversubscribed. Approximately 3,500 applications were received for the 22.5 million ordinary shares on offer.\n\nAs a result of these Phuthuma Nathi transactions 22.5% of shares in MCSA were held through those eligible to participate as a result of BEE. With the acquisition of the 40% interest in M-Net and SuperSport (detailed below) MCSA issued shares which diluted the shareholding of the Phuthuma Nathi shareholders to 20%.\n\nIn October 2007 MWEB Africa successfully completed the acquisition of Afsat, the leading African satellite ISP for US$38,4 million.\n\nIn November 2007 the Group finalised its acquisition of a 40% interest in M-Net and SuperSport International Holdings Limited (SuperSport). \n\nThe Group also acquired 100% of the issued share capital of Cloakware Inc, a US company providing software security solutions.\n\nDuring 2008, MIH acquired 100% of Tradus, a leading provider of C2C e-commerce platforms in Central and Eastern Europe, which was previously listed on the London Stock Exchange. The Tradus group has subsequently been reorganised into the Allegro and Ricardo groups. \n\nIn addition Gadu-Gadu, a leading instant-messaging (IM) platform in Poland, was purchased and delisted from the Warsaw exchange. \n\nMIH also recently increased its interest in Nimbuzz, which focuses on IM, mobile VoIP and telecommunications and invested in BuzzCity, a developer of global wireless communities and consumer services, ACL Wireless (India) and Compera ‘n Time (leading provider of mobile value-added services in Brazil). \n\nIn 2009, MIH concluded the sale of M-Web Africa to Telkom."},"NPP1":{"companyName":"Nampak Ltd 6,5%Pref","ticker":"NPP1","lastPrice":131,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"NRL":{"companyName":"Newpark REIT Ltd","ticker":"NRL","lastPrice":480,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"NRP":{"companyName":"NEPI Rockcastle N.V.","ticker":"NRP","lastPrice":12533,"bidPrice":12990,"offerPrice":12351,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"NTC":{"companyName":"Netcare Limited","ticker":"NTC","lastPrice":1163,"bidPrice":1173,"offerPrice":1143,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"History\nNetcare was incorporated in South Africa on 28 June 1996 under the name Ablab Designs (Proprietary) Limited. It changed its name to Network Healthcare Holdings (Proprietary) Limited on 8 November 1996 and converted into a public company on the same date. In 2008 the Network Healthcare Holdings name changed to Netcare Limited (Netcare). Netcare was formed to combine the business operations of certain related companies, the common factor in each case being the management interests of Clin-Run, a specialist hospital promotion and management corporation, and the hospital interests of Dr Jack Shevel, Netcare’s founder. \nNetcare shares were listed on the JSE on 4 December 1996, at which time Netcare owned and managed 6 hospitals. Acquisition of Clinics - Netcare negotiated and successfully concluded an agreement for the acquisition of a controlling interest in Clinics from Mr Barney Hurwitz et al (“the vendors”) on 21 July 1997. In addition, Netcare simultaneously acquired 8 hospitals privately owned by Mr Hurwitz (“Clinfed”), the Durban Oncology Centre (“Cancare”) and control of Linksfield Park Clinic (“Linksfield”). Hospital Network Expansion in 1998 - Consistent with Netcare’s philosophy that a nationally representative network of hospitals is essential for efficient and affordable healthcare delivery, the Netcare Hospital Group acquired control of 12 additional hospitals during the year. These included St Anne’s hospital in Pietermaritzburg, the Pretoria East hospital and the 10 hospitals owned and managed by the Excel Medical Holdings Limited (“Excel”). These acquisitions added further critical mass and a broader geographic spread of hospitals to the Netcare network. As part of the re-engineering process, the Group consolidated five head office structures into a single Operations Centre. After a thorough analysis of the Group’s hospital portfolio, Nedpark Hospital (Pretoria), the Rainbow Clinic (Johannesburg) and the Meyerton Clinic were closed during the financial year ended 30 September 1998. \nThe period 1999/2000 was characterised by the consolidation and rationalisation of existing operations. 2001 - During this period Netcare acquired the Umhlanga hospital as well as Medicross Healthcare Group. The Medicross brand of primary healthcare is a household name across South Africa and comprises multi-disciplinary primary care and dental centres around the country complemented in selected cases by pharmacies and day-theatres. In addition, Netcare subscribed for a minority interest in certain hospitals within the Community Hospital Group, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Community Healthcare Holdings (Pty) Ltd (a black empowerment company). In 2002 Netcare acquired the Margate Private hospital and also opened the Kuilsrivier hospital in Cape Town, a joint investment and development between Community Hospital Group and Netcare. \nInternational Expansion in UK – From 2001 the Group entered the international market space through the United Kingdom market to provide specialised healthcare services on contract to the National Health Service (NHS). In addition, Netcare implemented several “Waiting List Initiatives” to gain experience in the UK market and to better understand the workings of the NHS. Netcare was in competition with both local and international healthcare providers to provide clinical services to the NHS. Netcare operates as an independent service provider to the NHS through its NHS sourcing division, Netcare UK. Netcare UK continues to service existing Independent Sector Treatment Centre contracts such as the Greater Manchester Surgical Centre, the Commuter Walk-in-Centre in Leeds and the surgical initiative with the Scottish NHS in Stracathro. The five-year mobile ophthalmic contract to provide cataract operations was successfully completed in April 2009.\nNetcare’s first Public Private Partnership (PPP) with government was commissioned in January 2003. This involved a co-location PPP agreement with the Free State Department of Health (“FSDoH”), awarded to a consortium comprising Netcare and a black empowerment company, Community Healthcare Holdings (“CHH”). The PPP allows CHH/Netcare to utilise spare capacity within Bloemfontein’s Universitas and Pelonomi hospitals. The partnership with government also involved a three-year FSDoH contract awarded to the Netcare 911 School of Emergency and Critical Care for the provision of pre-hospital skills training to emergency care practitioners within the Free State Provincial Emergency Medical Service.\n \n\nJuly 2003 saw Netcare spearheading a launch of an initiative that entailed the formation of South Africa’s first multi-disciplinary managed care provider network. Known as Netpartner Investments Limited (“Netpartner”), the network was supported by more than 6 000 participating doctors, specialists and dentists across the country. By leveraging economies of scale, Netpartner would offer medical schemes innovative managed care products to both their existing members and to uninsured markets, thereby giving more South Africans access to affordable quality healthcare. The business would also invest in healthcare enterprises, including the development and management of the Netpartner managed care network. Netcare held a 46,3% interest in Netpartner. \nIn February and March 2007 Netcare opened 2 new hospitals, Alberlito and Blaauwberg and the Linkwood clinic, also acquiring the remaining 56,25% of the Community Hospital Group in October of that year. During 2008 the Group in the UK acquired 7 Nuffield hospitals, The Oxford clinic, and the Woodlands hospital in Darlington and the City Medical consulting suites in London. In January 2009 Netcare repurchased and cancelled 436 million treasury shares, 95 947 700 of which were previously held in the Netcare Trust and 340 354 743 of which were held by Netpartner. March 2009 saw a conclusion of the sale Netcare’s 50% interest in the Ampath Holdings Trust, a consortium of pathologists. Other expansion initiatives include the acquisition of the Fitzroy Square hospital in London in April 2009, the opening of the Port Alfred PPP, the start of building the hospital for the Lesotho PPP that Netcare is involved in with the government of Lesotho. The Grahamstown PPP is due to open later in 2009."},"NTCP":{"companyName":"Netcare Limited Pref","ticker":"NTCP","lastPrice":7778,"bidPrice":7778,"offerPrice":7778,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"NVS":{"companyName":"Novus Holdings Limited","ticker":"NVS","lastPrice":435,"bidPrice":455,"offerPrice":435,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"NWL":{"companyName":"Nu-World Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"NWL","lastPrice":2894,"bidPrice":2894,"offerPrice":2894,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Nu-World was established in 1946 by the late Harry Goldberg and partner \nThe Company began manufacturing Electrical Wiring Accessories \nThe manufacturing of Small Electrical Appliances was introduced in 1952 \nMichael and Jeffrey Goldberg joined Nu-World in 1978 \nNu-World began importing and distributing Small Electrical Appliances in 1980 - to add to the range of manufactured products \nNu-World was listed on the J.S.E. in November of 1987 \nJVC - In 1995 Nu-World was appointed by THE VICTOR COMPANY OF JAPAN as its sole agent for JVC in South Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa \n'WHITE GOODS' - Import and distribution, were introduced in 1997 with the International Brands of TOSHIBA and WHITE WESTINGHOUSE \nNU-TEC Consumer Electronics - introduced in 1999 \nFUJITSU Air-Conditioning - introduced in 1999 \nAcquisition of a controlling interest in PRIMA-AKAI AUSTRALASIA (PTY) LTD - effective April 2000 \nJames Ralph (Pty) Ltd - Agency / Distribution Agreement for CASIO, SAMSUNG and SANJI - effective August 2000 \nTELEFUNKEN - Appointed Sole Agent for South Africa - December 2000 \nNu-World is South Africa's leading player in Small Electrical Appliances \n- Largest manufacturer \n- Largest importer \n- Largest exporter \nNu-World is ONE OF THE LARGEST PLAYERS in 'CONSUMER ELECTRONICS'in Southern Africa - with our complimentary Brands of 'JVC, TELEFUNKEN and NU-TEC'. \nNu-World houses an impressive line-up of 22 INTERNATIONAL AND LOCAL BRANDS \n2001 Thomson distribution agreement for South Africa signed\nTelefunken agency for Prima Australasia Proprietary Limited\n2002 Nu-World increased its holding in Prima Australasia to 51%\nStrategic alliance with Prima International UK (Proprietary) Limited established\n2003 Acquired 100% interest in Conti South Africa\n60% investment in Nu-World UK Limited\n2004 Appointed South African agent for General Electric large appliances\n65% investment in Yale Appliance Group Proprietary Limited\nIntroduction of Conti Motorsports division\n2006 Rationalisation of Prima Australasia Proprietary Limited and Yale Appliance Group Proprietary Limited into Yale Prima Proprietary Limited 45% investment in On Corporation Inc. USA\n2007 Increased investment in Yale Prima Proprietary Limited to 59,4%\nIntroduction of home improvement division\n2008 Disposed of investment in On Corporation Inc. USA Yale Prima Proprietary Limited acquires 51% of online retailer OO Australia Proprietary Limited.\n2009 Disposed of investment in Nu-World UK Limited\n2010 Acquired 49,9% interest in Palsonic China (H.K) Limited\nAcquired 49% interest in Lefase Logistics (Proprietary) Limited Introduction of the Hi-Tech and Liquor divisions Expansion of White Goods division\n2011 Groups manufacturing operations closed\n\n2012 Lefase Lesotho Manufacturing (Proprietary) Limited established."},"NY1":{"companyName":"Ninety One Limited","ticker":"NY1","lastPrice":3943,"bidPrice":4020,"offerPrice":3924,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"OAO":{"companyName":"Oando plc","ticker":"OAO","lastPrice":9,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Oando commenced operations in 1956 as petroleum marketing company in Nigeria under the name ESSO West Africa Incorporated. It was then a subsidiary of Exxon Corporation of the USA. On 25 August 1969, the Company was incorporated under Nigerian Law as Esso Standard Nigeria Ltd. In 1976 the Nigerian Government bought Exxon's interest in the Company and it was re-branded Unipetrol Nigeria Ltd (\"Unipetrol\"). The Company became a public limited company in 1991, when the Federal Government of Nigeria divested 60% of its shareholding to the general public. Its shares were listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange in February 1992.Oando was registered as an external company in South Africa on 1 November 2005.In 2007, Oando Energy services acquired two oil drilling rigs for use in the Nigerian Delta, while the following year (2008) the company bought 15% of OML 125 and 135. 2010 was a landmark year for the company as it launched its first Independent Power Plant, a 12.15MW power plant for the Lagos Water Corporation."},"OAS":{"companyName":"Oasis Crescent Prop Fund","ticker":"OAS","lastPrice":2000,"bidPrice":2000,"offerPrice":2000,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Oasis is a global fund management operation that was formed in June 1997. The company has established a strong investment track record with expertise in both Shari’ah compliant and conventional fund management. Oasis offers a range of collective investment schemes, global mutual funds, endowment policies, retirement funds, pension annuity policies, pooled fund policies and manages segregated and pooled funds for institutional clients. Oasis currently operates out of the Republic of South AfricaThe corporate head office is based in Cape Town, South Africa, and we have regional offices in Johannesburg and Durban. All subsidiaries of the Oasis Group are wholly owned entities which are regulated. Oasis was appointed as an investment manager to its first portfolio in October 1997. Since then the assets under management have grown prodigiously as a result of the company’s commitment to client service and the consistently superior performance of the investment team. As the assets under management continue to grow, the Oasis Group has expanded and evolved to facilitate this growth and to ensure that effective fund management of the highest standard continues to be entrenched in the company’s mission to meet the needs of Oasis clients."},"OCE":{"companyName":"Oceana Group Ltd","ticker":"OCE","lastPrice":7349,"bidPrice":7399,"offerPrice":7199,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1918 - Incorporated.\n1947 - Listed on the JSE.\n10 July 2000 - Changed name from Oceana Fishing Group Ltd to Oceana Group Ltd."},"OCT":{"companyName":"OCTODEC INVEST LTD","ticker":"OCT","lastPrice":975,"bidPrice":975,"offerPrice":975,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"8 November 1956 - Incorporated.\n17 July 1990 - Converted to a public company.\n20 September 1990 - Listed on the JSE."},"OMN":{"companyName":"Omnia Holdings Ltd","ticker":"OMN","lastPrice":5630,"bidPrice":5648,"offerPrice":5530,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"2008 Omnia commission EcoGysumTM plant for sale of gypsum to the cement industry.\n\nCommission EnviNoxR plant at Sasolburg, significally reducing the release of nitrous oxide from the Omnia fertiliser factory.\n \n2007\n The acquisition of Zetachem, a well-established supplier of speciality polymers and chemical management systems to leading companies in the water treatment, mining and pulp and paper industries. \n\nSale of 10% of our business to our employees\n \n2003\n BME enters sophisticated electronic delay detonator market with purchase of cutting edge technology from French company DCI. New calcium nitrate plant opened in Sasolburg applying unique patented technology developed by Omnia .Acquisition of South Africa’s largest distributor and trader of chemicals, Protea Chemicals, providing an improved balance across its business Omnia achieves a R 1 billion market capitalisation in its 50th year of existence\n \n2001\n Established a presence in Australasia to identify opportunities for market entry\n \n1998\n Mining explosives venture initiated in Tanzania; speciality fertilizer blender commissioned in Sasolburg\n \n1997\n Construction begins on a R 96 million state-of-the-art fertilizer granulation plant at Sasolburg; fourth liquid fertilizer plant in Wesselsbron commissioned.\n \n1996\n Commissions a plant to produce potassium sulphate and hydrochloric acid, and a cartridge explosives plant.\nInnovative marketing and distribution infrastructure established to serve African smallholder farming communities\n \n1995\n Speciality fertilizer division launched, to service the growing specialisation in agriculture, OmniSapR technology introduced\n \n1993\n Offshore trading, finance and investment arm established in Mauritius; Omnia becomes a Top 100 Company on the JSE Limited for the first time\n \n1992\n Political barriers in South Africa begin to crumble – Omnia extends operations into Africa; establishes industrial chemicals division, Intaba Chemicals.\n \n1991\n Establishes a porous prill ammonia nitrate and ANFO manufacturing plants to expand its explosives product range\n \n1988\n Enters agricultural seed market; secures independence for the supply of ammonia by purchase of a share of the Richards Bay ammonia terminal\n \n1987\n Acquires Bulk Mining Explosives (BME) to diversify into the mining explosives market, using advanced international technology\n \n1982\n Invests R 88 million in its own nitrogen facilities at the Sasolburg complex\n \n1980\n Lists on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange\n \n1976\n Expands liquid operation in the UK and US; opens liquid fertilizer plants in Hectorspruit and Danielsrus\n \n1974\n Launches direct application ammonia – a unique product for sophisticated farming application; completes superphosphate plant in Sasolburg and phosphoric acid plant in Phokeng\n \n1972\n Commissions South Africa’s first liquid fertilizer operation\n \n1967\n Expands into the related fertilizer market by establishing its first granular plant at Sasolburg\n \n1953\n Omnia founded as a small distributor of agricultural lime"},"OMU":{"companyName":"Old Mutual Limited","ticker":"OMU","lastPrice":1125,"bidPrice":1138,"offerPrice":1117,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"A Scotsman named John Fairbairn started the The Mutual Life Assurance Society of the Cape of Good Hope in 1845 in Cape Town with no capital - just the trust of like-minded individuals and the unwavering belief that together people can achieve more than alone.\n\nOur motto became a “certain friend in uncertain times” and it wasn’t long before Mutual Life became a leading to insurer the region, making a real difference in the lives of our customers and the communities."},"ORN":{"companyName":"Orion Minerals Limited","ticker":"ORN","lastPrice":23,"bidPrice":23,"offerPrice":22,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Orion Minerals Ltd is a globally diversified metal explorer and developer which is on track to become a new generation base metals producer through the development of its flagship Prieska Copper-Zinc Project and its near-term Okiep Copper Project, both located in South Africa’s Northern Cape."},"OUT":{"companyName":"OUTsurance Group Limited","ticker":"OUT","lastPrice":4265,"bidPrice":4267,"offerPrice":4200,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Main Street 796 (Proprietary) Limited was incorporated and registered in South Africa on 24 March 2010 as a private company under registration number 2010/005770/07 and converted to a public company on 14 June 2010. A special resolution to change Main Street 796 Limited’s name to Rand Merchant Insurance Holdings Limited was passed on 7 December 2010 and lodged for registration with the Registrar of Companies. \n \nRMI Holdings was a subsidiary of RMBH and was incorporated for the specific purpose of holding RMBH’s insurance assets pursuant to the RMBH restructuring. RMBH unbundled and separately listed RMI Holdings on 7 March 2011."},"PAN":{"companyName":"Pan African Resource plc","ticker":"PAN","lastPrice":600,"bidPrice":603,"offerPrice":582,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"PBG":{"companyName":"PBT Group Limited","ticker":"PBG","lastPrice":669,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"PBT Group (previously Prescient Ltd) is a diversified global financial services and information technology group. The Group is headquartered in Cape Town with offices in Johannesburg, Durban, Stellenbosch, Windhoek, Dublin, Melbourne and a representative office in Shanghai. The Group comprises three main entities, Prescient Holdings (Pty) Ltd , PBT (Pty) Ltd and Prescient Capital (Pty) Ltd. \n\nPrescient Holdings is the financial services arm offering global asset management services, unit trusts, retirement solutions, wealth management, administration services and stock broking to South African and offshore clients. The PBT Group conducts business intelligence, information management and specialist healthcare management solutions and services to national and international clients. Prescient Capital is an investment holding company for the diversified interest of the group outside of investment management, stock broking and information technology services."},"PHP":{"companyName":"Primary Health Prop PLC","ticker":"PHP","lastPrice":2264,"bidPrice":2264,"offerPrice":2262,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"PIK":{"companyName":"Pick n Pay Stores Ltd","ticker":"PIK","lastPrice":1995,"bidPrice":2022,"offerPrice":1982,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1967 - Founded.\n1968 - The company listed on the JSE.\nSeptember 1995 - Group restructured into 2 clear divisions, viz. Retail and Group Enterprises.\n\nPick n Pay’s roots can be traced back to principles handed down to Raymond Ackerman when he was a commerce student at the University of Cape Town. His lecturer, Professor WH Hutt, believed implicitly in the principle of consumer sovereignty, and his words, “treat the customer like a queen and she will make you a king”, made a lasting impression on the young student.\n\nThe Company’s mission is consumerism, which in simple terms, means to interpret and satisfy customers’ needs by selling quality products at competitive prices, and providing courteous service in stores that are well located and pleasing to shop in. In addition, a policy of refunding goods without question has enabled Pick n Pay to establish long-term customer relationships, and has ultimately lead to an incredibly loyal customer base. \n\nPick n Pay’s history is proof that the philosophy of consumer sovereignty is not simply a platitude. \n\nAlong with the enormous transformation that has taken place in South Africa over the past one-and-a-half decades, significant changes have also taken place within Pick n Pay. These changes are based on a firm belief that our ability to achieve service excellence is directly proportional to our capacity to establish a climate of dignity, respect and freedom amongst every employee in our company.\n\nTo achieve this, we embarked upon a change process called Vuselela – or Rebirth – which brought about a dramatic change in relationships and the re-humanisation of our places of work.\n\nThe parallels between the Company, which is a microcosm of South African society, and the country itself are self-evident. It is therefore incumbent upon us all to realise that we are the pioneers of a legacy that will underpin our dream of a democratic society. That is why we continue to emphasise our commitment to social responsibility with renewed vigour. The unselfish personal acts and sacrifices demonstrated by people within Pick n Pay on a daily basis, both towards their colleagues as well as towards customers, have strengthened our resolve to build for the future; and have restored our faith in our ability to achieve the goals we have set for ourselves."},"PMR":{"companyName":"Premier Group Limited","ticker":"PMR","lastPrice":6246,"bidPrice":6246,"offerPrice":6062,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"PMV":{"companyName":"Primeserv Group Ltd","ticker":"PMV","lastPrice":126,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Formally Corporate Resource Group Africa Ltd.\n14 August 1997 - Incorporated.\n29 April 1998 - Listed on the JSE.\n28 June 2002 - Changed its name to Primeserv Group Limited"},"PPC":{"companyName":"PPC Limited","ticker":"PPC","lastPrice":341,"bidPrice":345,"offerPrice":329,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"September 2008 Batsweledi, PPC's cement factory expansion at Dwaalboom, produces clinker.\nAugust 2008 PPC announces its broad-based black economic empowerment (“BBBEE”) transaction.\nJuly 2007 PPC was officially unbundled from the Barloworld Group on 9 July 2007 when Barloworld distributed its PPC shares as a dividend.\n2006 \n\nBarloworld and PPC announce that PPC will be unbundled from the Barloworld group during the course of 2007.\n2003 Agreement reached for the disposal of up to a 75 percent interest in Afripack to a BEE consortium which includes the management of Afripack. The transaction is subject to conditions which should be completed early in the 2004 financial year. Progress was made during the year in disposing PPC's 33 percent stake in Slagment. The sale was still subject to conditions precedent at 30 September 2003.\n2002 30 April - PPC disposed of its 32,79 percent share of NPC, located in KwaZulu-Natal, to CIMPOR CIMENTOS DE PORTUGAL SPGS, S.A.and its 25 percent interest in Ash Resources to Lafarge South Africa.\n2001 PPC Cement launched SureMix to the Gauteng construction market. The SureMix dry mortar system is a range of products produced at the PPC Cement factory site in Hercules, Pretoria, using dried sand, cement, fillers, and additives, and delivered to the construction site in a silo complete with the required mixing, conveying and application equipment.\n2001 PPC acquired Porthold Zimbabwe, the holding company of Unicem, which operates the cement business. The majority of Porthold shareholders, excluding Anglo Zimbabwe shareholders, opted for an all-share exchange of 6,724 PPC shares for every 100 Porthold shares. Only a small percentage of shareholders opted for the cash plus share option of US$4,277 plus 2,447 new PPC shares for every 100 Porthold shares held.\n2000 PPC Saldanha operations commenced. PPC Botswana launched PPC Readymix after purchasing the assets of Pioneer Concrete. These assets included the two supporting readymix plants, which are set up at the base of Kgale Hill and service the greater Gaborone area. PPC Botswana also purchased a share in Kgale Quarry. PPC Cement launched Ground Granulated Corex Slag (GGCS) to the Western Cape market.\n1999 PPC Cement launched the first silo stock monitoring system to the South African market. De Hoek and Riebeeck packaging and despatch facilities completed. PPC Saldanha commissioning complete. Quarry development at Grassridge in the Eastern Cape commenced.\n1998 Production at Dwaalboom commenced. Jupiter, Hercules, Slurry and Dwaalboom packaging and despatch facilities completed. Afripack plant modernised to meet international standards. PPC Cement launched its new product range aligned with the European specifications - the SABS ENV standards.\n1997 PPC Cement launched the first South African general purpose cement - SureBuild. The Lime Acres pre-heater was commissioned. Construction of the PPC Saldanha facility at the Saldanha Steel site commenced. \n1996 The South African cement cartel was disbanded.\n1995 PPC acquired the interest Kohler Packaging held in Kohler Sacks Ltd, becoming the sole owner of the company and renaming the company to Afripack Ltd.\n1984 The Dwaalboom facility, capable of producing 630 000 tons per annum was completed at a cost of R230 million. It was decided that the capacity of Dwaalboom would not be required immediately and the plant was mothballed.\n1982 PPC, Anglo Alpha (Alpha), Blue Circle (Lafarge) and Cape Lime Holdings agreed to establish a clinker factory at Simuma near Port Shepstone. The Umzimkulu deposit provided the raw material.\n1981 The company head office in Parktown was completed. \n1977 Northern Lime became a wholly-owned subsidiary of PPC which was renamed PPC Lime Ltd. Barlow Rand gained control of PPC. PPC acquired limestone reserves at Dwaalboom near Northam in the Northern province, now Limpopo.\n1972 PPC became a member of the Barlow Rand Group.\n1964 A Durban milling plant came into production using PPC, Anglo Alpha (Alpha) and Blue Circle (Lafarge) clinker.\n1961 PPC acquired interest in Pioneer Ready Mixed Concrete.\n1960 PPC opened its Riebeeck operation at Riebeeck West in the Western Cape.\n1959 Slurry converted to a dry raw mix system which required less water, reduced power consumption and improved labour productivity.\n1956 PPC Cement Hercules and Jupiter operation were upgraded to produce Portland Blast Furnace Cement. This product (using 50 percent clinker, 45 percent blast furnace slag and 5 percent gypsum) was first used in the construction of Roodeplaat Dam (North of Pretoria).\n1954 Silver Streams began production in October 1954, and within four years two additional kilns had to be commissioned. The plant is known as Lime Acres today, with an annual output of one million tons - one of the largest lime works in the world.\n1953 Northern Lime opened a new plant at Silver Streams in the Northern Cape, near Kimberley where a rotary kiln 300 feet in length was installed. No private company could finance this expansion and Northern Lime Company Limited was floated as a public company in December, with Rand Mines retaining technical and administrative control.\n1948 PPC Technical Services was established to provide in-house services in the chemical, chemical engineering, physical testing and geological departments in the group. It also undertakes research and development for the group.\n1945 PPC established a factory in Orkney.\n1934 PPC purchased property close to Jupiter Station, near Germiston (Gauteng). Construction of the Jupiter cement factory began.\n1933 PPC started to sell cement packaged in paper sacks.\n1928 The Port Elizabeth cement factory was constructed and production commenced.\n1921 Cape Portland Cement Company was founded following the acquisition of an interest in the Herman Piquetberg Lime Co Ltd which owned property and limestone reserves at De Hoek in the Cape.\n1916 Production at PPC Slurry commenced\n1915 Development of the PPC Slurry operation, in the North West province near Mafikeng, began\n1908 De Eerste Cement Fabrieken paid its first dividend and the name changed to Pretoria Portland Cement Company Ltd.\n1907 The PPC Lime Division was established in the Northern Transvaal, as The Northern Lime Company, Limited, to meet the needs of the rapidly developing gold mining industry.\n1904 Pienaars River Quarry was opened. This quarry is no longer in operation.\n1892 PPC (Pretoria Portland Cement Company Limited), originally named De Eerste Cement Fabrieken Beperkt, commenced operations."},"PPE":{"companyName":"Purple Group Ltd","ticker":"PPE","lastPrice":77,"bidPrice":79,"offerPrice":76,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"15 July 1998 - Incorporated under the name Moneyline 762 Ltd.\n21 September 1998 - Changed its name to Dectronic Ltd.\n18 November 1998 - Listed on the JSE.\n14 October 2002 - Dectronic changed its' name to Avasa Holdings Ltd.\n4 February 2005 - chaged name to Purple Capital Ltd.\n01/11/2005 - listing was moved from the Venture Capital sector to the Main Board of the JSE Ltd in the financials-Investment Entities sector.\n\n2006 \nJanuary\nBlackstar raised £35 million of equity for investment in BEE transactions in South Africa – PC to receive 49.9% of the carried interest received by Blackstar Managers on the first £5 million of equity invested by Blackstar and 30% of the carried interest received by Blackstar Managers on the subsequent £30 million of equity invested by Blackstar. \n\nFebruary -16.8% of the issued ordinary share capital of PC purchased by new strategic investors. \n\nSeptember - Acquired a further 20% interest in Umnombo. \n\nNovember - Acquired an effective [10%] interest in Cape Empowerment Trust (\"CET\") in return for an effective 10% interest in PC. \n\n2007 \nJanuary\nPurchased from First South Risk Solutions (Pty) Ltd (member of J&J Group) 73,5% of a treasury management business providing services to the South African National Roads Agency Ltd. \n\nAcquired a 15% equity stake and a R5,0m redeemable debenture investment in AIF (a specialised asset finance company). April\nStructured and injected equity of R4,8m in respect of Real People South Africa's BEE transaction. Acquired 29,99% of Spanjaard for R6,35m. Acquired 47% of Integer for [R14,0m].\n \nJune\nR45,4m rights offer to fund these various investment opportunities. \n\nOctober\nAcquired 100% of Global Trader for €36 million funded by a R159,4m specific issue with the balance being funded out of cash and debt facilities. \n\n2008 \nFebruary\nGTE applied to be put under administration as a result of a regulatory capital deficit.\n\nThe South African GT operations remained unaffected economically or legally by the circumstances of GTE. \n\nApril\nPC required to write down the carrying value of its investment in the GT Group from R315 million to R252 million (given GTE comprised 20% of the GT Group earnings), translating into an income statement (non-cash flow) loss of R63 million. \n\nOctober\nR119,92m rights offer to eliminate debt and strengthen PC's balance sheet, raise sufficient capital to fund existing operations into the foreseeable future and take advantage of current and future opportunities within its financial services focus.\n\nParticipated in underwriting the BESA rights issue – gained 5,3% for R7,5m. \n\n2009 \nJanuary\nEmbarked on an imperative to eliminate debt and retain interests only in financial services companies where PC exercises a high level of shareholder control and oversight and is able to access operational cash flows. April\nDisposed its 20% interest in Acsis Limited for R32 million. \n\nJune\nDisposed of its 6,7% interest in CET for R9,55m and its 47% stake in Integer for R9,39m. Following the acquisition of BESA by the JSE Limited, PC disposed of its 5,3% stake for R12,85."},"PPH":{"companyName":"Pepkor Holdings Ltd","ticker":"PPH","lastPrice":1900,"bidPrice":1926,"offerPrice":1883,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Wednesday 15 August 2018\n \n\"Steinhoff Africa Retail Limited\" and commencement of trading under the new name \"Pepkor Holdings Limited\", under share code \"PPH\", short name \"PEPKORH\" and ISIN ZAE000259479 from the commencement of trade"},"PPR":{"companyName":"Putprop Ltd","ticker":"PPR","lastPrice":306,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"28/11/2005 - Name changed from Putco Properties Ltd to Putprop Ltd."},"PRX":{"companyName":"Prosus N.V.","ticker":"PRX","lastPrice":70150,"bidPrice":72180,"offerPrice":70026,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION\nOn 25 March 2019, Naspers announced its intention to list its international internet\nassets on Euronext Amsterdam and, as a secondary listing, on the Main Board of the JSE.\n \nOn 19 July 2019, Naspers issued a circular to its shareholders in relation to the extraordinary general meeting of Naspers shareholders (the Naspers Circular), in\nwhich it announced its intention, subject to the terms and conditions set out in the\nNaspers Circular, to implement the Capital Restructure and the Admissions (the Transaction). On 23 August 2019, Naspers's shareholders approved, inter alia, the\nresolutions required to authorise the implementation of the Capital Restructure.\n \nAs at the date of this Abridged Pre-listing Statement, all the conditions to the\nimplementation of the Capitalisation Issue have been fulfilled or waived.\n \nThe Transaction provides flexibility to Naspers N Shareholders by giving them the option to receive Prosus N Ordinary Shares (under the Naspers M Share Capitalisation Issue) or additional Naspers N Ordinary Shares (under the Naspers N Share Capitalisation Issue). Naspers N Shareholders must take appropriate advice,\nas necessary, particularly in relation to the potential tax implications of the Capitalisation Issue."},"PSV":{"companyName":"PSV Holdings Ltd","ticker":"PSV","lastPrice":8,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"PSV was incorporated as a public company on the 24th of March 2005, specifically to create a holding company for the various subsdiaries of PSV prior listing."},"PWR":{"companyName":"PowerFleet Inc","ticker":"PWR","lastPrice":9841,"bidPrice":9841,"offerPrice":9500,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"QFH":{"companyName":"Quantum Foods Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"QFH","lastPrice":1425,"bidPrice":1425,"offerPrice":1425,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"QLT":{"companyName":"Quilter Plc","ticker":"QLT","lastPrice":2554,"bidPrice":2582,"offerPrice":2545,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"RACP":{"companyName":"RECM and Calibre Limited","ticker":"RACP","lastPrice":705,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"History\n\n\nRECM and Calibre Limited (“RAC”) was founded in 2010 as a joint venture between Regarding Capital Management (“RCM”) (a fund manager) and Calibre Capital (a private equity firm). Both RCM and RAC are controlled by the same principals, namely Piet Viljoen, Theunis De Bruyn and Jan van Niekerk.\n \nInvestment Objective\n \nRECM and Calibre makes long term investments, with the objective of generating high real returns. This is achieved through the acquisition of assets where size, liquidity, regulations or complexity act as a deterrent to most buyers. We follow a number of strategies. We acquire minority stakes in undervalued publicly-listed companies. We partner with management teams in private businesses through acquisitions of influential ownership stakes in their respective businesses, allowing them to grow the value of the business. We can also make investments in any other assets that present an opportunity to grow that portion of our invested capital significantly ahead of inflation.\n \nRisk Management\n \nRECM and Calibre believe that the best way to manage risk is by investing in the “right” businesses. For an investment to be “right” for us, it needs to satisfy all of the following criteria:\n \n1. The target business must be of good quality;\n 2. The management of the target business must engender trust with us, and vice versa;\n 3. The price we pay for the business must be reasonable.\n \nWe define risk as the likelihood of losing money, and our point of departure in analyzing new opportunities is “how much can we lose?”\n \nInvestment Universe\n \nRECM and Calibre has a very broad investment universe. We can invest in listed or unlisted businesses in any geography (onshore or offshore). We can also invest in different types of securities. We believe a broad universe is a significant competitive edge. However, we will stick to areas in which we have a high level of competence in analyzing the situation. And we prefer investing in operating business entities, rather than structures or assets.\n \nStructure\n \nRECM and Calibre is funded through the issue of two types of securities. The ordinary shares are unlisted, and held by the principals in the business. There are also variable rate preference shares in issue, which have been listed on the JSE Stock Exchange. The economic interests of the equity and preference shares are exactly the same, although only the ordinary shares have voting power (except in certain special situations)."},"RBX":{"companyName":"Raubex Group Ltd","ticker":"RBX","lastPrice":3726,"bidPrice":3799,"offerPrice":3444,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1974\nRaubex was founded by Koos Raubenheimer in November 1974. The first contract was awarded to it by the Free State Provincial Administration to construct a bridge over the Vetriver near Bultfontein. The Company therefore started off as a concrete structures contractor. The developing road network required an increasing number of bridges and Raubex was there to build them.\n\n1975 – 1986\nDuring the next years until 1986 the Company started to diversify into road construction and crushing. In this period Raubex completed 109 projects which included 50 bridges. Raubex took on its first major road construction project, namely the construction of the Kroonstad to Koppies road.\n\n1987 – 1996\nFrom 1987 onward the Company would take on larger road construction projects and would start venturing outside its original playing field namely the Free State. From 1987 to 1996 the completed projects increased to 200.\n\n1996 – present\nDuring 1996 a process of unbundling helped strengthen the competitive spirit and would help Raubex through tough years, when infrastructure spending was at a low. During 2004 the process was reversed and the Company consolidated into the current three divisions. During this period the Company showed rapid growth in the road rehabilitation sector. \n\nRaubex is a construction company with a specific focus on infrastructure development, which operates across all nine South African provinces and throughout southern Africa. J E `Koos` Raubenheimer founded the business in Bloemfontein in 1974 and progressively developed the Raubex Group into a leader in road construction and rehabilitation and associated infrastructure development including concrete structures. Raubex has a proud record of over 30 years of uninterrupted profitability and employs over 2 800 people. The Company is also a major supplier of aggregates to the construction industry."},"RCL":{"companyName":"RCL Foods Limited","ticker":"RCL","lastPrice":1050,"bidPrice":1050,"offerPrice":1000,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Rainbow was founded by the late Stanley Methven on his father’s farm at Hammarsdale, outside Durban in 1960. He first sold from a stall in central Durban, demand for Rainbow’s chicken grew quickly, leading to the commissioning of the first processing plant at Hammarsdale in 1963. \n\n19 June 1989 the company listed on the JSE. \n\nRainbow is South Africa’s largest processor and marketer of chicken. \n\nRainbow is a fully integrated broiler producer that breeds and rears its own livestock which it feeds from its own feed mills, processes, distributes and markets fresh, frozen, value-added and further-processed chicken. \n\nToday Rainbow is no longer simply a chicken producer, but a company that has placed the consumer at the heart of its business – creating over 4 million memorable meal occasions every week. \n\nRainbow operates in the local retail, wholesale and foodservice channels with four brands – Rainbow, Farmer Brown, Rainbow Simply Chicken and Rainbow FoodSolutions. It also produces a variety of dealer-own brands for a number of retailers and wholesalers."},"RDF":{"companyName":"Redefine Properties Ltd","ticker":"RDF","lastPrice":389,"bidPrice":394,"offerPrice":389,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"26 August 1999 - Incorporated under the name Newshelf 570 (Pty) Ltd.\n17 January 2000 - Converted to a public company.\n22 December 1999 - Name was changed to Redefine Income Fund Ltd.\n23 February 2000 - Listed on the JSE."},"REA":{"companyName":"Rebosis Property Fund Ltd A","ticker":"REA","lastPrice":96,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"REB":{"companyName":"Rebosis Property Fund Ltd","ticker":"REB","lastPrice":16,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Billion Group was established in 1999 by Mr Sisa Ngebulana, the Chief Executive Officer of Rebosis. His holding is held through the Amatolo Family Trust that currently holds the entire issued share capital in Billion Group and, immediately prior to listing, will hold 100% of the issued Rebosis linked units(which holding will be reduced to 20.8% if the private placement is fully subscribed). \nOver the last 12 years Mr Ngebulana has successfully grown the Billion Group`s \nportfolio of office and retail properties, through a combination of acquisitions\nand property developments, from the initial acquisition of the Liberty Life building in 2003 to the current portfolio of high grade properties valued in excess of R3.6 billion. \nRebosis was incorporated on 22 February 2010 as a shelf company and was converted into a public company on 16 November 2010. On 2 December 2010 the entire issued share capital in the Company was acquired by the Amatolo Family Trust with the intention of using the Company as the vehicle to list the Billion group`s portfolio of office and retail properties."},"REM":{"companyName":"Remgro Ltd","ticker":"REM","lastPrice":12578,"bidPrice":12628,"offerPrice":12431,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1940 Remgro Limited's (Remgro) founding history goes back to the forties of the previous century when the founder of the Group, Dr Anton Rupert, established in Johannesburg, South Africa, the tobacco company Voorbrand, forerunner of Rembrandt Group Limited (Rembrandt). Rembrandt was incorporated in 1948.\nRembrandt thus entered the South African cigarette and tobacco industry in 1948 and in the fifties expanded abroad through the establishment of various international partnerships. \n \n \n1950 Listed on the JSE Securities Exchange South Africa in 1956. \n \n \n1970 In 1972, the overseas tobacco interests of Rembrandt were consolidated in Rothmans International, which was listed on the London Stock Exchange. \nSince the 1970s Rembrandt expanded its interests outside tobacco, wine and spirits with investments in various other economic sectors in South Africa, amongst which were banking and financial services, mining, cellular communication, printing and packaging, medical services, engineering and food interests.\n \n \n1980 The separation of local and overseas interests were effected in 1988 with the founding of Compagnie Financière Richemont AG (Richemont) – a Swiss-listed luxury goods group which then also acquired the shares in Rothmans International.\n \n \n1990 In 1995, Rembrandt and Richemont consolidated their respective tobacco interests in Rothmans International, at the time the world's fourth largest cigarette manufacturer, which was then delisted, and then in 1999 merged these interests with those of British American Tobacco Plc (BAT), the world's second largest cigarette producer. The investment in BAT is held through a joint holding company, R&R Holdings (Luxembourg), in which Rembrandt (now Remgro) and Richemont hold 33 1/3% and 66 2/3% respectively.\n \n \n2000 The restructuring of Rembrandt was advanced a step further in September 2000 when the South African pyramid holding structure, consisting of four listed companies, was replaced by two listed companies only, namely Remgro Limited and VenFin Limited.\n \n \n2007 Today, Remgro represents Rembrandt's established interests in tobacco, financial services, mining and industry, while the telecommunication and technology interests are accommodated in VenFin Limited.\n \n \n \n2008 During November 2008 Remgro unbundled its investment in BAT to its shareholders by way of an interim dividend in specie amounting to a total amount of R55.2 billion. Following the BAT unbundling the Group’s remaining interests consisted mainly of investments in banking and financial services, printing and packaging, motor components, glass products, medical services, mining, petroleum products, food, wine and spirits and various other trade mark products.\n\n2009 During November 2009 Remgro and VenFin merged again, adding media and technology interests to the Group’s investments."},"REN":{"companyName":"Renergen Limited","ticker":"REN","lastPrice":1120,"bidPrice":1160,"offerPrice":1100,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"RES":{"companyName":"Resilient REIT Limited","ticker":"RES","lastPrice":4365,"bidPrice":4402,"offerPrice":4363,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"15th July 2002 - Incorporated in the Republic.\n09th December 2002 - Listed on the JSE."},"RFG":{"companyName":"RFG Holdings Limited","ticker":"RFG","lastPrice":1323,"bidPrice":1345,"offerPrice":1320,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"2019 - Name changed to RFG Holdings Ltd\n\n\n2017\nThe Competition Commission approves the acquisitions of both Pakco and Ma Baker Companies.\n\n2016\nThe Group makes 5 acquisitions: The first is the acquisition of the business assets of Deemster (Pty) Ltd. Deemster, enabling Rhodes Food Group to expand its offering into salads and pickles. Next is the food service business from General Mills South Africa, which produces dry and frozen and bakery products. The third acquisition for the year is Ali BaBa Foods Holdings (Pty) Ltd, which is known for the manufacture of Halaal eastern-inspired snack foods. Setting its sights on the dry packed food market, the Group then acquired Durban-based Pakco, which produces has portfolio of strong and well-known brands including Bisto, Hinds and Gold Dish. The last dealings for 2016 saw Rhodes Food Group acquire another KwaZulu-Natal based company – pie producer Ma Baker. The latter two acquisitions are subject to due diligence investigations and competition approval.\n\n2015\nThe Group's first acquisition for the financial year is the Western Cape-based fruit juice producer, Pacmar. This is followed by Boland Pulp, which is a leading manufacturer of industrial fruit and vegetable purees. In the same year, Rhodes Food Group acquires the pies and pastry products producer Saint Pie, which is based in Lydenburg, Mpumalanga.\n\n2014\nOn the 2nd of October 2014, Rhodes Food Group lists on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange securing its position as one of South Africa’s leading food manufacturers and producers.\n\n2014\nRhodes Food Group acquires Trout Hall®, a premium long-life fruit brand in the United Kingdom.\n\n2013\nRhodes Food Group acquires the Bull Brand business from KAP Industrial Holdings (Pty) Ltd. In addition to the iconic Bull Brand range, the acquisition included the business' other well-known brands Gant’s and Spekenam.\n\n2012\nA management led buy-out sees the Ivor Ferreira Trust sell Rhodes Food Group in 2012. The new shareholding consortium comprises Capitalworks, Morgan Stanley Alternative Investment Partners and management.\n\n2010\nRhodes Food Group builds a state-of-the-art Ready Meals factory in Gauteng. The plant will produce fresh and frozen ready meals, including fresh pasta and sauces. The Group also acquires the Tulbagh based fruit canning operations of Del Monte.\n\n2008\nRhodes Food Group acquires the Giants Canning Limpopo based vegetable cannery.\n\n2007\nRhodes Food Group acquires Sunpie.\n\n2006\nThe Group installs a state-of-the-art packaging facility for packing fruit into plastic cups in their Swaziland operation, affording Rhodes Food Group entry into the international fruit snacking market.\n\n2004\nRhodes Food Group acquires Magpie Foods and the Magpie brand – expanding their offering into the pies and pastries market segment. \n\n1999\nRhodes Food Group (Pty) Ltd. is formed. In 1999, Anglo American Farms sells their food division (including the RFF canning operation and Wonderland Foods) to the Ivor Ferreira Trust. The Trust re-names the operation RFF Foods (Pty) Ltd., which was later changed to Rhodes Food Group (Pty) Ltd."},"RHB":{"companyName":"RH Bophelo Limited","ticker":"RHB","lastPrice":260,"bidPrice":260,"offerPrice":260,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"RH Bophelo was initially incorporated as a private company in 2017. It was later converted into a public company and its name was changed to RH Bophelo – as it now stands.\n\nRH Bophelo (RHB) is a healthcare investment vehicle that aims to produce superior returns, whilst contributing to socio-economic value creation and development of South Africa and making an important contribution to ongoing transformation in South Africa.\n\nThe intended purpose of the company, following the JSE listing, will be to pursue acquisitions of healthcare assets in exceptionally managed commercial entities or special situations across the South African market. However, a tenth of the fund will be allocated for social assets.\n\nWe collaborate and work with individuals who are uniquely qualified to deliver exceptional performance for shareholders and possess direct equity, debt investment, portfolio management, business, political and legal experience across varied asset classes and sectors (in particular healthcare) in the South African market, on the African continent and internationally.\n\nThe company has been structured to deliver shareholders a growth oriented cash generative return, without the negative structural elements of traditional junior debt and private equity funds, namely management fees, illiquidity and opaque governance."},"RLO":{"companyName":"Reunert Ltd","ticker":"RLO","lastPrice":6721,"bidPrice":6762,"offerPrice":6653,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Reunert & Lenz, as the company was first known over a hundred years ago, can scarcely be recognised in the Reunert of today. Over the years the company has changed from a two-man concern in the early days, to a powerhouse in electronics, telecommunications and electrical engineering employing 5 000 people. \n \nEstablished in 1888, the company was the creation of Theodore Reunert, an enterprising young engineer from Leeds, and Otto Lenz, an export salesman. Their initial business was as the agency for John Fowler and Company of Leeds, suppliers of traction engines, plows, and later locomotives. Over the years they held many other agencies. \n\nReunert and Lenz quickly became South Africa's leading specialists in the new fields of electric lighting and power transmission. They brought power to East London, the country's first town using alternating current. They also electrified Kimberley and Bloemfontein, and stations as far afield as the former Lourenço Marques (today Maputo). \n\nIn 1907 the failure of a gas-engine power scheme in Johannesburg proved the perfect opportunity for Reunert and Lenz to make their name. With frequent power failures in the city affecting everything including the trams, the crisis in Johannesburg had to be resolved quickly. Reunert and Lenz came to the rescue with a replacement steam-generated power plant in a miraculous 6 weeks. \n\nDuring the first part of the twentieth century Reunert and Lenz continued as agents for international firms such as Babcock & Wilcox, Bellis & Morcom, ASEA of Sweden and the North British Railway Company. Products included almost every aspect of engineering from ploughs and steamrollers to locomotives, tugboats and trams. By the mid '50s, Reunert & Lenz had supplied over 2 500 mainline locomotives from North British to the SAR. \n\nIn 1914 the company converted to a private limited liability company known as Reunert & Lenz Limited. The Great Depression of 1929 hit the company hard but Reunert & Lenz survived thanks to their sole agency for Babcock and Wilcox Ltd boilers. Power stations continued to need equipment and spares when all other business was halted. \n\nThroughout the Second World War when imported goods were scarce, Reunert & Lenz survived by turning to engineering manufacturing and distribution of local products. After the war the company boomed with the economy, expanding activities to other southern African countries. By 1955 the marketing network had been strengthened to incorporate branches in over 20 industrial centres. \n\nA new approach saw management seeking overseas principals to take a stake in the country. For Reunert & Lenz enormous growth demanded a heavy cash injection and in February 1948, 60 years after the original partnership was founded, the company was successfully listed on the JSE. In the post-war period up to 1980 three business areas dominated the company namely electrical, distributing the products of Fenner of England and locomotive equipment. \n\nA decision in the 60s had brought overseas associates into South Africa to operate jointly controlled companies with Reunert & Lenz on the basis of 50-50 partnerships. Five such \"company marriages\" were made with European companies and continued successfully until the merger with Barlow Rand. \n\nBy the early 80s warning signals began to flash. Rivals sought to wrest control from existing shareholders and Barlow Rand was chosen as a majority holder to afford umbrella protection. Incorporated into Barlow, the company became known simply as Reunert Limited in 1983 and prospered with new activity for Reunert including a first entry into the computer business. \n\nReunert was hard hit by cutbacks in the spending of major quasi-government corporations like ESKOM and ISCOR during the mid 80s. Some restructuring followed. In 1986 Reunert acquired a further 30% shareholding in ATC (from BICC) bringing its stake to 55%. Reunert Computers was sold to a new company, Technology Systems International in 1987, whilst the 30% interest that Heinemann USA held in CBI was bought, making it a wholly-owned company. \n\nStrengthening its telecommunications interests, Reunert acquired a 50% interest in Telephone Manufacturers of SA (Pty) Ltd through subsidiary GEC South Africa. Reunert was now structured in four divisions, namely electrical, telecommunications, consumer and commercial and defence and allied. \n\nThe early 1990's was a period of prosperity for Reunert and in 1993 the group was unbundled from Barlows. However, the group diversified too fast into a variety of non-core operations which had a negative effect on Reunert's profitability. \n\nIn 1997 a basically new management team was appointed who implemented a restructuring programme to turn the company into a focused, competitive organisation. The past few years have seen the composition of the group changing due to various disposals of non-core operations or closure of unprofitable businesses. In March 1999 Reunert sold its effective interest in GEC SA and its direct interest in Telephone Manufacturers of South Africa (Pty) Ltd to Marconi Communications. Other major disposals include the mechanical engineering division Reumech OMC that was sold to Vickers and the 50% stake in Alstom which was sold to its parent company Alstom France. \n\nEntering its second century, the group is now focused on electronics and electrical engineering, supplying value-added products, systems and solutions to local and international growth markets. With a solid commitment to sustainable growth and earnings, Reunert seems poised for an ever-brighter future. The group and its people have proved that they have the ability to adapt to an ever-changing environment."},"RMH":{"companyName":"RMB Holdings Ltd","ticker":"RMH","lastPrice":41,"bidPrice":41,"offerPrice":40,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"A FEW BIG STEPS & Normalised earnings\n \n 1987 RMBH Group constituted R44 million\n 1993 Momentum acquired \n RMBH listed \n Discovery Health formed, exceed\n R100 million \n 1995 Global Resorts formed \n 1997 exceed R250 million \n 1998 FirstRand formed \n FNB/Southern acquired \n OUTsurance formed \n 1999 exceed R500 million \n 2001 Remgro acquires interest in RMBH exceed R 1 billion \n 2004 Global Resorts sold \n exceed R 2 billion \n 2006 R1,2 billion returned to shareholders \n 2007 R4 billion \n 2008 Direct stake in Discovery"},"RNG":{"companyName":"Randgold & Expl Co Ltd","ticker":"RNG","lastPrice":89,"bidPrice":89,"offerPrice":89,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1992 - Randgold & Exploration Co Ltd was established to take over the gold interests of Rand Mines Ltd in 1994 &.\n14/12/94 - Durban Roodepoort Deep/Rand Leases merger given approval.\n03/07/95 - The above merger was completed.\n15/07/95 - Blyvooruitzicht announces its intention of acquiring Doornfontein.\n04/08/95 - Randgold Resources Ltd incorporated in Jersey as the group's international arm.\n30/10/95 - Blyvooruitzicht/Doornfontein merger completed.\n05/02/96 - Successful private placing of 11% of Randgold Resources' issued shares.\n18/04/96 - Randgold acquired Buffelsfontein, Stilfontein and Grootvlei from Gengold; Harmony acquired Unisel.\n09/09/96 - Unisel merged with Harmony.\n03/10/96 - Blyvooruitzicht, Buffelsfontein, Durban Roodepoort Deep, Grootvlei and Harmony listed on the Nasdaq exchange.\n07/10/96 - Randgold Resources acquired BHP Minerals Mali Inc, its first gold producer.\n29/02/97 - Randgold listed on NASDAQ.\n24/03/97 - Randgold announces establishment of new company to develop surface recovery venture.\n01/07/97 - Randgold Resources Ltd listed on the LSE."},"RNI":{"companyName":"Reinet Investments S.C.A","ticker":"RNI","lastPrice":45057,"bidPrice":45654,"offerPrice":44684,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Reinet was established on 21 October 2008 when the former Richemont SA changed its legal form to that of a partnership limited by shares and adopted the name Reinet Investments S.C.A.\n\nAt the same time as it changed its legal status, Richemont SA redeemed its ordinary capital, which was held exclusively by Compagnie Financière Richemont S.A.(‘CFR’), by way of the distribution to CFR of its entire luxury goods interests. In consequence, CFR became a specifically focused luxury goods company and Reinet was established as an investment vehicle, the principal asset of which was the former Richemont’s interest in British American Tobacco"},"RTN":{"companyName":"Rex Trueform Group -N-","ticker":"RTN","lastPrice":1530,"bidPrice":1530,"offerPrice":1530,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"RTO":{"companyName":"Rex Trueform Group Ltd","ticker":"RTO","lastPrice":1150,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Rex Trueform Clothing Company Limited was established in Cape Town in 1937 and has been listed on the JSE Limited since 1945. The company has interests in the retailing of clothing and in property."},"RTOP":{"companyName":"Rex Trueform Grp 6%Pref","ticker":"RTOP","lastPrice":111,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"S32":{"companyName":"South32 Limited","ticker":"S32","lastPrice":4577,"bidPrice":4598,"offerPrice":4351,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"SAC":{"companyName":"SA Corp Real Estate Ltd","ticker":"SAC","lastPrice":256,"bidPrice":258,"offerPrice":252,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"21 August 1995 - Ukhozi was formed by Nyoni Property Fund Managers Ltd.\n27 September 1995 - Listed on the JSE.\n31 July 1998 - Assets of Umdoni, Tamboti, Higate and Highstone Property Funds were acquired.\n3 August 1998 - Ukhozi changed name to Marriott Property Fund.\n22 March 2002 - Name changed from Marriott Property Fund to Martprop Property Fund.\n\n2006 - Fund name changed to SA CORPORATE REAL ESTATE FUND after OLD MUTUAL GROUP acquires the Marriott business unit. \n\n2007 - Fund acquires SA Retail Properties Limited and portfolios of Sharemax and Buffcol. Change of size of portfolio and weighting from industrial to retail. BEE deal announced.\n\n2008 - BEE equity ownership lost due to fall in unit price. Fund announces selective disposal strategy to Streamline property portfolio and improve quality of earnings.\n\n2009 - Strategic decision to centralise management of Fund in Cape Town. Unit buy back process, disposal process and strategic capital investment continues to remain a priority.\n\n2010 - Execution of investment strategy to improve the quality of the portfolio and returns. Restruture of steppedrate debt structure to protect and improve future returns.\n\n2011 - Strategic implementation of improving quality of portfolio through development\nand capital expenditure is gaining ground. Cumulative disposals over the last 3 years of R1,3bn."},"SAP":{"companyName":"Sappi Ltd","ticker":"SAP","lastPrice":5473,"bidPrice":5473,"offerPrice":5388,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1936 - Sappi was launched as South African Pulp and Paper Industries Ltd.\n1985 - Ngodwana Mill expansion completed : South Africa's largest single private sector investment at that time, with almost 50% of output aimed at the export market.\n1988 - Acquisition of Saiccor, the world's single largest producer of dissolving pulp. Nearly 100% of the company's output is exported.\n1989 - Acquisition of a major share in the Usutu Pulp Company in Swaziland, producers of unbleached softwood kraft market pulp.\n1990 - Establishment of Sappi Europe. An international manufacturing base established through the purchase of 5 fine paper mills in the UK and the situation of Sappi Europe head office in London.\n1991 - International trading arm acquired through the acquisition of Speciality Pulp of Hong Kong and the establishment of Sappi Trading.\n1992 - Acquisition of 99% of Hannover papier, Germany. Sappi shares listed on the London and Frankfurt stock exchanges and the Paris Bourse.\n1993 - Sappi Europe SA launched : a pan-European sales organisation with head office in Brussels.\n1994 - Acquisition of 75% of SD Warren, USA's largest manufacturer of woodfree coated paper.\n1995 - R800 million expansion project commissioned at Sappi Saiccor.\n1997 - acquired 91,5% of KNP Leykam - now Sappi owns 22% of the market share of coated woodfree paper in Europe. KNP is Europe's largest producer of coated woodfree paper, with 4 mills in the Netherlands, Belgium and Austria.\n5 November 1998 - Listed on the NY Stock Exchange.\n29 March 2000 - To Delist from the Paris Bourse.\n\n2001 - Sappi Fine Paper North America exits the US uncoated paper business and closes its Mobile Mill in Alabama (United States of America) - in line with Sappi’s focus on coated fine paper.\nSappi Mining Timber, the mining timber division of Sappi Forest Products; sold as part of Sappi’s strategy to dispose of non-core operations.​\n\n2002 - May - Sappi acquires Potlatch Corporation's coated fine paper business and its Cloquet pulp and paper mill in Minnesota (United States of America) - an excellent fit with existing operations in North America and Europe.\nMarch - Sappi closes Transcript Mill in Scotland as part of Sappi's strategy to dispose of non-core operations.​\n\n2003 -Boskor Sawmill sold - part of Sappi's program to dispose of its non-core assets.​\n\n2004 - October - Sappi takes a 34% equity stake in the Jiangxi Chenming joint venture (China). Jiangxi Chenming is building a 350,000 tons per annum lightweight coated paper machine, a mechanical (BTMP) pulp mill and a de-inked pulp plant (construction to be completed in mid-2005).​\n\n2005 - PM4 closed and pulp mill mothballed at Muskegon Mill, Michigan (United States of America) in line with Sappi's strategy to shut high-cost capacity.​\n\n2006-2008 - ZAR3.4billion invested at Saiccor Mill to increase production of dissolving wood pulp to 800,000 tons per annum.​\nNovember - Production ceases at Blackburn Mill, United Kingdom, in line with Sappi's strategy to shut high-cost capacity.​\n\n2009 - Acquisition of the coated graphic paper business of M-real.​\nNovember - Sappi delists from the London Stock Exchange (LSE).\nAugust - Sappi closes Muskegon Mill in Michigan, United States of America; a decision based on Sappi’s commitment to substantially improve profitability and returns to all its businesses.​\n\n2010 - July - Sappi Fine Paper South Africa and Sappi Kraft merge to form a new division known as Sappi Paper and Paper Packaging South Africa (SA).\n July - Sappi Saiccor renamed to Sappi Specialised Cellulose division.\nJanuary - Usutu Pulp Company continues to operate focused on rehabilitating 20,500 hectares of burnt timber in Swaziland to allow for future beneficiation opportunities.\nJanuary - Closure of Usutu Pulp Mill effectively exiting Sappi from the unbleached softwood flash-dried pulp market.\nJanuary - Closure of Kangas Mill in Finland; a decision based on the fact that the impact of the global recession has caused a structural drop in demand for mechanical coated paper.​\n\n2011 - November - Sappi announces conversion to add 330,000 tons of dissolving wood pulp production at its Cloquet Mill in Minnesota, United States of America. \nAugust - Production ceases at Adamas Mill, South Africa, in line with Sappi's strategy to shut high-cost capacity.\nAugust - Production ceases at Biberist Mill, Switzerland, in line with Sappi's strategy to shut high-cost capacity.​\nMay - Sappi announces conversion to add 210,000 tons of dissolving wood pulp production at its Ngodwana Mill in Mpumalanga, South Africa.\n\n2012 - August - Sappi sells its 34% shareholding in the Jiangxi Chenming Paper Company Limited and exits the Chinese Joint Venture as part of its strategic focus on high growth investments and debt reduction."},"SAR":{"companyName":"Safari Investments RSA Ltd","ticker":"SAR","lastPrice":525,"bidPrice":525,"offerPrice":525,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"SBK":{"companyName":"Standard Bank Group Ltd","ticker":"SBK","lastPrice":18939,"bidPrice":19108,"offerPrice":18844,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"In the beginning... \n\nThe Cape Colony, at the southern tip of Africa, was flourishing in the 1850s. Many of the small-town banks that had started in 1837 were doing well and paying dividends of 12 % to 20%. The staple export was wool and Port Elizabeth, the major port, was experiencing economic prosperity as never before. \n\n1857 \n\nIn June 1857 a group of businessmen attempted to establish the Standard Bank of Port Elizabeth. Nothing came of the venture, presumably because investors were wary of two existing banks in Port Elizabeth. But the dream was pursued and John Paterson, the man behind the idea, sailed to England to encourage British investors to support the scheme. \n\n1860 \n\nPaterson's efforts were successful and in April 1860, a prospectus for The Standard Bank of British South Africa was published in London. \n\n1862 \n\nTwo years after the appearance of its prospectus, The Standard Bank of British South Africa was established. On 15 October 1862 the bank was incorporated and registered as a limited liability company. Its capital was fixed at ₤1,000,000 with 10,000 shares of ₤100 each. \n\n1863 \n\nOperations commenced immediately in London and by January 1863 the bank’s agents in Port Elizabeth and Alexander Croll & Company were discounting bills. Over the next 50 years a branch network was established throughout southern Africa. The Port Elizabeth office was to remain Standard Bank's South African headquarters for 23 years. \n\n1883 \n\nThe word \"British\" was dropped from the name. \n\n1962 \n\nIn 1962 a subsidiary company was formed to carry business in South and South West Africa (now Namibia) under the bank's old name. The name Standard Bank Limited was adopted for the holding company in England (subsequently to become Standard Chartered Bank plc). \n\n1969 \n\nStandard Bank Group was established in 1969 as Standard Bank Investment Corporation - the holding company of SBSA. \n\n1987 \n\nStandard Chartered sold its 39% stake in Standard Bank Group in 1987, transferring complete ownership of the holding company to South Africa.\n\n\n1988 \n\nThe re-establishment of Standard Bank's African links began in 1988, with the establishment of a branch in Swaziland. \n\n1991 \n\nIn 1991 Standard Bank established a bank in Botswana and acquired ANZ Grindlays operations in Botswana, Kenya, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia and Zimbabwe, and minority holdings in banks in Ghana and Nigeria. \n\nThe group also expanded further afield. Standard Bank London was established in 1992 and in the same year operations in Jersey and the Isle of Man were acquired. Two years later, the Isle of Man presence was broadened considerably with the acquisition of Standard Chartered's banking activities on the island. Standard Bank also has a full branch in Taipei and full bank status in Russia, Hong Kong, Singapore and Brazil. \n\n2001 \n\nStandard Bank Group acquired Jardine Fleming Bank Limited in July 2001. \n\n2005 - 2006 \n\nStandard Bank entered into an agreement in 2005 to buy BankBoston Argentina from Bank of America. The acquisition is expected to be concluded by the end of 2006. \n\nThe integration of Capital Alliance Holdings Limited into Liberty Life is on track and benefits are beginning to be extracted.\n\n2007\nStandard Bank took control of BankBoston Argentina with effect from 1 April 2007 and renamed it Standard Bank Argentina. \n\nStandard Bank acquired a 61% share of Dundas Ünlü with effect 1 September 2007 and commenced operations in Turkey under the name of Standard Ünlü. \n\nStandard Bank's Nigerian operation, Stanbic Bank (Nigeria), was merged with those of IBTC Chartered Bank Plc (IBTC) and Standard Bank acquired sufficient additional shares at a total value of R2,8 billion in the enlarged IBTC to establish a controlling interest with effect from 24 September 2007. \n\nIn December 2007, shareholders approved the transaction whereby Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) invested R36,7 billion in Standard Bank for a 20% shareholding. \n\n2008\nA 60% interest in CfC Bank (renamed CfC Stanbic Holdings) in Kenya was acquired effective 1 June 2008. \n\nStandard Bank increased its effective holding in Liberty from 32,8% to 53,7% during the year and simplified its holding structure. \n\n2009\nThe group acquired a 36% interest in Troika Dialog Group in Russia. \n\n2010\nStandard Bank Group acquired the 50% it did not own of Credit Suisse Standard Securities, and renamed it SBG Securities, which commenced operating in January 2011. \n\nThe group opened its first branch in Angola. \n\n2011\nOn 11 March 2011, the disposal of Troika Dialog Group was agreed upon and announced."},"SBKP":{"companyName":"Std Bank Group 6,5%Pref","ticker":"SBKP","lastPrice":65,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"SBP":{"companyName":"Sabvest Capital Limited","ticker":"SBP","lastPrice":6728,"bidPrice":6728,"offerPrice":6600,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"SBPP":{"companyName":"Standard Bank Group Pref","ticker":"SBPP","lastPrice":8496,"bidPrice":8496,"offerPrice":8300,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"SCD":{"companyName":"Schroder Eur REIT plc","ticker":"SCD","lastPrice":1432,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Founded in London as J.F.Schröder & Co in 1800, our first 100 years saw us building a client base around the world. We were busy financing trade between America and Europe and funding major infrastructure projects like railways, ports and power stations. And moving into new areas such as bonds and corporate finance. \n\nIn 1924, we formed our first investment trust and started managing investments for clients. Our listing on the London Stock Exchange followed in 1959. \n\nBy the start of the 20th century, we had clients across the Americas, Europe and Asia. Come the 1970s, we had a presence in the major financial markets, including Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, Australia, Brazil, Switzerland and many more. \n\nIn 2000, we sold our investment banking arm to specialise in asset and wealth management. Today, we’ve also expanded into private markets, opening up a new dimension to our clients."},"SDL":{"companyName":"Southern Palladium Ltd","ticker":"SDL","lastPrice":390,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"SDO":{"companyName":"Stadio Holdings Limited","ticker":"SDO","lastPrice":471,"bidPrice":478,"offerPrice":462,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"SEA":{"companyName":"Spear REIT Limited","ticker":"SEA","lastPrice":772,"bidPrice":775,"offerPrice":772,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"SEB":{"companyName":"Sebata Holdings Ltd","ticker":"SEB","lastPrice":161,"bidPrice":161,"offerPrice":161,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"2 March 1998 - Incorporated as a public company under the name Africa's Best 7 Ltd.\n20 March 1998 - Changed name to Legacy Ventures Ltd.\n25 August 1998 - Listed on the JSE.\n27 November 2000 - Changed name from Legacy Ventures Ltd to Financial Insourcing Specialists Ltd.\n14 December 2001 - Changed name from Financial Insourcing Specialists Ltd to Micromega Holdings Ltd."},"SEP":{"companyName":"Sephaku Holdings Ltd","ticker":"SEP","lastPrice":113,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The company was incorporated on the 3rd of February 2005 as Zeranza Limited, a shelf company. It then changed its name to Sephaku Holdings Ltd on the 11th of May 2005. The first directors were Lelau Mohuba, Rudolph de Bruin and David Twist. On the 1st of June 2005 after a further share issue, the company became Black-owned and has retained that status since. On 2 March 2005 the company acquired 50% of the shares of Sephaku Exploration (Pty) Ltd and the balance of the shares on 1 June 2005. The 10th of March 2005 saw the acquisition of 100% of Sephaku Management (Pty) Ltd. A number of subsidiaries were incorporated during February 2005. On 31 May 2005 the group acquired a 26% stake in Taung Gold Ltd. In 2006 the group acquired a 26% stake in African Nickel Holdings (Pty) Ltd."},"SFN":{"companyName":"Sasfin Holdings Ltd","ticker":"SFN","lastPrice":1645,"bidPrice":1750,"offerPrice":1645,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1951 - Sasfin was registered.\nNovember 1987 - The company listed on the JSE."},"SHC":{"companyName":"Shaftesbury Capital plc","ticker":"SHC","lastPrice":3187,"bidPrice":3277,"offerPrice":3187,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The company was demerged from the Real Estate Investment Trust Liberty International (now renamed Capital Shopping Centres Group) in May 2010, although it does not itself hold REIT status."},"SHG":{"companyName":"Sea Harvest Group Ltd","ticker":"SHG","lastPrice":775,"bidPrice":775,"offerPrice":773,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1964 - Pescanova, Southern Sea Fishing Company and Imperial Cold Storage\n(ICS) establish Sea Harvest Corporation in Saldanha Bay.\n\n1980 - Sea Harvest Holdings’ shareholders facilitate the acquisition of 4.4% of the business on behalf of employees through an Employee Share Trust.\n\n2000 - Brimstone acquires Kagiso’s stake in Sea Harvest Holdings, increasing its shareholding to 85%. Sea Harvest acquires controlling interest in Mareterram Limited (Mareterram), a diversified agribusiness listed\non the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX).\n\n2017 - Sea Harvest Holdings lists on the JSE as Sea Harvest Group Limited.\nIncreased focus on international markets and Cape hake is positioned as a premium species.\nBrimstone increases its ownership in Sea Harvest Corporation to 21%.\n\n2018 - Sea Harvest Group Limited leads a black empowerment consortium that acquires 100% of Viking Fishing and a majority share of Viking Aquaculture.\n\n2019 - On 2 January, the Group acquired 100% of Ladismith Cheese. In May,"},"SHP":{"companyName":"Shoprite Holdings Ltd","ticker":"SHP","lastPrice":26153,"bidPrice":26298,"offerPrice":25850,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"History\n1979 - Launched with the acquisition of eight Cape-based supermarkets for R1 million. \n1986 - Shoprite lists on the JSE with a market capitalisation of R29 million – it owns 33 outlets. 1990 - Gains control of Grand Bazaars with its 27 stores and expands its stores to 72. 1991 - Acquires 169 Checkers stores and grows to 241 outlets with a staff compliment of 22 600. 1997 - Acquires OK Bazaars consisting of 157 super and hyper-sized stores and 146 furniture stores. 2002 - Lists on the Namibian Stock Exchange. 2003 - Lists on the Lusaka Stock Exchange. 2005 - Acquires both Foodworld, with 13 stores, and Computicket. 2008 - Shoprite Holdings Ltd is added to the JSE Top-40 Index of blue-chip companies. 2009 - Acquires Transfarm, a pharmaceutical wholesale company.\nAt end December 2009 the Shoprite Group trades with 1137 corporate and 276 franchise outlets in 17 countries across Africa, islands in the Indian Ocean and India, bringing the total number of stores in the Group to 1413."},"SLG":{"companyName":"Salungano Group Limited","ticker":"SLG","lastPrice":50,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Chandler was incorporated on 26 August 1996 to purchase the Chandler business and assets from\nthe Chandler family, who had been in business for approximately 70 years.\n\nThe Wescoal and Chandler directors and management have 60 years' experience in the coal\nindustry with some exceptional skills in coal marketing, coal procurement and steam generation,\nwhich surpasses other suppliers in its market.\nOn 3 June 1998 Chandler acquired 100% of Blanford, a property holding company.\n\nWith effect from 1 October 2004 Wesmine commenced trading activities in its current form, being\na 34% associate company of Chandler after 66% of the shares were transferred to Hilkru for the\npurposes of acquiring the business of Hilkru, namely the coal washing plant.\n\nA shelf company, Abrina, was registered on 3 March 2005 with the purpose to:\n\n-facilitate the BEE shareholding of Fikza in Abrina;\n-be the holding public company;\n-acquire the entire issued share capital of Chandler.\n\nWith effect from 1 April 2005 Abrina acquired 100% of the shares in Chandler, a coal trading\ncompany, in a \"share-for-share deal\". The acquisition resulted in the original Chandler shareholders\nobtaining 69.8% of the shares in Abrina with the remainder of 30.2% being owned by Fikza, a 90%\nBEE company, prior to the private placement.\n\nThe Abrina name was changed to Wescoal on 14 June 2005.\nChandler has grown from a turnover of R16 million in its first year of operation in 1997, to turnover\nof R195 million per annum in eight years.\n\n06/04/2022 - Proposes to change the Company’s name from Wescoal to “Salungano Group Limited” (the “Change of Name”)."},"SLM":{"companyName":"Sanlam Limited","ticker":"SLM","lastPrice":7358,"bidPrice":7400,"offerPrice":7300,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1918 - Established as an economic empowerment vehicle for Afrikaners, specialising in the provision of life insurance.\n1922 - Started providing disability insurance.\n1960s - Expanded its activities outside its core business of life insurance and started building extensive shareholdings in a broad range of companies throughout the South African economy.\n1990s - Sanlam began unbundling its investments to unlock value in non-financial interests and to refocus Sanlam's interests on its core business of financial services.\nSeptember 1998 - Sanlam published a policyholders' circular and an information memorandum explaining its Demutualisation Proposal.\n30 November 1998 - Listed on the JSE & the Namibian Stock Exchange ."},"SNT":{"companyName":"Santam Limited","ticker":"SNT","lastPrice":30123,"bidPrice":30899,"offerPrice":29523,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1918, 1 May The Suid-Afrikaanse Nasionale Trust- en Assuransiemaatskappij Beperk (Santam) opens its doors for business at 10 Burg Street, Cape Town. \n1918, 8 June A second company is created to focus on life assurance. The Suid-Afrikaanse Lewensassuransiemaatskappij (Sanlam) (South African Life Assurance Company) is established as a full subsidiary of Santam. \n\n1953 Sanlam is granted its freedom. Sanlam's share capital is cancelled and by a special Act of Parliament is converted from a company to a mutual insurer. \n\n1957 Santam becomes the first short-term insurer to begin using a computer-based accounting system. \n\n1963 The well-known child art project is launched. \n\n1964, 23 March Santam's shares are traded on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange for the first time. \n\n1974 The first in Santam's series of Multiplex policies is launched. \n\n1990 A full subsidiary, Santam Namibia Limited, is established. It takes over all insurance activities in Namibia. \n\n1999, December The company leaps at the opportunity to purchase Guardian National Insurance for R1,58 billion. The merger - one of the most successful in South Africa yet - secures Santam a 25% share of the local short-term insurance industry. Whereas the pre-merger Santam focused mainly on providing personal insurance, commercial insurance now makes up 60% of Santam's portfolio. \n\n2003 Santam International is formed. The first steps in the international strategy are the full acquisition of British niche insurer Westminster Motor Insurance Association Ltd and obtaining a 47,5% share in the British personal lines underwriting manager Bluesure."},"SNV":{"companyName":"Santova Limited","ticker":"SNV","lastPrice":774,"bidPrice":779,"offerPrice":750,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Formerly Micrologix Ltd (listed on the JSE 1998), but without the history.\n\nDuring 1986 - Spectrum Shipping Limited began trading as an independant company.\n\nDuring 1999 - Spectrum entered into a strategic alliance agreement with Infomax International .\n\nOctober 1999 - Bought the business of Nunsofast SShipping (Pty) Ltd.\n\n28 March 2002 - Listed on the JSE.\n27/06/2006- listing transfered to AltX\nMarch 2007- Relocation of head office to Santova House, 88 MahatmaGandhi Road, Durban, 4001, South Africa and acquisition of the Mogal International Limited Group of companies in the United Kingdom. \n\nMarch 2009 - The acquisition of McGregor Sea and Air Services Pty Limited(formerly McGregor Customs Pty Limited), a customs clearing and forwarding business in Sydney, to facilitate the opening of trade between the Group’s offi ces in South Africa, the Far East, the United Kingdom, Europe and Australia.\n\nJanuary 2010 - The acquisition of Santova Logistics B.V. (formerly Maxxs B.V.),a customs clearing and forwarding business based in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.\n\nMarch 2010 - The acquisition of Aviocean (Pty) Limited, a customs clearing and forwarding business based in Johannesburg.In January 2011 the company changed its name to Santova Logistics South Africa (Pty) Limited.\n\nOctober 2010 - The establishment of an airfreight offi ce at Heathrow,the United Kingdom.\n\nApril 2011 - The establishment of an airfreight offi ce at Schiphol,the Netherlands. Leading Edge Insurance Brokers (Pty) Limited changed its name to Santova Financial Services (Pty) Limited and relocated to Santova House, 88 Mahatma Gandhi Road, Durban,the Group’s Head Office."},"SOH":{"companyName":"South Ocean Holdings Ltd","ticker":"SOH","lastPrice":144,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"South Ocean Holdings Limited (South Ocean)was established in 1989 in King Williams Town in the Eastern Cape by Edward Pan, the current Group Chief Executive Officer. Mr Pan has a strong relationship with Taiwan, hence the company’s association with Hong-Tai a cable manufacturing company listed on the Taiwanese Stock Exchange. SOEW operated from the Eastern Cape until 2001 when it relocated to Gauteng to be closer to its customers and suppliers. In 2001, the company acquired an industrial property in Alrode, Alberton in the south of Johannesburg from which its plant is built and has been operating from this facility. The manufacturing plant has seen a number of upgrades and improvements and produces at more than double the capacity, resulting in the growth from this modest start to the size it is now.\nRadiant was founded in 1990 by Hanan Schwartz. The company imports and distributes lighting fittings, lamps and electrical accessories to the housing, infrastructure, building and construction sectors. It has seen a consistent growth from the modest start to becoming a market leader in the lighting industry and boasts the largest range of inventory and stock availability in the industry. \nIn February, 2007, South Ocean listed in the Johannesburg stock exchange in the electrical equipment sector and in July 2007, South Ocean acquired the entire shareholding of Radiant."},"SOL":{"companyName":"Sasol Limited","ticker":"SOL","lastPrice":13300,"bidPrice":13498,"offerPrice":12937,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The history of Sasol began in 1927 when a White Paper was tabled in Parliament to investigate the establishment of a South African oil-from-coal industry.\n\nIt was realised then that, because South Africa did not have crude oil reserves, the country's balance of payments had to be protected against increasing crude oil imports. After many years of research and international negotiations, the South African Coal Oil and Gas Corporation was formed in 1950. \n\nFrom its first eight drums of creosote to the acquisition of the German CONDEA Group in 2001, Sasol is a company whose success has been founded on innovative thinking. Major milestones include our first automotive fuel (1955), the construction of the National Petroleum Refiners of South Africa (1967) and the establishment in 1990 of our first international marketing company, Sasol Chemicals Europe, which paved the way for our globalisation programme. \n\nThe company has developed world-leading technology for the conversion of low grade coal into value-added synfuels and chemicals. Today our operational footprint extends to more than 20 countries and we export to over 100. Sasol is one of the top five publicly listed companies in South Africa and is quoted on the JSE and the NYSE."},"SOLBE1":{"companyName":"BEE - Sasol Limited","ticker":"SOLBE1","lastPrice":11900,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"SPG":{"companyName":"Super Group Ltd","ticker":"SPG","lastPrice":2833,"bidPrice":2854,"offerPrice":2809,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"16/06/43 - The company was incorporated in the RSA.\n17/11/87 - The company listed on the JSE under the Industrial - Furniture, Household & Allied sector as Barnetts Group Ltd.\n01/07/94 - Barnetts disposed of the entire issued share capital of and all shareholders claims against its operating subsidiaries.\n25/10/94 - A Consortium led by GB Rubenstein and Nedbank Investment Bank acquired approximately 78,79% of Barnett's issued share capital.\n01/10/95 - Basil Green Auto was aquired.\n23/10/95 - The company's name was changed to Motolink Ltd. The businesses of Dornat were acquired. Motolink Ltd launched on the JSE during October.\n08/12/95 - The business of GCE and Elpar were acquired.\n22/01/96 - The company acquired Arnold Chatz.\n03/05/96 - The acquisition of Global Insurance was made.\n09/09/96 - Motolink's name was changed to Super Group Ltd, following a merger with the Super Group.\n10/96 - Acquisition of Regional Transporters (Pty) Ltd resulting in the control of the largest transport \ndistribution channel in sub-Saharan Africa. Substantial US Dollar income results.\n04/97 - Acquisition of BBR Security - SA's leading armed response and monitoring company.\n05/97 - Supergroup becomes the largest tipper transport operator in the country, consolidating a fragmented industry through acquiring 4 of the leading tipper businesses.\n09/97 - Acquisition of 33% interest in Unibank Ltd offering asset based finance, micro lending, mortgage bonds, office equipment and other banking activities.\n12/97 - Successful rights offer of R500m to reduce gearing and fund acquisitions.\n\n10/03/2003 - from internet:\n\n03/1998 - EPS growth 33% Market capitalisation R3.9 billion\n05/1998 - Market capitalisation R5 billion\n10/1998 - For R210 million Super Group acquires the various businesses of listed Chariot Holdings which includes parts wholesaler Femo electrical wholesaler Marjon and car dealership Rand Stadium Toyota\n04/1999 - Super Group buys Interorg the second largest competitor in Africa to Bluefin and consolidates its leading position in the sub-Saharan cross border logistics transport and freigth industry.\n06/1999 - Super Group handles logistics for the June 2 National Election. Within 72 houers of being awarded the tender of April 26, Super Group had developed a software package to manage the stock in 10 warehouses and to provide the necessary track and trace information required by the Independence Electoral Commission (IEC). 850 people were employed and, over a period of five weeks, 6000 loads were delivered to 15 000 voting stations.\n11/1999 - Super Group acquires a 30% stake in CIC Holdings, Africa's largest logistics warehousing company listed in Namibia. In South Africa, CIC owns TFD Network Africa a specialist fast moving consumer goods warehousing and distribution serive company.\n06/2000 - Super Group through subsidiary company The Logistics Bureau, revolutionises logistics in Africa through the launch of the first Internet-Linked Portal called Collaborative Exchange\n03/2001 - Super Fleet secures R2.4 billion full maintenance lease contract. Super Group sells BBR for R556 million\nSuper Fleet awarded R 2.4 billion contract to manage the entire fleet of Johannesburg Metropolitan Council\n06/2002 - Super Group launches a world-first mega-dealership, Extreme Sixteen, retailing the largest range of lifestyle vehicles in the Southern Hemisphere.\n2003 Super Group acquired businesses (Micor, Tal, Sherwood and Automotive businesses) from DNA Investments Limited which operated in market niches that complemented Super Group’s existing supply chain offering. Through this acquisition, Super Group acquired import and export clearing skills, international air and ocean freight forwarding skills, in-bound procurement skills servicing clients in 14 African countries, skills managing motor manufacturers outbound parts and accessories distribution and additional supply chain technologies and skills. \n2004 Super Group acquired Commonwealth Fleet Leasing, renamed sgfleet Australia, from Commonwealth Bank of Australia. sgfleet is the largest fleet management and leasing company in Australia not owned by a bank or motor manufacturer. \n2004 Super Group acquired the distribution business and brand rights of Mica, South Africa’s leading brand in the “do-it-yourself” and home improvement markets. Super Group leverages its existing physical, intellectual and technology skills to create supply chain efficiencies within the Mica Group. \n2004 Peu Group acquire 25.1% of Super Group, making it the most empowered company in all the industries in which we operate. \n2005 Acquisition of SMB Fleet Management, the leading novated lease player in Australia. This acquisition complements sgfleet Australia’s comprehensive service offering. \n2006/2007 Formation of Super Group Industrial Products (SGIP), a commercial vehicle and equipment importation strategy. \n2007 sgfleet Australia expansion into UK & NZ. \n2007/2008 Super Group recognises 21 years in business. \n2008 Awarded level 4 BBBEE status."},"SPP":{"companyName":"The Spar Group Ltd","ticker":"SPP","lastPrice":10823,"bidPrice":10831,"offerPrice":10501,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"In the 1960’s with the emergence of grocery chains in South Africa, a group made up of 8 wholesalers were given exclusive rights to the SPAR name and brand in 1963, and serviced 500 small retailers.\n \nOver time and through many mergers and takeovers, today the SPAR Group Ltd operates 6 distribution centres and 1 Build it distribution centre, supplying goods and services to over 1 000 SPAR stores across Southern Africa."},"SRE":{"companyName":"Sirius Real Estate Ltd","ticker":"SRE","lastPrice":2261,"bidPrice":2279,"offerPrice":2246,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"SSK":{"companyName":"Stefanutti Stck Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"SSK","lastPrice":113,"bidPrice":114,"offerPrice":104,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"On 23 July 2008 Stefanutti & Bressan successfully merged with international construction group Stocks Limited to form Stefanutti Stocks. \n\nWe are an established Group in the industries within which we operate and have leveraged our combined heritage of over 70 years experience to become one of Southern Africa’s premier engineering and construction groups."},"SSS":{"companyName":"Stor-Age Prop REIT Ltd","ticker":"SSS","lastPrice":1342,"bidPrice":1350,"offerPrice":1325,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Stor-Age Property REIT Limited (Stor-Age) is the leading and largest self storage property fund and brand in South Africa. We have successfully developed, acquired and managed self storage properties across South Africa for more than a decade. In November 2017, we entered the United Kingdom (UK) with the strategic acquisition of Storage King – the sixth largest self storage brand in the UK.\n\nStor-Age is a local market pioneer that introduced\nhigh-profile Big Box self storage properties in\nhigh-visibility and easily accessible prime suburban locations in South Africa.\n\nOur 63-property portfolio covers more than 405 000 m2 of gross lettable area (GLA), which is strategically concentrated in South Africa’s largest cities and in key markets in the UK. We service more than 29 500 tenants1.\n\nStor-Age listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange\n(JSE) on 16 November 2015."},"SSU":{"companyName":"Southern Sun LTD","ticker":"SSU","lastPrice":553,"bidPrice":560,"offerPrice":530,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1969-1983\nSouth African Breweries Limited (SAB Limited) and hotelier, Sol Kerzner, partnered to create Southern Sun Hotels (Southern Sun), the largest hotel group in the southern hemisphere at the time. Southern Sun commenced operations with six hotels, including the iconic Beverly Hills Hotel in uMhlanga Rocks, Durban, and was subsequently involved in the development of many of the most\nprestigious hotels of the era, including the Cape Sun, Sandton Sun and Sun City. Southern Sun expanded through the acquisition and development of hotels in South Africa and neighbouring countries, throughout the 1970s and early 1980s.\nThe casino interests of Southern Sun, including the newly built Sun City operations, were separated from its hotel business into what\nlater became Sun International. Southern Sun retained the South African hotel operations during a difficult time for the hotel industry in South Africa as international sanctions against the apartheid government resulted in a severe contraction in demand.\n\n1993-1994\nSouthern Sun expanded to 26 hotels. It then\nacquired the Holiday Inn South Africa hotel\ngroup, thereby establishing a countrywide\ndistribution of 49 hotels, in both the upmarket\nand mid-market segments.\n\nSouthern Sun was delisted from the JSE and\nbecame a wholly owned subsidiary of SAB Limited. Southern Sun entered into a joint venture with Accor SA, the French hotel group, to develop the Formula1 and Formula Inn range of hotels in South Africa and the first of 21 hotels opened the next year\n\n1994 to 1999\nSouthern Sun acquired a 50% interest in a\nconsortium with Liberty called The Cullinan, which\nowned three hotels.\n\nSouthern Sun formed a joint venture with a\nconsortium of B-BBEE investors to form Tsogo\nSun, to pursue casino licence opportunities\nafforded through the enactment of the National\nGambling Act which regulated gambling activities\nand promoted uniform standards in relation to\ngambling in South Africa. Early success saw the\nTsogo Sun Group awarded casino licences in\nMpumalanga (Emnotweni Casino in Mbombela and The Ridge Casino in Emalahleni) and most importantly the Montecasino licence in Fourways, Johannesburg. These were followed by the successful applications for Suncoast Casino in Durban and Hemingways Casino in East London. The Tsogo Sun Group expanded its hotel operations into the rest of Africa.\n\n2003-2011\nThe Tsogo Sun Group entered into a landmark empowerment deal, through which the hotel and casino businesses were housed under one entity owned 51% by an empowerment consortium and 49% by SABMiller plc. Through a series of transactions and acquisitions, HCI acquired the various empowerment shareholders’ interests in Tsogo Sun\nand remains a key shareholder of Southern Sun.\n\nTsogo Sun acquired Century Casinos’ operations in Caledon and Newcastle and in 2011 it acquired the Gold Reef Resorts portfolio, which consisted of\nseven casinos in South Africa, via a reverse listing.\n\n2012 to 2018\nThis period saw the acquisition of a controlling stake in Hospitality Property Fund Limited\n(Hospitality), through the injection of 10 hotel properties into Hospitality in an asset-forshare transaction. This stake was increased in 2017 through the addition of 29 hotel properties to Hospitality for a combination of shares and cash.\nTsogo Sun acquired 26% of International Hotel Properties Limited (IHPL), a hotel-owning\ncompany in the United Kingdom.\n\nTsogo Sun acquired the remaining 53% of the joint venture owning and operating Formula1 hotels in South Africa from Accor SA and rebranded these properties as SUN1 hotels. This period also saw the group acquire an additional 10% interest in The Cullinan with that entity acquiring five hotels from Liberty that were previously managed by the Tsogo Sun Group, bringing the number of hotel properties in Cullinan to eight. In addition, Tsogo Sun acquired Southern Sun Hyde Park and The Grace in Rosebank (rebranded to\n54 on Bath) hotels from Hyprop.\n\nOffshore, Tsogo Sun acquired 75.5% of Ikoyi Hotels Limited which owns Southern Sun Ikoyi Hotel in Lagos, Nigeria, as well as a 25% interest in RBH Hotel Group Limited (RBH), a leading hotel management company in the United Kingdom.\n\nIn July 2014, SABMiller plc exited from its long-term 39.6% shareholding in Tsogo Sun through a fully marketed secondary placement.\n\n2019\nIn 2019, the group celebrated its 50th\nanniversary and on 12 June 2019, the hotel business was unbundled by Tsogo Sun, culminating in the separate listing of Tsogo Sun Hotels on the main board of the JSE.\n\n2020 to 2021\nCovid-19, a black swan event never before\nexperienced in the long history of the group,\nresulted in the deactivation of the vast majority\nof the group’s hotels in order to protect the\nhealth of our guests and employees.\n\nThe group successfully concluded the acquisition of 100% of Hospitality’s ordinary shares in exchange for the issue of 1.77 TGO shares for every 1 HPB share and Hospitality subsequently delisted from the JSE as an equity issuer and ceased to trade as a Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT). In addition, the group disposed of its 50% interest in the Maia Luxury Resort & Spa for aggregate proceeds of R467 million.\n\n2021 to 2022\nThe group continues to successfully weather multiple waves of Covid-19 with the support of\nits lenders, employees, trading partners, suppliers, tenants and landlords, and loyal guests.\n\nThe group concludes agreements with the Tsogo Sun Gaming group to terminate the various management and licensing agreements between them and to acquire the Southern Sun Emnotweni and the StayEasy Emnotweni from the Tsogo Sun Gaming group.\n\nThe group concludes an agreement to dispose of its interest in Southern Sun Ikoyi in Nigeria.\nThe group successfully rebrands to Southern Sun."},"SSW":{"companyName":"Sibanye Stillwater Ltd","ticker":"SSW","lastPrice":2574,"bidPrice":2586,"offerPrice":2395,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Since our founding, Sibanye-Stillwater has grown from being a South African gold mining company to an internationally competitive, globally diversified precious metals miner, producing gold and the full suite of PGMs.\n\nWe were formed in February 2013 as Sibanye Gold Limited following the unbundling by Gold Fields Limited of a South African subsidiary company which owned Kloof, Driefontein and Beatrix gold mines. Upon completion of that transaction, our common shares and American depository receipts were listed on the JSE and the New York Stock Exchange, respectively.\n\nWe subsequently pursued a strategy of organic and acquisitive growth, including acquiring the Cooke operations from Gold One International in 2013 and the Burnstone project from Wits Gold in 2014, in order to create a more sustainable gold business.\n\nIn 2016, we completed the acquisition of Aquarius Platinum Limited’s stakes in the Kroondal mine and the Platinum Mile retreatment facility, both in the Rustenburg area, South Africa and the Mimosa Joint Venture with Impala Platinum in Zimbabwe. Later in the same year, we acquired Anglo American Platinum Limited’s Rustenburg operations.\n\nIn late 2016, we made a formal US$2.2 billion offer to acquire the Stillwater Mining Company in the United States. The Stillwater transaction, which constituted the largest PGM transaction globally in over a decade, was completed in May 2017, following which we began trading as Sibanye-Stillwater.\n\nIn 2018, we concluded a US$500 million stream financing with Wheaton International, significantly strengthening our balance sheet and reducing net leverage. We also closed an agreement with DRDGOLD to establish an industry-leading surface mining tailings retreatment partnership.\n\nIn early 2019, we acquired of SFA Oxford, a leading metal market analytical consulting company and globally recognised authority on PGMs, to provide in-depth market intelligence on battery materials and precious metals for industrial, automotive and smart city technologies.\n\nIn June 2019, we acquired the entire share capital of Lonmin Plc. Lonmin’s assets include the Marikana PGM mining operations and associated retreatment, smelter, base metal refinery and precious metal refinery assets in South Africa. Completion of this acquisition in 2019 represented the culmination of our “mine to market” South African PGM strategy."},"SUI":{"companyName":"Sun International Ltd","ticker":"SUI","lastPrice":3592,"bidPrice":3628,"offerPrice":3473,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"11 July 1967 - Incorporated.\n05/07/2004 - changed the name to Sun International Ltd"},"SUR":{"companyName":"Spur Corporation Ltd","ticker":"SUR","lastPrice":3049,"bidPrice":3049,"offerPrice":3000,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Spur Steak Ranches has played an integral part in South African family life for over 40 years. Spur founder and executive chairman, Allen Ambor, first established the company’s reputation for tasty, nutritious, value for money meals when he invested R4 000 to open the Golden Spur in Newlands, Cape Town in 1967. A Spur burger cost 40 cents in those days! From these early beginnings, Spur has grown into an internationally recognised brand comprising over 226 local and 28 international restaurants, including the United Kingdom, Australia and Mauritius. \nIn 1989, Spur’s second brand, Panarottis, was launched to capitalise on the growing popularity of pizza and pasta. To date, Panarottis has over 54 South African and 9 international outlets, including restaurants in Africa and Australia.\n\nIn November 2004, the Spur Group purchased a 60% shareholding in John Dory’s Fish and Grill, a KwaZulu-Natal based franchise comprising seven outlets. The founder, who still holds 40%, has joined Spur in order to ensure that the Mediterranean culture, rhythm, flair and charisma of the John Dory’s brand is maintained.\n\nSo what is our winning recipe? Spur provides its customers with a warm, relaxed dining experience in a comfortable, friendly environment. Our loyal patrons know they can always expect generous portions of great tasting food as well as quality and value for money every time they visit. And, as a distinctly family-orientated brand, we offer an environment where the whole “tribe” can come along to relax and enjoy themselves. This is the way it has always been at Spur and the reason why we have found a special place in the hearts of millions of South Africans over several generations! Today Spur confidently calls itself “the official restaurant of the South African family” and is a member of the “Proudly South African” initiative."},"SXM":{"companyName":"SableExploration&Mining","ticker":"SXM","lastPrice":100,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Formerly known as Sable Metals and Minerals Limited, Middle East Diamond Resources Limited engages in the exploration, evaluation, and development of mineral projects primarily in the Bushveld complex, South Africa.\n\n\nNew Corpcapital Limited was previously an unlisted wholly owned subsidiary of Corpcapital Limited. Since Corpcapital Limited`s liquidation, New Corpcapital Limited has owned and controlled its assets and assumed its liabilities. New Corpcapital Limited continued the strategy, initiated by Corpcapital Limited, of realizing its assets and returning capital to shareholders.\n\n2021 Nov - Middle East Diamond Resources Ltd Name changed to Sable Exploration and Mining Ltd"},"SYG":{"companyName":"Sygnia Limited","ticker":"SYG","lastPrice":2100,"bidPrice":2178,"offerPrice":2100,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"SZK":{"companyName":"SAB Zenzele Kabili","ticker":"SZK","lastPrice":4200,"bidPrice":4200,"offerPrice":4200,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"TBS":{"companyName":"Tiger Brands Ltd","ticker":"TBS","lastPrice":20550,"bidPrice":20674,"offerPrice":20233,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Tiger Brands was incorporated in South Africa on 21 September 1944 under the name of 'Tiger Oats and National Milling Company Ltd'.\n1944- listed on the JSE\n1984- name was changed to Tiger Oats Ltd\n28 February 2000 - Changed name from Tiger Oats Ltd to Tiger Brands Ltd."},"TCP":{"companyName":"Transaction Capital Ltd","ticker":"TCP","lastPrice":268,"bidPrice":273,"offerPrice":264,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Jonathan Jawno and Michael Mendelowitz's beginnings In 1995, Jonathan Jawno and Michael Mendelowitz co-founded the financial services firm Stratvest, 50% of which was later acquired by ABIL (then Theta Financial Services Limited), to create the private equity investment firm Nisela Growth Investments. From 1997 to 2002, Messrs. Jawno and Mendelowitz were joint chief executive officers of Nisela Growth Investments. Nisela Growth Investments was acquired prior to 2002, when it integrated into ABIL. \n\nRoberto Rossi's beginnings In 1999, Roberto Rossi having founded Miners Credit Guarantee in 1991 to provide credit card type facilities to mine workers, disposed of 50% to Nisela Growth Investments. Mr Rossi then assumed executive roles at Miners Credit Guarantee and Nisela Growth Investments and was subsequently responsible for the establishment, acquisition and operation of a number of businesses owned by ABIL. Miners Credit Guarantee was entirely acquired by and integrated into ABIL in 2003. \nAcquiring assets In 2003, Messrs Jawno, Mendelowitz and Rossi left ABIL and went on to acquire a number of businesses, including: a controlling stake in the receivables management business of MBD in 2003; ABIL’s Commercial Vehicle Finance Division (now SA Taxi) in 2006; credit consulting business PIC Solutions in 2005; and Credit Management Solutions Group in 2007. \n\nTransaction Capital is formed\nIn 2007, Messrs. Jawno, Mendelowitz and Rossi merged their businesses with Paycorp (then called Kanderlane) which had been co-founded by Steven Kark and included inter alia ATM Solutions, EFTPOS (a provider of debit and credit card processing services) and, DrawCard (a prepaid card solutions provider), to form Transaction Capital. After the merger, Messrs Jawno, Mendelowitz, Rossi and Kark (along with the Ethos) owned approximately 90% of the shares of Transaction Capital, with the remaining shares held by members of current and previous management. \nMark Lamberti joins\nIn July 2008, Mark Lamberti, the founder, non-executive chairman and former chief executive officer of Massmart Limited, Africa’s third largest retailer of consumer goods, invested in and joined Transaction Capital as Group Executive Chairman. \n\nIn February 2009, in keeping with good governance practice, the functions of chairman and chief executive officer were separated with Mr Christopher Seabrooke assuming the role of independent non-executive Chairperson of Transaction Capital and Mr Lamberti becoming Group Chief Executive Officer. \n\nBayport acquired\nIn February 2010, Transaction Capital expanded its lending businesses by acquiring 82.65% of the ordinary shares of BFS2010 (i.e. the company owning the business of Bayport South Africa) with an option to buy out at fair value the remaining non-controlling shareholders, who include Bayport’s current management and previous owners. Following the acquisition, Bayport founders Stuart Stone, Martin Freeman and Grant Kurland remained shareholders and Mr Stone has been the executive accountable to Transaction Capital in all respects for Bayport since the acquisition. Mr Stone is currently Chief Executive Officer, Mr Freeman, the Chief Operating Officer and Mr Kurland is a Non-Executive Director. \n\nTransaction Capital lists on the JSE\nIn June 2012, Transaction Capital listed on the stock exchange operated by the JSE. This listing comprised in part the issue of 50 million new shares and the sale of 25 million secondary shares and 11.25 overallotment shares. The IPO followed a round of pre-IPO funding from both Ethos and Futuregrowth."},"TEX":{"companyName":"Texton Property Fund Ltd","ticker":"TEX","lastPrice":332,"bidPrice":332,"offerPrice":320,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"2011- 2012\nOn 11 August 2011, Texton was listed in the Financial Services – Real Estate sector of the JSE (JSE code: VPF), with a property portfolio comprising 21 properties in South Africa with a total GLA of 99 684m² valued at R943 million. Texton’s market capitalisation was approximately R995 million on 30 June 2012 with 120 618 080 shares in issue. The property portfolio was valued at R1,4 billion\non 30 June 2012.\n\n2013-2014\nSUCCESSFUL CONVERSION TO A REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST (REIT)\nOn 1 July 2013, Texton converted from a Property Loan Stock company to a Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) and converted its share capital structure to an all-equity capital structure, aligned with international REIT capital structures.\n\nOn 16 January 2014, Texton`s shareholders approved the delinking of Texton`s debentures from its ordinary shares and the conversion of the ordinary shares of R0,0025 each to shares of no par value.\n\nRIGHTS OFFER\nOn 26 August 2013, following the successful rights offer, 48 503 939 new linked units were issued with a face value of R0,0025 each. The proceeds were used to acquire Greenstone Hill Office Park and settle floating debt.\n\nCESSION AND ASSIGNMENT OF THE ASSET MANAGEMENT AGREEMENT\nOn 1 March 2014, the asset management agreement was successfully ceded and assigned to Texton\nProperty Investments Proprietary Limited. The management agreement was purchased by a consortium comprising executive management, Angelique du Hecquet de Rauville, Chick Legh, Thys van Heerden, Gerard de Rauville and Investec.\n\nCHANGE OF NAME\nOn 7 August 2014, Texton successfully changed its name from Vunani Property Investment Fund Limited to Texton Property Fund Limited."},"TEXN":{"companyName":"Texton Property Fund Ltd NPL","ticker":"TEXN","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"TFG":{"companyName":"The Foschini Group Limited","ticker":"TFG","lastPrice":10661,"bidPrice":10682,"offerPrice":10514,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The Foschini group has been built on the philosophy that success is achieved through teamwork inspired by a vision of the future, and it is this entrepreneurial spirit that pioneered the vision and birth of Foschini eighty-five years ago. Throughout its history, the company has been managed and directed forward by leaders with this same strong entrepreneurial drive building the group into what it is today - a leading organisation trading with innovative differentiation in the retail industry.\n\n1924 \nGeorge Rosenthal, a Russian immigrant, whose entrepreneurial spirit led him to export clothing out of the US, arrives in South Africa with a vision of opening up a shop called Foschini (an old Italian family name that he liked!) retailing women's clothes imported from the United States. \n1925 \nThe first store is opened in Johannesburg, offering women well-made, up-to-date and inexpensive garments. In just over a year he boasted nine branches throughout the country and within three years Foschini was a household name in international fashion trends. \n1937 \nFoschini Limited is the first of South Africa's fashion chains to become a public company. \n1940s \nFoschini's first head office is built in Somerset Road, Cape Town. \n1958 \nStanley Lewis buys a major shareholding in Foschini Limited, bringing in a new drive and business focus. \n1967 \nThe American Swiss Watch Company joins the Foschini group. \n1968\nMarkhams joins the group.\nBoth companies were born out of the same entrepreneurial spirit of the 1900s. \n1969 \nPages Stores is established, catering to the lower socio-economic group. \n1969 \nFoschini Limited becomes the Foschini group \n1974 \nThe head office moves to Parow, and executive action is implemented to grow the Foschini group into the vast retail chain that it is today. \n1987 \nThe Foschini group commemorates 50 years as a public company. \n1993 \nSterns, the jewellery chain that markets to the middle to upper end of the market is acquired. \n1996 \nThe sportscene brand, Foschini's venture into the macro sports lifestyle market, is launched offering freesport brands and urban style type sportswear to the young market. \n1997 \ndonna-claire, offering contemporary fashion apparel to the \"fuller\" size, is launched. \n1999 \nexact!, a rebranding of the original Pages stores is launched, offering quality and affordability in an aspirational environment. \n1999 \nRCS Group responsible for offering personal finance to customers and card facilities to customers of merchants outside the group, is launched. \n1999 \nTFG Manufacturing Company, is rebranded to TFG Apparel Supply Company - responsible for in-house merchandise procurement. \n2000 \nTotalsports is acquired to be the second brand within the sports market, offering apparel and footwear in key sporting areas to the everyday athlete. \n2000 \nMatrix, a third brand in the jewellery division is launched, offering branded accessories to the younger customer. \n2001 \nfashionexpress, the value chain, is created out of ailing Foschini stores that could not sustain the \"new\" Foschini positioning. \n2001 \n@home, the homeware store concept is launched, marking the group's entrance into the burgeoning homewares market, appealing to the discerning homewares customer. \n2004 \nDueSouth, a new outdoors concept, is launched as the Group enters into the outdoor apparel and equipment market. \n2004 \nThe Markhams brand is repositioned and rebranded as Markham – an exciting, relevant and aspirational brand. \n2005 \nLuella, the Foschini division’s fourth major brand, is launched offering a range of ladies' footwear, handbags and accessories aimed at the middle to upper middle market. \n2005 \n@home launches @homelivingspace - an exciting new format of furniture lifestyle stores, offering a full range of contemporary furniture in two new lifestyle shopping centres in Cape Town and Johannesburg. \n2007 Foschini Retail Credit rebranded as FG Financial Services. \n2010\nFoschini Limited changed to TFG Limited\n2014\nLuella incorporated within Foschini stores\n2019\nRelay Jeans launched as stand-alone brand (previously included in Markham)\n2022\nLaunch of Jet Home"},"TFGP":{"companyName":"Foschini Ltd 6,5%Pref","ticker":"TFGP","lastPrice":101,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"TGA":{"companyName":"Thungela Resources Ltd","ticker":"TGA","lastPrice":13244,"bidPrice":13400,"offerPrice":12957,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"THA":{"companyName":"Tharisa plc","ticker":"THA","lastPrice":1745,"bidPrice":1745,"offerPrice":1680,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The Group owns the Tharisa Mine through Tharisa Minerals, a subsidiary of the Company. The majority of the prospecting rights relating to the Tharisa Mine were originally granted to Thari Resources in February 2006 and March 2007 and subsequently transferred to Tharisa Minerals (at that time a wholly-owned subsidiary of Thari Resources)."},"TKG":{"companyName":"Telkom SA SOC Ltd","ticker":"TKG","lastPrice":2484,"bidPrice":2526,"offerPrice":2443,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Company Profile\nTelkom has always been the leading communications operator in South Africa and has further solidified its market position in recent years by rapidly modernizing and expanding its national network. \n\nThese network modernization and expansion programs have been supported by internal drives aimed at entrenching world class customer service and performance levels within the Company. \n\nA host of new products, services and solutions continue to be made available to business and residential customers alike, supported by increasingly cutting-edge technology. \n\nThe sale of a 30 percent stake in Telkom by the South African Government to US-based SBC Communications Inc and Telekom Malaysia Berhad in May 1997 brought a new infusion of skills, expertise and funding to the Company. \n\nTelkom will continue to maximize the strengths of these equity partners in meeting the stringent targets outlined in the license it was awarded by the Ministry of Posts, Telecommunications and Broadcasting in 1997. \n\nThe license grants the Company the exclusive right to provide public switched telecommunications services (PSTS) for a period of no less than five years. \n\nIn return, Telkom is committed to modernizing over a million non-digital lines, adding 2.8 million new lines to its network and delivering on demanding service quality targets part from being the only fixed line operator currently allowed to do business in South Africa."},"TLM":{"companyName":"Telemaster Holdings Ltd","ticker":"TLM","lastPrice":129,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"TeleMasters was established in 1996 and its Directors are Stephen van der Merwe, Non-Executive Chairman, Mario Pretorius who serves as CEO, Natie Bekker as CTO and Nolene Owen as CFO. Brandon Topham, Jaco Voigt and Vernon Beck serve as Independent Non-executive Directors. The Directors have accumulated over 60 years of telecommunication management experience. \nTeleMasters is the premier developer of Business Communication Strategies for electronic communications in SA. Such strategies cover Internal communications, Business Support communications and Business Generation communications. A typical strategy encompasses 33 technologies. \n\nTeleMasters has developed from serving the GSM Least-cost Routing market to improving the efficiency of a client's communication and data services via auditing and network selection solutions. This progression comes from its innovative and market leading actions. \n\nIts Dealer channel, 319 strong, is served through 9 Sales and Business Development Managers in Gauteng, the Western Cape and Kwazulu-Natal. Contracts with clients are concluded directly with TeleMasters, who takes full responsibility for each client site.\n\nTeleMasters listed on the JSE Alt-x bourse on 12 March 2007 under the code TLM, Telemastr\n\nTeleMasters is housed in its own office building, Masters House, in Equity Estate, Charles de Gaulle Crescent, Centurion. Please feel free to visit us and we look forward to hearing from you."},"TMT":{"companyName":"Trematon Capital Inv Ltd","ticker":"TMT","lastPrice":170,"bidPrice":170,"offerPrice":170,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"July 1997 - Trematon was founded by Mark Farrer, Richard McElligott and Mike Meehan.\n5 June 1997 - The company was registered under the name Propalux 156 (Pty) Ltd.\n13 August 1997 - Name changed to Birmingham Investments Ltd and converted into a public company.\n27 October 1997 - Name was changed to Trematon Capital Investments Ltd.\n20 November 1997 - Listed on the JSE."},"TON":{"companyName":"Tongaat Hulett Ltd","ticker":"TON","lastPrice":404,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Tongaat Hulett is an agri-processing business which includes the integrated components of land management, property development and agriculture. Through its sugar and starch operations in Southern Africa, Tongaat Hulett produces a range of refined carbohydrate products from sugar cane and maize. It has considerable expertise in downstream agricultural products, bio-fuel production and electricity co-generation. Competition for alternative land usages is increasing rapidly. Tongaat Hulett balances the operational requirement for cane supplies to its sugar operations with the transition to property development. It is well positioned to benefit from the changing world of agriculture/agri-processing and the increasing demand for land.\nIt has demonstrated the ability to transform itself and capitalise on opportunities in changing business environments. The Tongaat-Hulett Group (THG) was formed in 1982 when the Tongaat Group Limited merged with Huletts Corporation Limited. \nThe Tongaat Group Limited evolved from a partnership between Edward Saunders and W J Mirrlees, which dates back to 1875. On 7 September 1892 the partnership was incorporated into the Tongaat Sugar Company Limited in Pretoria, South Africa. In the years 1969 to 1970, the company, which had diversified into other businesses, was renamed the Tongaat Group Limited.\nThe Huletts Corporation Limited had its beginnings in the 1850s, with the original incorporation in 1892 as Sir J L Hulett and Sons, which changed its name to Huletts Sugar Corporation Limited and then to Huletts Corporation Limited. In 1962, Anglo American plc bought its first shares in the Tongaat Group Limited. Anglo American plc has retained its investment in THG and has held an interest of more than 50% in THG since 1998.\nThe company, like many South African entities, was a diversified industrial business with interests in aluminium, building materials, consumer foods, cotton, edible oils, industrial and commercial catering, mushrooms, sugar and agricultural land development, starch and glucose, textiles and transport. Since the early 1990s the Group has systematically divested from a number of these businesses and refocused its operations, leveraging the synergies that exist between its agri-processing operations and prime agricultural land holdings.\n\nCapitalising on the investments in its operations and a solid platform of earnings growth, a strategic review of the Tongaat Hulett’s Group’s operations culminated in the announcement in 2006 of the proposed listing of Hulamin on the JSE and the Hulamin unbundling to create two separately listed, focused companies in 2007, namely:\n• Tongaat Hulett (TH), an agri-processing business which includes integrated components of land management, property development and agriculture; and \n• Hulamin, an independent niche producer of aluminium rolled, extruded and other semi-fabricated and finished products. \nThis was achieved by the listing of Hulamin on the JSE, followed immediately by the unbundling of the 50% shareholding in Hulamin by THG to its shareholders. It was accompanied by the simultaneous introduction of broad-based BEE equity participation in both TH and Hulamin. \nOn the implementation of the above transactions, Tongaat Hulett Group’s name changed and is now known as, Tongaat Hulett Limited.\nTongaat Hulett has a primary listing on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE), which dates back to 1952, and a secondary listing on the London Stock Exchange (LSE), which dates back to 1939. It employs over 35 000 people, working in about 25 locations in 6 countries, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Swaziland, Mozambique and Zimbabwe."},"TPC":{"companyName":"Transpaco Ltd","ticker":"TPC","lastPrice":3196,"bidPrice":3196,"offerPrice":3000,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1987 Transpaco listed on JSE\nAcquired Framen Paper (later Transpaco Cores, subsequently Transpaco Cores and Tubes)\n1997 Acquired Transpaco Sheet Extrusion\n1998 Acquired Silverpack group\n1999 Established Transpaco Flexibles Mpumalanga\n2004 Acquired Recycling Plastics (merged into Transpaco Recycling)\n2005 BEE transaction. Acquired Britepak\n2006 Acquired Polyfoil (now part of Transpaco Flexibles Mpumalanga)\nEstablished Transpaco Specialised Films\n2010 Acquired Disaki Cores and Tubes, which subsequently became Transpaco Cores and Tubes\n2015 Acquired East Rand Plastics\n2017 Acquired Propateez 62, the property from which the Recycling operations run\n2018 Acquired Future Packaging\n2020 Recycling operations discontinued\n2021 Acquired property from which Transpaco and Future Packaging operates"},"TRE":{"companyName":"Trencor Ltd","ticker":"TRE","lastPrice":718,"bidPrice":718,"offerPrice":715,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"TRENCOR LIMITED is a holding company listed on the JSE. The group's core business focus is owning, leasing, managing and reselling marine cargo containers worldwide, and finance related activities."},"TRL":{"companyName":"Trellidor Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"TRL","lastPrice":150,"bidPrice":155,"offerPrice":150,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"TRU":{"companyName":"Truworths Int Ltd","ticker":"TRU","lastPrice":8100,"bidPrice":8156,"offerPrice":8001,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1917 - First store operating under the name of the Alliance Trading Company opened in Cape Town.\n1935 - Changed its name to Truworths Fashion House.\n23 June 1944 - Incorporated as Dolray (Pty) Ltd.\n1946 - Listed.\n1981 - The business was merged with that of Woolworths and Wooltru was created as the listed holding company. Truworths was delisted.\n25 August 1988 - Name changed to Speciality Retail Group (Pty) Ltd.\n8 June 1989 - Company was converted to a public company.\n14 June 1994 - Name changed to Select Retail Group.\n19 June 1997 - Name changed to Truworths International Ltd.\n11 May 1998 - Listed on the JSE."},"TSG":{"companyName":"Tsogo Sun Limited","ticker":"TSG","lastPrice":1179,"bidPrice":1190,"offerPrice":1150,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"25 October 1999 - Changed name from Medex Ltd to Gold Reef Casino Resorts Ltd.\n\n23 May 2019, the company changed its name\nfrom Tsogo Sun Holdings Limited to Tsogo Sun Gaming Limited.\n\nWednesday, 21 June 2023\nTermination date for trading under the name “Tsogo Sun Gaming Limited” and commencement of trading under the name “Tsogo Sun Limited”"},"TTO":{"companyName":"Trustco Group Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"TTO","lastPrice":30,"bidPrice":30,"offerPrice":30,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Trustco Group Holdings Ltd (“Trustco”) is a Namibian based company with its core focus on Micro Insurance, Micro Finance, Education and Financial Services which delivers products with a strong social justice undertone. Trustco operates mainly from Namibia and South Africa and is in the process of expanding its business operations into the African realm.\n\nTrustco was the first African company to list on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) Africa Board, on 19 February 2009. \n\nTrustco Group Holdings was ranked 34th in African Business Research Limited’s TOP 200 Companies list for 2007, which excludes South Africa.\nDuring 2007 Trustco was the top Namibian traded stock on the Namibian Stock Exchange (NSX) in terms of value of shares traded. \n\nGrowth in headline earnings averaged 35% since 2004. Staff complement increased from 150 employees in 2004 to more than 700 employees in March 2009."},"UPL":{"companyName":"Universal Partners Ltd","ticker":"UPL","lastPrice":2200,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Universal Partners was established in Mauritius on 25 April 2016 as a public company limited by shares, holding a Category 1 global business license issued by\nthe Mauritian Financial Services Commission."},"VIS":{"companyName":"Visual International Hldgs Ltd","ticker":"VIS","lastPrice":1,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"VKE":{"companyName":"Vukile Property Fund Ltd","ticker":"VKE","lastPrice":1550,"bidPrice":1585,"offerPrice":1537,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Vukile was incorporated on 31 October 2003 under the name Selcovest (Pty) Ltd. Selcovest 23 (Pty) Ltd changed it's name to Vukile and converted to a public company on 26/05/2004.\n\n2005\nAcquisition of 75% of MICC.\n\n2006\nVukile achieves fi ve-year BEE equity target from R439 million investment by BEEShareCo\n(Lazarus Capital (Pty) Ltd).\n\n2007\n11 July - listed on the Namibian Stock Exchange.\n\n2009\nProperty portfolio consists of 74 properties with a gross lettable area of 920 232m2.\n\n2010\n\nRated the best performing property loan stock company listed on the JSE Limited in 2009 by\nCatalyst Fund Managers. Acquisition by Vukile of the property asset management business of Sanlam Properties.\n\n2011\nResponsible for rendering property asset management services to Sanlam Life’s entire commercial property portfolio."},"VOD":{"companyName":"Vodacom Group Ltd","ticker":"VOD","lastPrice":9523,"bidPrice":9557,"offerPrice":9363,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Vodacom Group and Vodacom SA were incorporated in South Africa in 1993 as a joint venture between Telkom, Vodafone and VenFin Limited (\"VenFin\"). The Group launched one of Africa's first GSM networks in South Africa in 1994. Vodacom Group's shareholders recognised the need for BEE investors and in 1996 a 5% stake in Vodacom Group was sold to a BEE company, Hosken Consolidated Investments Limited (\"HCI\") (through Descarte Investments No 8 (Proprietary) Limited) for R118 million. Six years later in 2002, HCI sold its stake back to Vodafone and VenFin for R1.5 billion, making it one of the most successful BEE deals implemented in South Africa to date. \n\nUntil the implementation of the Vodacom BEE transaction, Vodacom Group held 100% of Vodacom SA. The Vodacom BEE transaction was finalised on 8 October 2008 when Royal Bafokeng Holdings (Proprietary) Limited (\"Royal Bafokeng\") and Thebe Investment Corporation (Proprietary) Limited (\"Thebe\"), through their subsidiaries, the black public (as defined in the BBBEE Codes), business partners and employees acquired in aggregate 6.25% of Vodacom SA. The black public, business partners and employees obtained ownership in Vodacom SA through YeboYethu. YeboYethu owns 3.44% of Vodacom SA while Royal Bafokeng and Thebe own 1.97% and 0.84% of Vodacom SA, respectively through their subsidiaries.\n\nPrior to 20 April 2006, the entire issued share capital of Vodacom Group was held as follows: 15% by VenFin, 35% by VHSA and 50% by Telkom. On 20 April 2006, Vodafone Group acquired the entire issued share capital of VenFin, resulting in a change in the shareholding of Vodacom Group, with the issued Vodacom Group shares being held as follows, 50% (in aggregate) by VHSA and VTI, indirect wholly owned subsidiaries of Vodafone, and 50% by Telkom. \n\nVodacom’s history shows a track record of innovation – in the early adoption of new technologies and in being first to market to offer new services to our customers.\n\n2009 Sale of Telkom’s 15% interest to Vodafone Unbundling of Telkom’s Vodacom shares \nListing on the JSE Limited \n \n2008 Sale of 6.25% in Vodacom SA to BBBEE shareholders Vodacom Business launched Acquisition of Gateway \n \n2007 Acquisition of an interest in WBS (“iBurst”) \n \n2006 Vodacom Ventures formed First to launch HSDPA in South Africa \n \n2005 Launch of Vodafone live! in South Africa \n \n2004 First to launch 3G in South Africa \n \n2003 Vodacom launches GSM network in Mozambique \n \n2002 First to launch GPRS and MMS in South Africa \n Vodacom launches GSM network in the DRC \n \n2001 Launch of Vodacom’s youth product 4U in South Africa \n \n2000 Vodacom launches GSM network in Tanzania \n \n1996 Sale of 5% stake in Vodacom Group to BEE shareholders \n Launch of world’s first prepaid service on an IN platform \n Vodacom launches GSM network in Lesotho \n \n1994 Vodacom launches GSM network in South Africa \n \n1993 Vodacom Group incorporated in South Africa"},"VUN":{"companyName":"Vunani Ltd","ticker":"VUN","lastPrice":230,"bidPrice":230,"offerPrice":200,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Vunani was founded in the late 1990s, and was first listed on the JSE’s AltX in November 2007, before being transferred to the main board in 2019. From the beginning, the group’s goal was to gain a competitive advantage by implementing meaningful Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment and consistently providing the best services and expertise available in the local financial services sector. \n\nOver the past two decades Vunani has created a robust and acknowledged footprint in South Africa and the rest of Africa. It has established a \ndistinct market position through its commitment to BEE and the retention of a top-tier management team. Vunani has become a force to be reckoned with both at home and internationally, thanks to the strength and breadth of its structure."},"WBC":{"companyName":"We Buy Cars Hlds Ltd","ticker":"WBC","lastPrice":2400,"bidPrice":2435,"offerPrice":2344,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"WBO":{"companyName":"Wilson Bayly Hlm-Ovc Ltd","ticker":"WBO","lastPrice":14500,"bidPrice":14600,"offerPrice":14322,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"In 1970 John Wilson and Brian Holmes formed a construction company known as Wilson-Holmes (Pty) Ltd. A number of mergers and many projects later the name changed to Wilson Bayly Holmes (Pty) Ltd and finally in 1996 became WBHO Construction.\nToday we are one of the largest construction companies in Southern Africa and listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange.\nIn 2017, WBHO entered the UK construction market following the acquisition of an interest in the Byrne Group from the Byrne family which subsequently increased to a majority shareholding in 2018. The Byrne Group delivers construction services through its two subsidiaries; Byrne Bros and Ellmer Construction.\nIn 2018, WBHO expanded its footprint in the UK into the northern regions through the acquisition of a majority shareholding in Russell Construction. Russell-WBHO,\nas the business is now known, is a Manchester-based building contractor that continues to be managed by the founding brothers Gareth and Andrew Russell."},"WEZ":{"companyName":"Wesizwe Platinum Ltd","ticker":"WEZ","lastPrice":49,"bidPrice":49,"offerPrice":47,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The company was incorporated under the name Pacific Star Trading 3 Limited on 21 August 2003.\nThe name was changed to Exaco Holdings Limited on 2 October 2003. The company’s name was\nagain changed on 27 February 2004 to Wesizwe Platinum Limited. Wesizwe’s main activity is\nplatinum exploration and related activities.\nDuring 2003, Wesizwe acquired the entire issued ordinary share capital of Bakubung Minerals,\nwhich was incorporated under the name Summit Ridge Trading 85 (Proprietary) Limited on\n18 July 2002. The subsidiary’s name was changed to Bakubung Minerals with effect from\n17 September 2002. The main activity of the subsidiary is to acquire rights to explore for minerals and to exploit such rights.\nAt the time of acquisition, Bakubung Minerals held written consent from the Bakubung, who were\nthe partial mineral right owners of portions 3, 4 and 11 of Frischgewaagd 96 JQ, to apply for\nprospecting permits on these properties. Bakubung Minerals also received permission from the mineral right holders of the former portions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Ledig 909 JQ, and portions 1, 2, 4,5 and 7 of Zandrivierspoort 210 JP to apply for prospecting permits in relation to the respective properties. The consent from Ledig Minerale to apply for the old order prospecting permits for these portions of Ledig 909 JQ was obtained in exchange for cash and shares in Wesizwe (further information relating to these transactions is included in Annexure 5).\nIn February 2004, Bakubung Minerals applied for old order prospecting permits for the abovementioned properties and also applied for an old order prospecting permit for a certain\nportion of the State-held property of Mimosa 81 JQ. In April 2004, old order prospecting permits\nwere granted for portion 11 of Frischgewaagd 96 JQ, former portions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Ledig 909 JQ, portions 1, 2, 4, 5 and 7 of Zandrivierspoort 210 JP and a portion of Mimosa 81 JQ. A new order prospecting permit for portions 3 and 4 of Frischgewaagd 96 JQ was granted in October 2005. Certain of these old order prospecting permits have been converted to new order prospecting rights, as detailed in paragraph 2.3.5 below. Wesizwe raised R115 million from private investors to fund the acquisition of certain properties and\nto conduct the current exploration programme. The company intends to raise further capital during 2006 to extend the comprehensive exploration programme and if successful, conduct a pre-feasibility study. If warranted, further exploration will be conducted, leading to the preparation of a bankable feasibility study.\n6\nAs at the last practicable date, a total of approximately 23 000 metres of exploratory drilling has\nbeen completed."},"WHL":{"companyName":"Woolworths Holdings Ltd","ticker":"WHL","lastPrice":6307,"bidPrice":6372,"offerPrice":6233,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"30 October 1931 First Woolworths store opens in the old Royal Hotel in Plein Street, Cape Town \n\n20 October 1947 Marks & Spencer and Woolworths announce a co-operation agreement – Woolworths embarks on ongoing journey of “Quality” \n\n1 May 1963 Woolworths introduces a pension scheme for all black employees \n\nMarch 1974 Woolworths puts “Sell by” dates on all perishable foods \n\nJune 1978 Woolworths foods goes exclusively private label \n\n1981 - The company merged with Truworths Ltd,\nresulting in Wooltru becoming the listed holding\ncompany for Woolworths and Truworths. The separate\nlisting of Woolworths (previously listed in 1936)\nterminated at this time. 1 June 1981 Woolworths: the first retail company to introduce maternity leave.\n\nMay 1989 Woolworths introduces South Africa to machine washable knitwear \n\n10 May 1993 Woolworths launches the Store Card \n\n20 October 1998 - Woolworths Holdings Ltd relisted on the JSE. \n\nSeptember 2000 First new micro convenience store is opened in Johannesburg \n \nMarch 2002 No Woolies food will contain MSG or tartrazine – our good food journey begins \n\nJune 2004 Woolworths sells its first organic clothing range – our good clothing journey begins \n\nAugust 2006 Baby food goes fresh and natural"},"WKF":{"companyName":"Workforce Holdings Ltd","ticker":"WKF","lastPrice":101,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"The Workforce group was established in the early 1970s by Ronny Katz, initially providing artisans to the chemicals industry in Johannesburg and trading under the name of Workforce. Over the past few years the group has seen large growth, both in terms of turnover and also the products it is able to offer its clients. Currently the group employs approximately 23 000 contractors, has a national branch infrastructure across 68 locations, has 835 full time employees and an annual turnover of approximately R830 million. In order to further its development, the shareholders of the group have decided to pursue a listing on “ALTx”.\n\nDuring the 1990’s the group expanded its activities on a geographical basis, opening local branches in KwaZulu-Natal in 1992, in the Cape in 1993 and thereafter throughout the country.\n• In 1997 the group acquired the business that comprises Fempower, which is currently a division of Workforce Group Holdings, from Jetsam (Proprietary) Limited to expand its product range by having a presence in the permanent recruitment market and to position the group to offer white collar outsourcing.\n• In 1997 the group launched Pha Phama as a black economic empowerment company with the objective of developing and mentoring an organisation comprised of previously disadvantaged individuals.\n• In 1999 the group embarked on a program of consolidating its various trading names under one brand known as Workforce.\n• In 2001 a regional office was opened for the KwaZulu-Natal region and a regional office for the Cape region was opened in 2004.\n• In 2003 the group acquired the business that comprises Workforce Healthcare from All Health\n(Proprietary) Limited in liquidation - with the intention of providing Occupational Health Care services to its clients and the market and further strengthening its competitive position by being able to offer to its clients a complete service in terms of their labour requirements.\n• In 2004 the group acquired a software development organisation from Force Holdings in order to establish an in-house software development capability. This has been redeveloped to suit the specific requirements of the group and to position it with a competitive advantage in terms of electronic processing of payroll and payments to staff.\n• In January 2006 the group launched Babereki Employee Support Services with the objective of providing lifestyle products to employees and associates of the group on a competitive basis."},"XII":{"companyName":"Numeral Limited","ticker":"XII","lastPrice":2,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"YRK":{"companyName":"York Timber Holdings Ltd","ticker":"YRK","lastPrice":172,"bidPrice":172,"offerPrice":165,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"1916 - Incorporated as Katzenellenbogen Ltd.\n1946 - Listed on the JSE."},"YYLBEE":{"companyName":"YeboYethu (RF) Ltd","ticker":"YYLBEE","lastPrice":2050,"bidPrice":2050,"offerPrice":2050,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""},"ZA329":{"companyName":"BNP Paribas Issuance329","ticker":"ZA329","lastPrice":0,"bidPrice":0,"offerPrice":0,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":null},"ZED":{"companyName":"Zeder Inv Ltd","ticker":"ZED","lastPrice":174,"bidPrice":177,"offerPrice":174,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":"Since 2004, PSG has pursued a strategy of investing in various unlisted agri companies and has enjoyed good returns on these investments. Following this strong growth, PSG has transferred its various agricultural investments to Zeder on 1 September 2006.\n\nA private placement was conducted which afforded a selection of PSG’s clients, its business partners and financial institutions the opportunity to invest in the new company."},"ZZD":{"companyName":"Zeda Limited","ticker":"ZZD","lastPrice":1199,"bidPrice":1208,"offerPrice":1180,"previousDaysClose":null,"companyHistory":""}}}
Absa Group Limited
Anglo American plc
Anglo American Plat Ltd
AngloGold Ashanti plc
Anheuser-Busch InBev SA NV
Aspen Pharmacare Hldgs Ltd
African Rainbow Min Ltd
BID Corporation Ltd
British American Tob plc
Compagnie Fin Richemont
Clicks Group Ltd
Capitec Bank Hldgs Ltd
Discovery Ltd
Exxaro Resources Ltd
Firstrand Ltd
Gold Fields Ltd
Glencore plc
Harmony GM Co Ltd
Impala Platinum Hlgs Ltd
Kumba Iron Ore Ltd
MultiChoice Group Ltd
Mondi plc
MTN Group Ltd
Nedbank Group Ltd
Naspers Ltd -N-
Old Mutual Limited
Prosus N.V.
Quilter Plc
Remgro Ltd
Reinet Investments S.C.A
South32 Limited
Standard Bank Group Ltd
Shoprite Holdings Ltd
Sanlam Limited
Sasol Limited
Sibanye Stillwater Ltd
Vodacom Group Ltd

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